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Article

Egyptian, 20th century, female.

Born 1929.

Engraver.

Mariam Abdel Aleem studied at the institute of art in 1954, and also studied engraving and printing in the USA. She was subsequently appointed professor at Alexandria's faculty of fine art.

She has taken part in a number of important group exhibitions, including the Biennale of engraving at Ljubljana and ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1964.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Theatre decoration, designs for stained glass and for tapestries.

Mohamed Amich paints pictures of a Tunisia characterised by its traditions, festivals and crafts. Using a particularly wealthy range of colours, he construes and composes his works according to principal sketches and spatial structures, using a systematic approach stemming from Cubism via the teaching or example of André Lhote....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Tantah.

Engraver.

Kamal Amin studied engraving at the arts faculty in Cairo, after which he spent four years in Italy and France developing his skills. He was eventually appointed as assistant in the engraving department in which he had studied....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1952.

Born 10 October 1936.

Painter, engraver.

Ouanès Amor went to live in France at the age of 16. From 1960, he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Robert Chastel. He became Gustave Singier's assistant in ...

Article

Willemijn Stokvis

(b Constantine, Algeria, Jan 23, 1913; d Paris, Feb 12, 1960).

French painter, lithographer and writer. The Jewish intellectual milieu in which he grew up led to his interest in philosophy and religion, and from 1930 to 1934 he studied philosophy at the Sorbonne. While in Paris, however, he was confronted with modern painting for the first time, and his interest in poetry was awakened. Recognizing a means of expressing his interest in magical phenomena, in 1941 he began to paint and write poetry. His activity in the Résistance and his Jewish ancestry led to his arrest in 1942; by pleading insanity he was able to save himself but was confined to the Sainte Anne asylum, where he wrote poetry and painted. In the autumn of 1944, shortly after leaving the asylum, his first and only collection of poems, Le Sang profond, was published, and he exhibited drawings at the Galerie Arc en Ciel.

During the immediate post-war years Atlan’s work was well received in Paris. He had a one-man show in ...

Article

Paul Hulton

(Antonio Melchiorre)

(b Bologna, Jan 14, 1737; d Gondar, Ethiopia, between 14 Feb and March 3, 1771).

Italian draughtsman and printmaker . He showed early artistic promise and was apprenticed to Giuseppe Civoli (1705–78), a Bolognese painter and professor of architecture at the Accademia Clementina in Bologna. As a student he won the gold medal for architectural design in an open competition at Parma in 1759. He was consequently elected an academician in Bologna at the early age of 22. For his patron, the count and senator Girolamo Ranuzzi, he drew and etched (c. 1760) a notable set of plates of the Palazzo Ranuzzi (now the Palazzo di Giustizia) in Bologna. In 1761 he moved to Rome and began to take commissions as an architectural draughtsman. Here he was recruited to assist the explorer James Bruce of Kinnaird (1730–94) to draw and record Classical remains. For about three years from March 1765 Balugani travelled with Bruce, recording most of the known Classical sites of North Africa and Asia Minor. When Bruce decided to extend his travels to Ethiopia, by way of Egypt and Arabia, to search for the source of the Nile, Balugani accompanied him and made numerous drawings of botanical and zoological specimens, despite having also to compile weather records and travel journals. He was with Bruce when the latter discovered the springs of the Blue Nile (which they believed to be the source of the main river) in ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 13 April 1946, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver.

Nouvelle Figuration.

After obtaining his diploma from the school of fine arts in Tunis in 1966, Ben Meftah went on to study engraving at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1966 to 1971...

Article

Algerian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1953.

Born 1931, in Mestghanem.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, painter (gouache), watercolourist. Designs for tapestries.

Abdallah Benanteur began his artistic studies at the school of fine art in Oran, completing them at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris. He settled in Paris in 1953. From 1972 to 1976, he taught in the architecture department of the École des Beaux-Arts and at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris....

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France from 1972.

Born 30 May 1960, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver.

From 1980 to 1985 Meriem Bouderbala studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Aix en Provence. She lives and works in Nice. Her canvases are filled with wide bands of dark colour intersected by lighter bands. She uses greys, blue-greys, beiges and blacks. The material lets itself go from one stroke to another, evoking the weather, the dust, the sand, the light, the grain of the rock....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Alexandria.

Engraver (wood).

Having graduated from Alexandria's school of fine arts, Faruk Chehata was immediately hired as tutor in the same school. A skilled wood engraver, he uses the stark contrast between black and white obtainable using this technique to produce highly stylised images based on symbolic representations, such as ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 16 November 1931, in Gafsa.

Painter, engraver. Local scenes, animals.

From 1957 to 1961, Brahim Dahak was a pupil at the school of fine art in Rome and then, during the period 1971-72, he studied at the Cité des Arts in Paris. He focused mainly on wood or linoleum engraving. From ...

Article

Francis Russell

(b ?1715; d London, Feb 7, 1791).

English draughtsman, engraver and dealer. As agent to a number of patrons and subsequently librarian to George III, he was one of the most influential figures in the sphere of collecting in England for some four decades. He was the son of the Rev. John Dalton and younger brother of the Rev. John Dalton, poet and divine, whose connection with Algernon Seymour, Earl of Hertford (later 7th Duke of Somerset), forwarded Richard’s early career in Italy. He had arrived there by 1739 and may have trained in Bologna; by 1741 he was studying under Agostino Masucci in Rome and was already active as a dealer, selling a collection of prints in that year to Henry Clinton, 9th Earl of Lincoln, and cultivating the patronage of Sir Erasmus Philipps, Bart.

In 1749 Dalton visited Calabria and Sicily and then, in his capacity as travelling draughtsman, joined the party of James Caulfeild, 1st Earl of Charlemont, on a tour of Egypt, Turkey and Greece. He was possibly the first English artist to record the ancient monuments of these places. A selection of drawings executed on this tour was engraved by Dalton and published in ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1974.

Born 27 October 1949, in Cairo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Figures.

Sayed Darwiche learnt painting from his father, a calligrapher. He left Egypt after the two Egyptian-Israeli wars. His drawings and paintings show the figures of men, women and children, but through a violent form of expressionist deformation which approaches the work of the Abstract Expressionist artist Wilhem De Kooning, though his chosen blend of colours gives a sense of softness and luxury. Sayed Darwiche's sculptures, carved from old wood or quarried stone, come close to abstraction. They consist of curved, taut volumes whose sensual fullness contrasts with the ruggedness of his drawings and paintings....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1931.

Painter, engraver.

After studying at the faculty of applied arts in Cairo, Omar El Nagdi was appointed Professor in the same faculty. He also studied painting at the school of fine art in Cairo. Subsequently he continued his training at various art academies including Venice, Ravenna and the Ruskin Institute in LondonHis abstract paintings and engravings draw their inspiration from Arabic writing and Greek decorative architectural motifs. Their subdued nature does not detract from their elegance. Omar El Nagdi has shown his works at numerous national and international collective exhibitions, including the ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Cairo.

Painter (textile), engraver.

Saad Kamel studied at the free section of the Cairo school of fine arts and also worked in Rome. He obtained state funding in 1965, and has been the permanent representative of the international trades council in Geneva since ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Cairo.

Engraver. Scenes with figures.

Sayed Khalifa gained a diploma from the institute of applied arts in 1957, and in 1964 the diploma of the institute for the arts in Florence, where he studied from 1962 to 1965...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

(b Aïn Beida, Jan 20, 1947).

Algerian painter and graphic artist. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Algiers, and in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Ecole des Arts Décoratifs and Institut d’Urbanisme de l’Académie de Paris. After returning to Algeria he worked at the Bureau d’Etudes des Tanneries and the Bureaux d’Etudes des Textiles, and he then went to Tunisia, where he became cultural adviser at the Musée d’Art Moderne in Tunis. Inspired by the calligraphic movement in Arab painting in the 1960s, he explored the potential of abstract calligraphic compositions in graphic art to great effect (e.g. the engravings Testament of the Enemy, 1981) and also utilized such media as wood, silk, parchment and ceramics for this purpose, often with a minimal use of colour. Since 1970 he has exhibited his work in Europe, the Middle East, Japan, South America and the USA, and has won numerous awards.

Third World Biennale of Graphic Art...

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 3 December 1946, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver.

Hédi Labanne studied painting at the school of fine arts in Tunis, then worked from 1971 and 1975 at the École Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris. Reduced to the barest elements, his drawing nonetheless reflects his acute observations of the rich diversity of everyday life....

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1929 to 1939, in the USA from 1939.

Born 1892, in Cairo, to Romanian parents.

Painter, engraver.

Lewitin studied in Egypt, at the Académie Libre in Paris, and then at the Art Students' League and the National Academy of Design in New York. From ...

Article

Dora Vallier

(b Paris, July 13, 1920; d Montbéliard, Sept 10, 1999).

French painter and printmaker. He attended the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs and travelled in Italy and Algeria to broaden his artistic education. His first solo exhibition took place in 1943 at the château of Montbéliard. Influenced by Klee’s work and by his contact with the art critic Charles Estienne, who as early as 1950 sensed that geometrical abstraction was leading towards a new academicism and pleaded the cause of a freer and more lyrical pictorial expression, Messagier lightened his colours to near transparency and opted for broad, spontaneous brushwork. His landscapes of the Franche-Comté, such as Après-midi montante (1958; Eindhoven, Stedel. Van Abbemus.), expressed his sensitivity to nature and the rhythm of the seasons. From 1960 he began to exhibit abroad and took part in some of the major international events as a representative of new trends in French painting. He also transposed his supple brushwork into numerous engravings and from ...