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Article

Ingeborg Wikborg

Norwegian sculptor, designer and medallist. He became familiar with handicraft in his father’s furniture workshop. In 1954 he began five years’ study as a commercial artist at the Håndverks- og Kunstindustriskole in Oslo and from 1957 to 1963 he worked as an illustrator for a newspaper. He studied at the Kunstakademi in Oslo from ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1900, in Chatillon-Coligny (Loiret); died, Jacques died in 1984.

Painters, sculptors (including bronze/ceramics), decorative designers. Landscapes, figures, animals.

The Adnet twins exhibited together at the Salon des Artistes Français, winning a joint travel scholarship in 1927. They were members of the Salon d'Automne and also exhibited at the Salons des Indépendants and Salon des Tuileries. Their submissions of paintings have largely been of landscapes, but they have also offered paintings of furniture. Their careers later led them into the decorative arts; Jacques created the ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active from 1951 also active in France.

Born 11 May 1928, in Rishon LeZiyyon.

Painter, sculptor. Wall decorations, monuments.

Op Art, Kinetic Art.

The son of a rabbi, Yaacov Agam was educated at the Bezalel art college in Jerusalem. He was arrested by the British in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 17 May 1867, in Paris; died 4 September 1922, in Chamonix.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Decorative panels.

Georgette Agutte came from a wealthy bourgeois family who were interested in art. She began studying sculpture by Louis Schroeder. She attended lessons given by Gustave Moreau at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, as did Matisse and Rouault, artists of her generation. After her divorce in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1939, in Fleurus (Hainaut).

Sculptor, painter. Monuments.

Claude Alard trained as a locksmith in 1959, but was self-taught as an artist. He was the decorator for the theatre at the Maison de la Culture in Bourges. From ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1925, in La Ciotat.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor, lithographer, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations.

Symbolism.

Jean-Pierre Alaux was the son of François Alaux and the great-great-grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux. From ...

Article

Albin  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 February 1941, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, decorative designer.

Albin studied sculpture and mural decoration in Paris at the École des Arts Appliqués à l'Industrie, and engraving and lithography at the École des Beaux-Arts. He creates décors for television, film, theatre and the opera. The French state has commissioned sculptures and frescoes from him....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 25 June 1947, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, decorative designer.

Sylvaine Ancona studied at the École Municipale de Dessin from 1965 to 1967, and at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Nice from 1967 to 1971. From 1981 to ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1903, in Toulouse; died December 1969, in Paris.

Sculptor, decorative designer. Busts.

After an impressive career as an architect and decorator, André Arbus began working as a sculptor. He received numerous commissions for commemorative monuments, busts and torsos. He was selected for the Venice Biennale of ...

Article

Arcabas  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 26 February 1937, in Madrid.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, decorative designer, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits. Stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Eduardo Arroyo was educated at the Lycée Français in Madrid and then at the School of Journalism. At the age of 21, he left Franco's Spain for Paris, where he was to remain in exile for some 20 years. Although his original intention was to be a journalist rather than a painter, he saw painting as the most accessible and effective medium for his main aim, which was political militancy. He taught himself to paint, but this was made easier by the fact that it was not so much any possible aesthetic dimension to the work that interested him, but rather its immediate intelligibility and the power of the image. He brought together a mixture of techniques to create the effective image. Collage in its various forms was a constant feature of his style. In his early work, he often turned to what was then called 'Modification': that is, taking either a genuine picture from a second-hand shop, or a reproduction (as in the case of a work by Goya, Velázquez or Miró), and superimposing pictorial additions to alter the meaning, generally with the aim of being controversial and often humorous as well. He rapidly became a master of minimalist techniques, and soon began to exhibit at group shows. Some of these early shows were at the traditional exhibition centres, such as the Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui and the Salon de Mai. He was an influential member of the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, where he exhibited from 1960 onwards, and his exhibitions there between 1964 and 1969 (with Aillaud and Récalcati) triggered militant activity that led to a temporary change in the group's name....

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1892, in Barcelona; died 11 December 1980, in Barcelona.

Sculptor, potter, enameller (ceramics).

Josep Artigas, educated at the Escuela de Artes y Oficios in Barcelona, wrote a treatise on Ancient Egyptian enamel. Although he showed his own ceramic sculptures, he collaborated with Braque, Dufy and (above all) his friend Miró in their pottery, and as an individual he was overshadowed by them. It is true that Joan Miró emphasized the part Artigas played in the creation of his works, declaring them to be the result of a genuine collaboration, but Braque and Dufy claimed most of the credit for themselves....

Article

Marco Livingstone

American sculptor and painter . He studied art in 1949–50 under Amédée Ozenfant in New York. During the 1950s he designed and made furniture in New York, but after a fire that destroyed most of the contents of his shop in 1958 he turned again to art, initially painting abstract pictures derived from memories of the New Mexican landscape....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1897, in Étretat; died 1978.

Sculptor, engraver, decorative designer. Animals.

Charles Artus studied under the animal sculptor Edouard Navellier. He exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants, the Salon d'Automne, where he was a member, the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, where he still featured in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 July 1898, in Châteauroux; died 1 July 1970, in Chezal-Benoit (Cher).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes.

Robert Barriot studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in 1916 and was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 December 1871, in Kitzingen.

Sculptor. Busts, decorative schemes.

From 1891 to 1896, Baümler studied under the sculptor Gustav Kaupert at the art academy in Frankfurt am Main before travelling in Italy. In 1898 he settled again in Frankfurt, where he exhibited, showing in particular busts of prominent people. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 November 1927, in Amiens.

Sculptor. Busts, decorative schemes.

Pierre Bazin studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Amiens from 1942 to 1945, then at the private Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris, where he was taught by the painter Othon Friesz and the sculptor Marcel Gimond. As a stone-carver, he was awarded the title of 'Meilleur Ouvrier de France' (best craftsman in France). He was awarded distinctions in regional exhibitions in France, and produced many decorative motifs....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 30 June 1897, in Fleurus (Oran) Algeria; died 4 June 1981, in Marseilles.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Portraits, landscapes.

A pupil of Ernest Laurent, Belmonte also studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited with the Salon des Artistes Français in ...