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Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 18 February 1912, in Baku.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, scenes with figures, landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, animals. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, murals, church decoration.

A self-taught artist of Armenian origin, George Akopian went to France in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 24 March 1859, in Angers; died 1941, in Angers.

Painter, decorative artist, lithographer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes. Designs for stained glass.

He was a pupil of Ernest Hebert and Luc-Olivier Merson at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between ...

Article

Arcabas  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1831, in Tours; died 1911, in Tours.

Potter, enameller. Religious furnishings.

School of Tours.

The son of Charles-Jean Avisseau, and uncle to Édouard-Léon, Joseph-Édouard Avisseau was a pupil of his father, and also studied drawing and painting in Lobin's studio. He worked in close collaboration with his father, and shared his taste for the historicist Renaissance movement, veering progressively towards the Baroque. With his father and his sister Caroline, he executed ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 May 1859, in St-Symphorien-de-Lay (Loire); died 8 February 1948, in Lyons.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, landscapes with figures, urban views. Wall decorations, church decoration.

Antoine Barbier painted many decorative works including a Flight into Egypt for the church of Matarieh in Cairo and various works for the Assembly (Sobranie) in Sofia and the École Malesherbes in Paris. He ran courses from time to time in watercolour painting from nature in France, Switzerland and England....

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 20 February 1889, in Geneva; died 1954 or 1955, in Geneva.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Barraud studied at the École des Arts et Métiers in Geneva and at the same time took evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts under Pierre Pignolat. At first he worked in advertising as a designer and he was only able to dedicate himself fully to painting after 1913. He was a member of the ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 July 1835, in Aachen; died 7 May 1906.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes. Wall decorations.

Baur attended the University of Bonn and at the age of 19 went to Düsseldorf, where he studied under Carl F. Sohn and Joseph Kehren. He then visited Paris, Holland and Italy, and in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 November 1851, in Geneva; died 25 October 1922.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Murals.

De Beaumont attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and studied under Jean-Léon Gérome before returning to Geneva, where he divided his time between decorative painting and pictures. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 August 1868, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist. Figure compositions, allegorical subjects, religious subjects, figures, genre scenes. Wall decorations.

Jules Gustave Besson studied under Alexandre Cabanel, Élie Delaunay and Gustave Moreau at the Paris École des Beaux-Arts where he won a number of awards. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français de Paris of which he was a member ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Paris; died 14 June 1940, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, horses. Frescoes, murals, designs for stained glass.

Billotey studied under the academic painters Jules Lefebvre (1836-1911) and Tony Robert-Fleury (...

Article

Christian Norberg-Schulz

Norwegian architectural and furniture design partnership formed in 1922 by Gudolf Blakstad (b Gjerpen, 19 May 1893; d Oslo, 1986) and Herman Munthe-Kaas (b Christiania [now Oslo], 25 May 1890; d Oslo, 5 March 1970). Blakstad was awarded his diploma as an architect at the Norwegian Institute of Technology in Trondheim in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 November 1825, in La Rochelle; died 19 August 1905, in La Rochelle.

Painter, watercolourist, decorative designer, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes. Wall decorations.

William Bouguereau was the son of a middle-class family of English origin. From 1832 to 1837 he lived with his uncle Eugène in the small town of Mortagne. His uncle recognised the boy's artistic talent and at the age of 13 allowed him to pursue his interest in painting and to attend art classes at school in Pons under the direction of Louis Sage, a former pupil of Ingres. Despite his son's obvious gift, William's father made him join the family business in Bordeaux but at the same time he enrolled at the municipal drawing and painting school and soon decided to become a painter. He was awarded first prize for figure painting in 1844 for his painting of ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 19 November 1889, in Verdun; died 25 June 1972.

Painter, draughtswoman, humorist artist, watercolourist, illustrator, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes. Church decoration, furniture, frescoes, designs for tapestry, posters, costumes.

The third child of Edouard Branly, a doctor, Elisabeth Branly trained with Claire Chevalet, as well as with Jacques Cancaret at the Académie Julian until ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1907, in Versailles; died 29 May 1990, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (etching), lithographer, draughtsman (including ink), monotype artist, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views, seascapes, still-lifes...

Article

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Göteborg.

Born 1840, in Oerebro; died 1922.

Painter. Portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, church interiors. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass.

Karl Callmander studied in Stockholm, Düsseldorf, Antwerp, Paris and Munich. His repertoire consisted of genre scenes, portraits, wall and ceiling decorations and later a number of stained glass windows....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 August 1860, in Pau; died 25 January 1918, in Pau.

Painter, draughtsman (including red chalk), pastellist, decorative artist. Portraits, genre scenes, religious subjects.

Henry Castaing studied from 1881 to 1883 under Victor Venat in Pau, then spent two years in Italy where he studied composition at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome under Brushi and Sciuti. He enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he worked under William Laparra, Léon Bonnat and Benjamin Constant. Following his return to the French capital in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 22 March 1879, in Geneva; died 8 November 1945, in Lausanne.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, illustrator, decorative artist, art restorer. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits, waterscapes. Frescoes, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, church decoration, stage sets.

Alexandre Cingria was descended from a famous Levantine family and the brother of the writer Charles-Albert Cingria. He studied at the university and art schools in Geneva, the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the academies in Munich and on several occasions in Florence. He started painting in ...