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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, painter, collage artist.

Minimal Art, Finish Fetish, Light and Space.

Peter Alexander studied at the University of Pennsylvania from 1957 to 1962, the Architectural Association of London from 1960 to 1962, and the University of California ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Quincy (Massachusetts).

Sculptor, painter.

Minimal Art.

Carl Andre attended the Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts from 1951 to 1953, where he met Frank Stella. On a trip to Europe in 1954 he discovered Brancusi’s sculptures and megalithic monuments. He lives in New York....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Washington DC; died 9 February 2013, in Albany (New York).

Sculptor, installation artist, painter, draughtsman.

Minimal Art.

Richard Artschwager had a German father and a Russian mother. He studied in New Mexico, then at Cornell University in New York. He fought in World War II in England, France, and finally in Vienna. He completed his scientific studies at Cornell University but immediately abandoned this route and entered the studio of Amédée Ozenfant, who had just emigrated to New York. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1936.

Painter.

Edward Avedesian painting has evolved over the years from abstract expressionism, minimalism and pop-abstraction, through colour field painting in the 1970s, and then to a form of bold figuration. He has exhibited his work in New York and Los Angeles, notably at the Mitchell Algus Gallery in New York in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 7 August 1929, in Seattle.

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Jo Baer is interested in 'primary structures', reducing her compositions to a minimum; her style in the 1960s can be qualified as Hard Edge. A simple line of colour running parallel to the edge of the canvas, underlined by a black stripe, highlights the centre of the composition, which remains monochrome. The form and format have to match the tonality, whether glossy or matte, bright or pale. In the mid-1970s, Baer left New York for Europe and in doing so abandoned abstraction in favour of a representational style that she qualified as "radical figuration"....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1931, in New Haven (Connecticut).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Darby Bannard studied at Princeton University before devoting himself to painting. He was a close friend of Stella in the 1960s and may have suggested to him the principle of the shaped canvas....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1941, in Long Beach (California).

Painter (mixed media).

Minimal Art, Conceptual Art, New Image.

Jennifer Bartlett grew up in Long Beach, and the ocean has always been a constant in her work. Her early work is midway between Minimalist and Conceptualist. Starting with a pattern of small dots screenprinted onto a series of identical steel plaques, she painted dotted lines in enamel, the number of dots in each line being calculated on the basis of a strict mathematical scheme. The concept of series was already prominent in this early phase. In the series entitled ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Niagara Falls; died 30 December 2014, in Accord (New York).

Painter.

Jake Berthot studied at the Pratt Institute of Design and the New School for Social Research, New York, from 1960 to 1962. Close to the American Minimalist movement, his painting features 'coloured fields'. It is not systematic, but is concerned with working the paint itself, something he has in common with Rothko....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in New York.

Painter, sculptor.

James Biederman was a sculptor at Yale University in the 1970s. He produced Minimalist paintings in the 1980s and then turned to a form of gritty, smudged abstraction that might be considered Abstract Landscapism. He has said that to reach the essence of sculpture, his body must always be moving and readjusting. Sculpture has its own world (simultaneously hiding and revealing fictitious space) and excludes him from that world. He feels both drawn into its kingdom and repulsed by his protuberances and tentacles....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1937, in Windham Center (Connecticut).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Between 1955 and 1959, Alan Cote studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School. From 1961 to 1964 he received a bursary that enabled him to study in Europe. He took part in group exhibitions in New York in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Washington; died 1985.

Painter, environmental artist.

Minimal Art.

Gene Davis studied at the University of Maryland from 1939 to 1942 and at the Wilson Teachers' College in Washington in 1943. He initially worked as a political journalist before teaching himself to paint. He took part in many group exhibitions, notably: in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1 October 1935, in Albany (California); died 25 July 2013, in Los Angeles.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Minimal Art, Land Art.

Walter De Maria studied the history of art at the University of Berkeley, and earned his MFA in 1959. His work cannot be neatly categorized within a single movement, but rather reaches across boundaries and includes Conceptual, Land, Installation, and Minimal Art. He initially participated in the Minimalist movement, of which he was one of the leaders with Robert Morris, Carl Andre, and Donald Judd, reducing his sculptures to simple geometric shapes and strategically engaging the use of gallery space in the interpretation of his works. In ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1943, in Long Beach (California).

Painter, sculptor.

Minimalism.

John Laddie Dill was the brother of the sculptor Guy Dill. He studied at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles from 1964 to 1968. On graduating, he started a framing business with his former classmate Chuck Arnoldi before joining Gemini G.E.I. as an apprentice printer. Here he met Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein and Jasper Johns who were to influence his subsequent work. In ...

Article

Morgan Falconer

American painter. He completed a BA at Trinity College, Hartford, CT, in 1971 and later settled in New York. Initially influenced by Post-minimalism, process art and conceptual art, he was soon attracted to the tactility and allusions to the body in the work of Brice Marden, Robert Mangold and Robert Ryman. Spurred on by the revival of interest in Surrealism in the 1970s, Dunham began to make abstract, biomorphic paintings reminiscent of the work of Arshile Gorky and André Masson, executed with a comic twist enhanced by lurid colours and the suggestion of contemporary psychedelia. In the 1980s he began to paint on wood veneer and rose to prominence in the context of a broader return to painting in the period. ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1910 or 1913, in Des Moines (Iowa); died 1966, in New York.

Painter, sculptor.

Minimal Art.

Paul Feeley studied at Menlo College in California from 1930 to 1931, and at the Art Students League in New York from 1931 to 1934...

Article

American installation artist and painter. His father intended him to become a priest and from 1947 to 1952 he attended a seminary in Brooklyn, New York. In 1954 he studied at the University of Maryland Extension Program in Osan-Ni in Korea and in 1956 at the New College for Social Research in New York. He continued these art history studies in ...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1944, in New York.

Sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, painter, installation.

Land Art, Environmental Art.

Richard Fleischner graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design with a BFA in 1966 and an MFA in 1968, both degrees focusing on sculpture. During the 1970s and 1980s, Fleischner became a leading figure in environmental art....

Article

Harry Rand

Polish theorist and painter, active in the USA. Though few immigrants maintained ties to Europe as strong as John Graham’s, his titanic effect upon the direction and development of American art surpassed that of many critics and influential artists—an unlikely reality (because of his improbable bearing and background), acknowledged by his artistic disciples and chronicled in fact....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1929, in Pomona (California).

Painter.

Minimal Art.

Marcia Hafif lived in Italy from 1961 to 1968, before moving to California, then to New York. In 1978 she published Beginning Again, an essay around which a group was formed, holding an exhibition in ...

Article

Deborah A. Middleton

American sculptor, painter, and printmaker. Heizer’s earthworks erected in the vast desert expanses of the American Midwest marked the beginning of the land art movement of the 1960s and liberated art from the confines of the art gallery. Heizer’s early experience and exposure to desert landscapes and Native American culture was influenced by his father Robert Heizer, an important American archaeologist, and his maternal grandfather Olaf P. Jenkins, who was an important early American geologist. He attended the San Francisco Art Institute (...