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Article

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 30 September 1932, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, potter. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stained glass windows.

Nathalie Chabrier studied at the École des Arts Appliqués and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She married Roger Forissier. She has worked mostly in decorative arts, notably in stained glass windows, tapestry, ceramics and murals. She has received various prizes, including the state art prize in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Heverlee; died 1995.

Painter, screen printer, sculptor, potter. Designs for stained glass.

Jan Cobbaert was a pupil at the fine arts academies in Louvain and in Brussels, and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1937. He became a professor at the Louvain academy. Cobbaert executed monumental works using different techniques, and the fact that he was active in so many areas may have prevented him from discovering his true field of expertise....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 March 1912, in St-Étienne; died 5 December 1995, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, medallist. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, frescoes, ceramics.

Jacques Despierre entered the studio of Lucien Simon at the École Nationale Superieur des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, female.

Active in Argentina from 1940 and in France from 1961; naturalised in 1981 in France.

Born 27 November 1923, in Bucharest.

Painter, engraver, ceramicist, collage artist. Figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Neo-Constructivism, Symbolism.

Simona Ertan took classes in drawing, painting and linoleum engraving in Bucharest from 1934 to 1940. At the end of 1940 she left with her family for Argentina and settled in Buenos Aires. There, while continuing to paint, she took classes in aesthetics and pottery. In 1950, her encounter with Picasso's ...

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in Turnov.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, ceramicist. Designs for stained glass.

Group 42.

Jan Kotik was a pupil of the school of arts and crafts in Prague from 1935 to 1941. He took part in the activities of Group 42...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 31 December 1923, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver (wood), potter. Religious subjects, landscapes. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Quadriga Group.

After his studies in classics, Heinz Kreutz learned photography. Called up for service in World War II in ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 November 1876, in Utrecht; died 1958, in Blaricum-Amsterdam.

Painter, potter, lithographer. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Groups: De Stijl, Abstraction-Création.

Bart van der Leck started out working for various glassmakers in his native Utrecht before going on to attend the college of industrial arts (where he studied under A.J. van der Kinderen) and then the royal academy of fine arts in Amsterdam. He lived in Amersfoort ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, potter. Figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

Louttre B. was in the difficult position of being the son of the famous artist Bissière. In an effort to disguise his origins, he adopted the nickname Louttre, which had been given to him by his parents, for use in his work as an artist. He spent his youth in the company of his parents' friends, including Braque, Henri Laurens and Latapie, whose daughter Laure he later married, and the recently formed group at the Académie Ranson where Bissière taught. He learned to paint as a matter of course while he was growing up. He was active in Paris and Boissièrettes....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Lamballe; died 22 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, potter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, designer. Genre scenes, animals, landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, designs for glazed earthenware.

Méheut studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Rennes from 1898 and subsequently enrolled at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and followed the courses of Eugène Grasset at the École Normale d'Enseignement du Dessin. In 1914, he set off on a world trip which enabled him to paint in Hawaii and in Japan, but which he had to abandon following the call for general mobilisation for World War I. During the war, he fought on the front in Artois and in Argonne and drew the daily life of his comrades, published as ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Herent; died 1977, in Kraainem.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, potter. Harbour scenes. Designs for stained glass.

Cap d'Encre group.

René Mels studied at the Académie des Beaux Arts in Louvain and the Hoger Intituut voor Beeldende Kunsten in Antwerp, and was a member of the ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 December 1881, in Eckersbach, near Zwickau (Silesia), Germany; died 25 June 1955, in Berlin, Germany.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, potter, draughtsman. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, still-lifes, landscapes, seascapes. Designs for mosaics, stained glass windows...

Article

Portuguese, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1963.

Born 1926, in Lisbon.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, ceramicist, illustrator. Designs for stained glass, tapestries.

A graduate of the school of decorative arts in Lisbon, Julio Pomar worked in the art colleges of Lisbon and Paris. He was originally influenced by Socialist Realism, especially by Portinari. A virtuoso graphic artist, his realism excels in the curlicues of a decorative style exaggerated to the point of being non-representational. He has illustrated Cervantes's ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 8 July 1928, in Firminy; died 23 September 1959, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, ceramicist, designer. Murals, designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics.

Bernard Pomey came to painting by chance during an illness. He attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris after his recovery, then the Centre d'Art Sacré ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....