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Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1964.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Theatre decoration, designs for stained glass and for tapestries.

Mohamed Amich paints pictures of a Tunisia characterised by its traditions, festivals and crafts. Using a particularly wealthy range of colours, he construes and composes his works according to principal sketches and spatial structures, using a systematic approach stemming from Cubism via the teaching or example of André Lhote....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 26 May 1921, in Tunis.

Painter, miniaturist. Genre scenes, local scenes, figures. Wall decorations, stage sets, designs for stained glass.

Jélal Ben Abdallah was a student at the school of fine art in Tunis. Initially he was a miniaturist, having studied traditional Islamic art and developed an oriental style, often defined as Tunisian. He portrays the traditions and ceremonies of Tunisian life in a make-up inspired by the ancient miniatures, using a range of warm ochres and soft browns. He also proved himself to be capable of adapting the images from these miniatures to a much larger format, that of murals, especially popular in the banks of Tunisia. His pleasant illustrations of Tunisian traditions are very popular with the public. As well as a certain ease of style and subject-matter, he can also achieve a certain poetic vein in his work....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 25 December 1910, in Tunis.

Painter, watercolourist, miniaturist, decorative artist. Figures, animals. Designs for tapestries.

In 1932 Ali Ben Salem was involved in setting up the Musée d'Art Tunisien. His tapestry-like painting is highly decorative and reveals graceful outlines and tender colours, featuring elegant young women alongside nimble animals....

Article

Chest  

J. W. Taylor

Large box container with a hinged lid. When the lid is domed, or if the chest is reinforced, it can also be known as a coffer. Chests are among the earliest furniture types and commonly served in ancient Egyptian homes as storage for clothing, linen and valuables. The shape and size of these chests often depended on their function. Some types, which could be quite complex, were known during the Old Kingdom (c. 2575–c. 2150 bc) and survived virtually unchanged over the succeeding centuries. The ancient Egyptian chest comprised a rectangular box supported on legs and covered by a lid, which could be flat, gabled, domed or sloping. Cords wound around projecting knobs on the lid and side of the chest held it closed; if necessary, this fastening could be sealed with a lump of mud for greater security. Favoured materials for making chests include native acacia and ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Cairo.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator, decorative artist. Decorative motifs. Stage costumes and sets, designs for jewellery.

A pupil at the Académie Julian, the École des Arts Decoratifs and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Georges Doche went on to show his work in several public exhibitions and, in particular, at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants in Paris, as well as at several private galleries in Geneva, Tokyo and London. He had a number of solo exhibitions, including in Paris (...

Article

John Wilton-Ely

Neo-classical style of architectural and interior design; as Egyptomania or Egyptiennerie it reached its peak during the late 18th century and early 19th. Napoleon’s campaign in Egypt (1798) coincided with emerging tastes both for monumental and for richly ornamental forms, enhanced by the literary and associational concerns of Romanticism. Unlike its Greek and Gothic counterparts, the Egyptian Revival never constituted a coherent movement with ethical or social implications. Indeed, since its earliest manifestations occurred in the later Roman Empire, the Revival itself can be seen as one in a series of sporadic waves of European taste in art and design (often linked to archaeological inquiry), acting as an exotic foil to the Classical tradition with which this taste was and remains closely involved (see fig.). On a broader plane of inquiry, the study of Egyptian art and architecture has continued to promote a keen awareness of abstraction in design and a decorative vocabulary of great sophistication. These are among the most enduring contributions of ancient Egypt to Western art and design. ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 June 1928, in Tunis.

Painter. Figure compositions, figures. Wall decorations.

Gorgi was a native of Georgia who lived and worked in Tunis. From 1949 onwards, he took part in group exhibitions in Tunis, as well as in the 1958...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Article

Morocco  

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator. Wall decorations.

Samir Rafi won the national award for fine arts in Cairo with his composition Time. In 1946, he formed the Contemporary Art association, with the aim of returning to specifically Egyptian inspiration and breaking away from the School of Paris. In ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Active in France and naturalised from 1930.

Born 10 August 1887, in Alexandria; died 9 December 1951, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, watercolourist, engraver, decorative artist. Nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Orientalism.

Georges Hanna Sabbagh left Egypt in 1906 for Paris, where he was the student of Maurice Denis, Paul Sérusier and Félix Valloton. He became a professor at the Académie Ranson in Paris and at the school of fine arts in Cairo ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 19 November 1924, in Tunis.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor. Local scenes, local figures. Low reliefs, wall decorations.

Zoubeir Turki was a student at the school of fine arts in Tunis, then spent a period in Stockholm from 1953 to 1958, where he attended the school of fine arts. He lives and works in Tunis. He portrays the figures in his compositions with a great deal of wit and affectionate humour, making them lively, vivacious, and malicious. His drawing is linear, very pure, and reminiscent of Matisse's, but is nevertheless full of detail, meaning, and the psychology of its figures. He especially excels in mimicking the Tunisian middle classes. He also executed some mural decorations and low reliefs in Tunisia....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Sculptor. Figures, nudes, portraits, animals.

Béchir Zribi worked for a long period as a cabinetmaker and was known for his copies of bourgeois styles of the past. Staying with the material and the technique from his previous profession, he went on to sculpt directly from wood. He occasionally works with stone, also cutting directly, using the chisel in place of the gouge....