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Article

Moroccan, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Fez.

Painter, draughtsman.

Karim Benanni was one of the first artists to chair the AMAP (Association Marocaine des Arts Plastiques), set up in 1973. After a series of studies in the field of abstract art, he returned to the realm of signs, with a sensual, albeit rigorous, style involving a subtle gradation of colours....

Article

Lynne Cooke

(b Kheredine, nr Carthage, Tunisia, May 1, 1934).

British sculptor. A leading figure among the group of young British sculptors known as the New Generation who came to critical prominence in the mid-1960s, he read modern languages at Cambridge (1955–7) before turning seriously to sculpture. After a postgraduate year at St Martin’s School of Art in London from 1957 to 1958 and a year as assistant to Henry Moore, King began teaching at St Martin’s with Anthony Caro and Eduardo Paolozzi, both of whom influenced the semi-figurative Brutalist sculpture, which he was then making in clay and plaster. During a trip to Greece in 1960 he discovered, from the example of Greek architecture, that there could be an art that was, as he saw it, ‘of’ nature without resembling nature. The next year, on a visit to Documenta 2 in Kassel, he was struck by the contrast between the mannered clichés of contemporary European sculpture, with its eviscerated tortured forms, and the large-scale ambition and optimism of American Abstract Expressionist painting. The recent shift in Caro’s thinking about sculpture, far more than his actual work, further reinforced the radical change that then took place in King’s aesthetic. Works such as ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1926 and naturalised from 1928.

Born 1913, in Alexandria, to Russian parents; died 2003, in East Hampton (New York).

Sculptor, painter.

American Abstract Artists (AAA). New York School.

Ibram Lassaw started his study of sculpture at the age of 13 at Brooklyn's Children Museum, under the guidance of Dorothea Denslow, before moving on to the Clay Club ...

Article

Congolese, 20th century, male.

Painter.

Abstract.

Francis Mampuya paints schematic colourful figures in motion. In 1996, he helped to found the 'Groupe Exhibition Libre' within the Kinshasa academy, the purpose of which was to challenge academicism. He then coined the concept of 'Librism'.

In 2002...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, female.

Active in France since 1985.

Born in Egypt.

Painter. Designs for tapestries.

Mona Zaalouk was a student of Fouad Kamel, one of the precursors of Surrealism and Abstract art in Egypt, and a friend of Breton. She began by making tapestries from the thick woollen thread used by nomads to weave their clothes. She then devoted herself to painting, using sand, rocks and minerals for her colours....