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Article

Mary M. Tinti

(b Houston, TX, 1951).

American sculptor, installation and conceptual artist. His multimedia works investigate the pathology of contemporary culture. Mel Chin was born and raised in Houston, Texas to parents of Chinese birth and received his BA in 1975 from the Peabody College in Nashville, Tennessee. The works in Chin’s oeuvre are diverse in both medium and subject, but a consistent undercurrent of social, political, and environmental responsibility runs throughout. Whether a sculpture, film, video game, installation, public project or earthwork, Chin’s artworks consistently targeted a broad spectrum of pressing cultural and ecological interests and spread their message in subtle, if not viral ways.

In the 1980s, Chin produced a number of sculptures that set the stage for his ever-evocative artistic journey. The Extraction of Plenty from What Remains: 1823 (1988–9) is a frequently referenced piece from this period. It is a symbolic encapsulation of the effects of the Monroe Doctrine, referencing the complicated dealings between the US (represented by truncated replicas of White House columns) and Central America (represented by a cornucopia of mahogany branches, woven banana-tree fiber, and a surface layer of hardened blood, mud, and coffee grinds). From the 1990s, however, Chin moved away from strictly gallery-based installations and began creating works that directly engaged contemporary culture in a variety of physical and theoretical landscapes....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in London.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

After studying in London at St Martin's from 1966 to 1968, Hamish Fulton went on to study photography in 1969. Fulton is interested in landscape and has much in common with Land Art, although his approach is quite different. Unlike Richard Long - with whom he travelled in South America - Fulton does not intervene on site. He builds his work around the physical impression that a space leaves on the body when walking, first in timeless photographs with brief captions and then, from ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Bydgoszcz.

Painter, sculptor, environmental artist.

Neo-Constructivism, Op Art, Conceptual Art.

From 1953 to 1959, Zbigniew Gostomsky studied painting at the fine art academy in Warsaw, where he became a professor. He was also an actor and worked at Kantor's theatre ...

Article

Margaret Barlow

(b Gallipolis, OH, July 29, 1950).

American installation and conceptual artist. Her studies included general art courses at Duke University, Durham, NC (1968–70), and then painting, printmaking, and drawing at the University of Chicago before completing her BFA at Ohio University, Athens (1972). In 1974 she took summer courses at the Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, entering its MFA programme in 1975 and beginning her first work with language, installation, and public art. Holzer moved to New York in 1977. Her first public works, Truisms (1977–9), appeared in the form of anonymous broadsheets pasted on buildings, walls, and fences in and around Manhattan. Commercially printed in cool, bold italics, numerous one-line statements such as ‘Abuse of power comes as no surprise’ and ‘There is a fine line between information and propaganda’, were meant to be provocative and elicit public debate. Thereafter Holzer used language and the mechanics of late 20th-century communications as an assault on established notions of where art should be shown, with what intention and for whom (e.g. ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in Provincetown (Massachussets), USA.

Born 1930, in London.

Sculptor, collage artist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Peter Hutchinson exhibited in Geneva in 1994. His works of Land Art are recorded in photographs. He also produces imaginary landscapes based on photo-montages and found objects, accompanied by texts....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Glasgow and New York.

Born 28 April 1964, in Airdie, near Glasgow.

Sculptor, installation artist.

Conceptual art.

Jim Lambie studied in the Environmental Art department at the Glasgow School of Art (1990-1994). He was nominated for the Turner Prize in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in Cluj.

Textile sculptor, installation artist, environmental artist. Designs for tapestries.

Conceptual Art.

Ana Lupas trained at the Ioan Andreesco Fine Arts Institute in Cluj, where she later taught. She has produced monumental tapestries for the students' hall in Cluj and for the History Museum in Iasi. She lives in Cluj. Her technique could be called 'free tapestry' and lends itself to environment-like installations. Ana Lupas has been involved in symposia and conferences on tapestry and has participated in several collective exhibitions in Romania including the 7th International Aesthetics Congress in Bucharest (...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1944, in Glasgow.

Performance artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist, printmaker, ceramicist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Bruce McLean studied at Glasgow School of Art (1961-1963), and at St Martins School of Art in London (1963-1966) under Anthony Caro, Phillip King and William Tucker. He has taught at the Croydon School of Art (...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Born 1943.

Sculptor, environmental artist, happenings artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1965 in collaboration with Ruben Santanonin, Marta Minujin created La Menesunda (Confusion) at the Torcuato Di Tella institute in Buenos Aires. The institute was founded in 1958 as a private initiative and encourages the expression of avant-garde art in Argentina. Her piece was a kind of polymorphous interior environment offering the public visual and tactile sensations. It included a closed-circuit video, a mirror gallery, air-stream blown confetti and corridors with soft surfaces. In ...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Zilina.

Sculptor of assemblages, happenings artist, environmental artist.

Conceptual Art.

Alex Mlynarcik was a pupil at the school of fine arts in Bratislava and then at the academy of fine arts in Prague from 1959 to 1965. In Paris he was particularly active during the student uprisings of the Sorbonne in May ...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in Eutin.

Sculptor, environmental artist, mixed media. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Oppermann attended the art academy in Hamburg where she has been living since 1961. She has contributed to the following group exhibitions: 1973 Wolfsburg Forum for Young Artists 73...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1 October 1936, in Deutschnofen (South Tyrol). Died 16 July 2012, in Burgenland, Austria.

Sculptor, draughtsman, mixed media, assemblage artist, environmental artist.

Neo-Dadaism, Conceptual Art.

From 1951 to 1955, Pichler attended the technical school in Innsbruck; then the academy of applied arts in Vienna. Having been awarded a French Government grant, he stayed in Paris ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Toronto.

Painter, sculptor.

Land Art, Process Art, Conceptual Art.

William Vazan's work seems to veer in several directions at once. His main aim is probably to open up the concept of art as much as possible. His work contains some elements similar to the conceptual approach, but also evokes Land Art or Process Art, parallel movements which sprang up in the late 1960s. In ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 1940, in Lancashire.

Sculptor, film producer.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Marie Yates studied at Manchester College of Art and at Hornsey College of Art. She began teaching at the Royal College of Art in 1973.

She does not see her work as either painting or sculpture, nor even as representing a landscape, but as a purely personal interpretation of a place. She attaches great importance to the choice of sites and surfaces, and explores the three elements found there: water, earth and air. In some aspects her work is not unlike Land Art....