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Article

Native American (Choctaw), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Phoenix.

Beadworker, painter, fashion designer, glass artist , performance artist.

Marcus Amerman is a distinguished Choctaw artist who works in a number of media and in performance (as a figure called ‘Buffalo Man’) but is best known for creating his own approach to the Native American tradition of beadworking. Amerman has a BA in Fine Art from Whitman College in Walla Walla, Washington, and also studied at the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe and the Anthropology Film Center. He lives and works north of Santa Fe. Amerman uses a highly mimetic style in his beadwork to recreate, and hence reclaim, Indian images from history, as in his beaded version of the famous D.F. Barry photograph, ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1909, in Dijon; died 6 December 1996, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman. Wall decorations, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1930, Bertholle studied in Paris from 1932-1934, and subsequently attended classes run by the painter Roger Bissière at the Académie Ranson, where he met his friends and associates Manessier, Etienne-Martin, Le Moal and Véra Pagava. He was artistic director of the Gien porcelain factory from 1943-1957, and taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1965-1980. He was a member of the Institut de France, a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur and a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Initially an admirer of Puvis de Chavannes, whose work he had encountered at the city museum in Lyons, Bertholle later discovered Manet (at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1932), and through the latter, Van Gogh and Renoir. Following his early, highly-coloured Expressionist period, Bertholle was greatly influenced by the Flemish fantasies of Breughel and Heironymus Bosch, and ultimately by the Surrealists - as may be seen in his painting of the ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Painter. Designs for stained glass, stage costumes and sets.

Francine Ledieu's figuration is deliberately sketchy, with unfinished brushstrokes and plays on the contrast of lights and shade.

She first exhibited in 1951 at the Salon du Vexin. Solo exhibitions include: Maison Mansart, Paris (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 4 February 1881, in Argentan; died 18 August 1955, in Gif-sur-Yvette.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, ceramicist, illustrator, mosaicist, designer, film producer. Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, stage sets, stage costumes.

Puteaux Group, Section d’Or, Association of Revolutionary Writers and Artists, Espace...

Article

Juliana Nedeva-Wegener

(b Kazanlŭk, Feb 19, 1897; d Sofia, Jan 25, 1927).

Bulgarian painter, stage designer, printmaker and stained-glass designer. At the time of his graduation in 1925 from the National Academy of Arts, Sofia, he had already had three successful solo exhibitions in which his interest in decorative paintings of ethnic themes was already apparent. He continued to work in a rather avant-garde style, painting Bulgarian folk themes that avoided the excesses of academic realism and ethnographic detail. He worked in a wide variety of media, executing figure compositions, portraits and landscapes that depict the romance and fantasy of Bulgarian folklore and mythology, as in St Elijah (distemper and ink, 1923; Sofia, priv. col.), a Rebec-player (watercolour, 1924; Sofia, N.A.G.) and Shepherds (India ink, 1926; Sofia, N.A.G.). He also painted frescoes and designed stained glass. In 1926, after returning from Italy and Austria, he held a further exhibition in Sofia and worked as senior scene-painter at the National Theatre (Naroden Teatâr Ivan Vazov) in Sofia, a position he held until his death in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in Israel from 1912.

Born 13 November 1893, in Galati; died 1974, in Tel Aviv.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (wood), lithographer. Figures, portraits, self-portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, animals. Murals, stage costumes and sets, designs for stained glass...

Article

Danish, 20th century, female.

Born c. 1945.

Painter, designer, designer, scenographer. Murals, designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, stage costumes and sets, painted glass.

Born to an artist family, Naja Salto started out as a stage designer in Danish theatres. These beginnings accustomed her to large formats. Using various techniques - oil on canvas, tapestry, mosaic, stained glass, painted glass - she has displayed a fertile talent as a decorative artist in a range of styles, though floral and marine ornamental motifs are recurrent....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1919 and naturalised in France from 1947.

Born 11 February 1909, in Warneton (Flanders); died 5 May 1984, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Stage costumes and sets, murals, designs for mosaics, tapestries, and stained glass windows.

Gustave Singier's childhood was spent in war-torn Belgium under the German occupation. His father was a cabinet-maker and his mother a weaver. He started to paint in 1923, at the age of 14. He studied for three years at the École Boulle before going on to work (until 1936) as an interior architectural draughtsman and furniture designer, while painting in his free time. He met the painter Charles Walch, who encouraged him in his work and opened his eyes to his own potential as an artist painting from nature. He taught at the Académie Ranson in Paris from 1951 to 1954, then at the École des Beaux-Arts from 1967 to 1978....

Article

Romanian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 5 June 1946, in Bucharest.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Icons, frescoes, stage costumes and sets, designs for stained glass.

Michel Stoenesco de Pontbriant is the son of Grégoire and the great-nephew of Eustache Grégoire. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts of Romania and taught Byzantine art at Helsinki between ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in Switzerland and in France.

Born 24 March 1907, in St Petersburg; died 16 May 1989, in Geneva.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits, circus scenes, landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, stage costumes and sets, cartoons...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 December 1896, in Paris; died 7 March 1988, in Paris.

Pastellist, painter (including gouache/mixed media), draughtsman, designer. Animals. Designs for stained glass, stage costumes and sets.

Art Deco.

In 1913, Gaston Suisse studied at the school of decorative arts in Paris, where he learned the craft of lacquering. In 1920, he was taught by Paul Renouard, David, Albert d'Ys and Kruber. He was a friend of the decorative artist Dunand and of Jouve, Trémont, Sandoz, Petersen and Guyot, with whom he participated in all the major salons. He was awarded the Puvis de Chavannes prize in 1936. He executed decorative works for the Alhambra of Algiers in 1925, for the Galeries Lafayette's Pavillon de la Maîtrise and for the reception hall of the Conseil Municipal de Paris. He designed theatrical sets for the Paris Opéra and costumes for the Comédie-Française. He also produced fabric designs for Madame Duchesne, cartoons for stained glass windows for Grubber and a number of lacquered decorative panels for such celebrated individuals as Jansen, Straub, Ruhlmann and Boyer. He also produced many pencil, charcoal and pastel life drawings of animals which show a great understanding of animals and which he then executed in lacquer....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 6 February 1923, in Paris; died 31 August 1981, in Amiens.

Painter, designer, scenographer. Figures. Murals, church decoration, stage costumes and sets, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

Watteau Group.

Florence Tournon-Branly studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris between ...

Article

Lija Skalska-Miecik

(b Kraków, Jan 15, 1869; d Kraków, Nov 28, 1907).

Polish painter, pastellist, decorative artist, illustrator, writer and theatre director . He was the son of the Kraków sculptor Franciszek Wyspiański (1836–1902) and studied at the Kraków School of Fine Arts, mostly under Władysław Łuszczkiewicz (1828–1900) and Jan Matejko. In 1889 Wyspiański and Józef Mehoffer, the school’s most talented students, were appointed to complete Matejko’s painted decorations for St Mary, Kraków, a task that prompted Wyspiański’s interest in both decorative painting and stained glass. In 1890 he travelled in Italy, Switzerland, France and Germany, and also to Prague. In 1891 he continued his training in Paris, where he remained with intervals until 1894, studying at the Académie Colarossi under Joseph Blanc, Gustave Courtois (1852–1924) and Louis Auguste Girardot (b 1858). Wyspiański also worked independently in Paris, studying paintings in the museums and fascinated by contemporary art. Through Władysław Ślewiński, he met Paul Gauguin and members of the Nabis....

Article

Julia Robinson

(b Bern, ID, Oct 13, 1935).

American composer. Young was an exponent of experimental “drone” music and an originator of Minimalism (whose diverse practitioners include Terry Riley, Steve Reich and Philip Glass). Educated at the University of California, Los Angeles (1957–8), he completed his graduate studies in composition at the University of California, Berkeley. An avid and talented jazz musician, Young performed with legendary figures Ornette Coleman and Don Cherry. In 1959, he attended Summer Courses at Darmstadt, the center of New Music, taking advanced composition with Karlheinz Stockhausen. There he discovered the work of John Cage and met Cage’s great interpreter David Tudor, who put Young in contact with Cage. Back in California, Young presented Cage’s work, adopting some of his radical strategies in his own music. A landmark Young composition of this period is Poem for Tables, Chairs, Benches, etc. (1960), a piece of indeterminate duration.

In 1960 Young moved to New York and galvanized a receptive circle of Cage-inspired artists and composers. Young’s most significant contribution to this milieu were his ...