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Canadian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in the USA.

Born 5 September 1906, in St Catherines (Ontario); died 27 April 1978, in New York.

Painter, lithographer, photographer.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

Ralston Crawford was brought up in Buffalo, NY and spent some time working as a sailor. From 1926-1927, he studied at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, and from 1927-1930 at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts under Hugh Breckenridge among others, and at the Barnes Foundation, Merion Station. He travelled widely in Europe, America, Egypt and the South Pacific and held a number of posts as visiting lecturer and artist at various colleges and universities in America, including the Fine Arts Academies in Buffalo and Cincinnati, the Brooklyn Museum and the University of Nebraska....


American, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1883, in Philadelphia; died 7 May 1965, in New York.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, printmaker, draughtsman, photographer. City views, rural landscapes, industrial views, nudes.

Precisionism (or Cubist Realism).

Charles Sheeler studied at the Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts and was then taught by the painter and printmaker William Merritt Chase in New York. From Chase, Sheeler learned the technique of quick strokes, inspired by the Munich Expressionists, which was a feature of his early work. He lived for a time in London, the Netherlands, and Spain and also in Paris, where he came across Cubism and the work of Henri Matisse....