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Hungarian, 20th century, female.

Born 1913; died 1991.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Symbolism.

European School group.

The wife of Imre Amos, an important representative of the Surrealist trend in Hungary, Margit Anna had virtually the same career in her own painting. In her youth her paintings were in the Post-Impressionist tradition. Chagall's work influenced her with his poetry, linking the memory of childhood and the creation of fantasy. The search for childhood innocence prevails over the inspiration of fantasy, perhaps because the Surrealist model had faded for her with the death of her husband in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 6 August 1914, in Sitalona (Trichonida). Died 1989, in Ixelles, Belgium.

Painter.

Symbolism, Surrealism.

Sotiris Pylarinos trained at the Athens school of fine arts (1937-1944), the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam (1947-1949), the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 January 1950, in Montrichard (Loir-et-Cher).

Painter. Landscapes with figures, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Annie Raveau-Pignon is a self-taught artist. She paints landscapes with Surrealist overtones, with hauntingly obscure scenes drawn from ancient Rome, as seen in Wisdom; Lifetime; Voyage into Nothingness...

Article

Henri Béhar

(b Moineşti, April 16, 1896; d Paris, Dec 24, 1963).

French writer of Romanian birth. His first poems were influenced by Symbolism. He went to Zurich in 1915 to study philosophy, and he founded the Dada movement with his friends Marcel Janco, Hans Arp, Richard Huelsenbeck and Hugo Ball. He edited the review Dada (1917–22), which served as an interchange and a melting-pot for the different artistic avant-gardes (Futurism, Expressionism, Cubism) isolated in Europe during World War I. It welcomed poets and visual artists with similar views. As early as issue 3, the ‘manifeste dada 1918’ laid the foundations of a revolutionary art, advocating chaos and the mixing of genres. The page exploded: typography itself was exploited as art. Influenced by the visual discoveries of his friends, including Arp, Janco and Viking Eggeling, Tzara composed poems that are their verbal equivalents, treating the word as sonorous material and attempting to produce an ideographic alphabet. The soirées nègres...