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Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Iranian art. While studying mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, Ackerman met and eventually married Arthur Upham Pope, with whom she had taken courses in philosophy and aesthetics. In 1926 she and Pope organized the first ever exhibition of Persian art at the Pennsylvania Museum and helped create the First International Congress of Oriental Art. In ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in France and the United States. For many years she taught the philosophy of art at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA. She also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities until her retirement in the late 1970s. Also a novelist and poet, she combined Arabic calligraphy with modern language in her drawings, paintings, ceramics and tapestries. She explored the relationship between word and image in over 200 “artist books,” in which she transcribed in her own hand Arabic poetry from a variety of sources....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 26 October 1945, in Beaumont (Texas).

Painter. Scenes with figures, religious subjects.

John Alexander is the leader of the Houston school known as Fresh Paint. His religious paintings have a theatrical quality, with bright colours and a sometimes primitive style. Several of his paintings are of fantastical scenes....

Article

Dennis Raverty

American sculptor of Iranian birth. Armajani studied in Iran at the University of Tehran before immigrating to the USA in 1960 to complete his studies in philosophy at Macalester College in Saint Paul, MN, where he settled permanently. He became a naturalized US citizen in ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Islamic art. Atıl earned her PhD at the University of Michigan, with a dissertation on an illustrated Ottoman Book of Festivals. In 1970 she was appointed Curator of Islamic Art at the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, a post that she held for 15 years. An extraordinarily energetic and prolific curator, she organized many notable exhibitions based on the Freer collection as well as traveling exhibitions of Mamluk art, the age of Süleyman the Magnificent, and of the Kuwait collection of Islamic art. Between ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1878, in New Haven (Connecticut); died 1945, in Almora (India).

Painter. Religious subjects, flowers.

Achsah Barlow Brewster studied at the New York School of Art and at the Art Students League. In 1905 she was in Paris. She married the artist Earl Brewster in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 2 September 1911, in Charlotte (North Carolina); died 12 March 1988, in New York.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, lithographer, screen printer, engraver, collage artist, newspaper cartoonist, illustrator, art theorist. Religious subjects, figure compositions, local figures. Humorous cartoons, frontispieces, stage sets...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

British mining consultant and collector of American birth. He was educated at the Columbia School of Mines and at Princeton University; by the age of 28 he was the consulting engineer and assistant general manager of the Guggenheim Exploration Company. In 1913, two years after the death of his first wife, he settled in London and became established as a mining consultant. He married Edith Dunn and bought Baroda House in Kensington Palace Gardens. With one of his associates, Herbert Hoover, later President of the USA (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1908.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, portraits.

At the Salon des Tuileries in 1934, Julien Binford exhibited The Disrobing of Christ, Crucifixion, and Portrait of the Author.

New York, 18 Dec 1991: Trying on the Green Dress (oil on canvas...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1851, in Exeter (New Hampshire); died 1922, in St-Cloud (Hauts-de-Seine), France.

Painter, draughtswoman. Genre scenes, mythological scenes, religious scenes.

Elisabeth-Jeanne Gardner studied in Paris under the direction of William Adolphe Bouguereau and later became his wife. She took part in the Paris Salon of ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born in Pittsburgh.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures.

Robert Brennen produces figurative sculptures in wood and metal, often on religious themes. These display fine craftsmanship and great technical skill. Brennen has exhibited in the USA, Greece, Italy, Germany and France. He has received numerous awards, including: in Rome in ...

Article

Annemarie Weyl Carr

German scholar of Byzantine, East Christian and European illuminated manuscripts. He took his degree in 1933 at the University of Hamburg in the heady community of the Warburg Library (later Institute) under the tutelage of Erwin Panofsky and Fritz Saxl. Immigrating with the Warburg staff and library to London in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1834, in Malden (Massachusetts); died 1919, in Newton Upper Falls (Massachusetts).

Painter, sculptor. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Darius Cobb was the twin brother of Cyrus Cobb. The works for which he is known include portraits of ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1887, in Springfield (Ohio); died 1932.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Glenn O. Coleman began working as a newspaper illustrator in Indianapolis but moved to New York in 1905, where he studied under Everett Shinn and Robert Henri. He painted scenes of urban poverty which link him to the Ashcan School. During this period he collaborated with Sloan and Bellows, illustrating ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 March 1910, in North Plainfield (New Jersey).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, print artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, figure compositions, genre scenes, street scenes. Murals, church decoration, religious furnishings.

Harlem Renaissance.

Allan Rohan Crite studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and then at Harvard University Extension School, Cambridge, Massachusetts. During the Depression, he worked for the Federal Arts Project. He lived in Boston since he was one year old. From the early 1940s, Crite set out to paint the life of the black community in Roxbury and South End, Boston. He also created a number of religious works for churches in the 1930s and illustrated religious books. In particular, he published two books of Negro Spirituals with Harvard University Press, ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 12 April 1892, in Chicago; died 1973, in Plains (Illinois).

Painter, watercolourist, collage artist, illustrator.

Art Brut.

Henry J. Darger worked as a handyman at the Catholic mission of the Little Sisters of the Poor, who took him in when his father died, and then in various hospitals in Chicago....

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 23 July 1864, in South Dedham, Massachusetts; died 2 November 1933, in Norwood, Massachusetts.

Photographer, publisher. Portraits, nude studies, religious and mythological subjects.

The Linked Ring.

Pictorialism.

During the 1880s F. Holland Day worked for A.S. Barnes and Company booksellers in Boston and began experimenting with the camera. In 1893 he established, along with Herbert Copeland, the Copeland and Day publishing house, and over the course of the decade his photographic work flourished. In 1896 he began making pictures of male nudes, often highly accessorized and posed, and also pursued religious themes, culminating in 1898 with a series of 250 photographs of Day performing the life of Christ. Following this controversial pursuit, he organized a major exhibition of Pictorialist photography, ...

Article

American curator. He studied under Josef Strzygowski at the University of Vienna, where he earned a PhD in 1916, writing a thesis on Coptic tapestries, particularly those in the museum of the University of Lund, Sweden. In 1923 he joined the staff of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City as a research assistant in the Egyptian department, charged with cataloguing Coptic textiles. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1840, in Chicago; died 27 January 1912, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views, ruins, church interiors, interiors.

Charles Dyer began his career in the Navy and the diplomatic corps (he was consul in Bristol and then Beirut). He left the diplomatic corps to devote himself to painting under the guidance of L. Jacquesson de la Chavreuse in Paris. In ...