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Article

Turkish, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 29 May 1868, in Constantinople (now Istanbul); died 23 August 1944, in Paris.

Painter and collector. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Abdul-Medjid was the son of Sultan Abdülaziz, and later Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph. He was taught painting by Fausto Zonaro, an Italian artist who worked in the Ottoman court ...

Article

Indian, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in either Kishoreganj or Mymensingh (both now in Bangladesh); died 28 May 1976, in Dhaka.

Draughtsman, engraver, painter, printmaker.

Zainul Abedin studied at the government school of arts and crafts in Calcutta (now Kolkata) from 1933 to 1938, and was later a teacher there. His work first came to be noticed when he produced a series of drawings of the Bengal Famine of ...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

American historian of Iranian art. While studying mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, Ackerman met and eventually married Arthur Upham Pope, with whom she had taken courses in philosophy and aesthetics. In 1926 she and Pope organized the first ever exhibition of Persian art at the Pennsylvania Museum and helped create the First International Congress of Oriental Art. In ...

Article

Agano  

Richard L. Wilson

Japanese region in Buzen Province (now part of Fukuoka Prefect.), northern Kyushu, where stonewares were manufactured at various sites from c. 1600 (see also Japan, §IX, 3, (i), (d)).

The first potter to make Agano ware was the Korean master Chon’gye (Jap. Sonkai; ...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

Turkish painter. In 1859 he became an assistant teacher of painting at the Military Medical High School in Istanbul. In 1864 Sultan Abdülaziz (reg 1861–76) sent him to Paris where, after a preparatory education at a special Ottoman school, he studied painting in the studio of ...

Article

Indian, 20th century, male.

Born 1920; died 1990.

Painter.

Sultan Ali studied for a diploma in painting at the Government college of arts and crafts in Madras (now Chennai) from 1939 to 1945; he then enrolled in 1946 at the Government Textile Institute in the same town to study textile design. He worked first as a senior instructor at the Government College of Arts and Crafts in Madras in ...

Article

Syrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Hama.

Painter. Figures, scenes with figures. Stage sets.

Symbolism.

Group of Ten.

Khouzayma Alwani trained at the academy of fine art in Rome in 1957 and received his diploma as a theatre artist in 1964. In 1973, he was awarded another diploma, this time from the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He has been Professor at the school of fine arts in Damascus since ...

Article

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Tokyo; died 1912.

Painter. Portraits.

Nakataro Ando was a pupil of Takahashi Yuichi. He was a director of the Tenkai Gakusha school and had many disciples. Later he founded the Hakuba-kai (Institute of Western Painting) with Kuroda Seiki and others. He painted mainly portraits. In ...

Article

Ismeth Raheem

Ceylonese photographer. His family had practised photography for three generations. His grandfather, Adolphus Wilhelmus Andree (b 1799), was one of the early pioneers of daguerreotypy in Ceylon, and his father, Adolphus William Andree, had a flourishing photographic business between the 1860s and 1880s with studios in the capital Colombo and the provincial towns of Jaffna, Galle and Matara. At 18, he was already working as an apprentice in the studio of an American photographer at Chatham Street, Colombo, using the ferrotype process (...

Article

Turkish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 6 October 1920, in Istanbul.

Painter.

Hakki Anli was a student at Istanbul’s school of fine art until 1942, moving to Paris in 1946. His early work was of the realist genre, but he was later influenced by Picasso’s cubist art and abstract art. His painting was thus solidly based on a cubist infrastructure but gradually became freer in time....

Article

Margo Machida

American printmaker and installation artist. Born and raised in New York City, Arai, a third-generation Japanese American printmaker, mixed-media artist, public artist and cultural activist, studied art at the Philadelphia College of Art and The Printmaking Workshop in New York. Since the 1970s, her diverse projects have ranged from individual works to large-scale public commissions (...

Article

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Tokyo.

Born 1872; died 1944.

Painter.

Juppo Araki received an honourable mention at the 1900 Paris Exposition Universelle .

Article

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1831; died 1915.

Painter. Animals, flowers.

Araki Kampo was a painter in the Western style who specialised in flowers and birds. He was active in Tokyo, where he taught at the Imperial School of Arts in Tokyo and was a member of the Art Committee of the Imperial Household. He won a silver medal at the ...

Article

Born 1857; died 1931

Japanese, 19th–20th century, male.

Active in Tokyo.

Painter. Landscapes.

Tanrei Araki exhibited his work at the 1900 Paris Exposition Universelle.

2009, Faszination des Fremden: China, Japan, Europa, Hetjens, Museum, Deutsches Kera­mikmuseum, Düsseldorf

Reading, PA (Reading Public Museum)

Article

Robert Buerglener

Architecture and the automobile have been intimately connected since the late 19th century. The attributes of cars required specific architectural solutions for manufacture, sales, and service. On a broader level, the overall built environment was forever changed by roadside structures designed to meet the needs of drivers....

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in The Hague.

Born 9 June 1864, in Surabaya (Dutch East Indies); died 1925.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers.

Floris Arntzenius studied at the art academies in Amsterdam and Antwerp, and painted mostly urban street scenes. He exhibited in Berlin in ...

Article

Japanese, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1856, in Chiba Prefecture; died 1907.

Painter. Landscapes.

Chu Asai was a pupil of Kunisawa Shinkuro and studied with Antonio Fontanesi at the Tokyo School of Fine Art, where he later became a teacher. He also taught at the Kyoto Higher School of Design....

Article

Aya Louisa McDonald

Japanese painter . He was the leading Western-style (Yōga; see Japan, §VI, 5, (iv)) landscape painter of the Meiji period (1868–1912) and one of the founder-members of the Meiji Bijutsukai (Meiji Fine Arts Society, established 1889; later absorbed into the Taiheiyō Gakai [Pacific Painting Society]), the first association of Western-style painters in Japan. Asai was born into a samurai family retained by the Sakura clan. He was originally trained in Japanese bird-and-flower painting (...

Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Capital city of Turkmenistan. Lying in an oasis south of the Karakum Desert, the city was founded in 1881 on the site of a mountain village (Rus. aul). Linked by rail with the Caspian coast in 1885, it developed rapidly as the center of the Transcaspian region at the turn of the 20th century and became the capital of the Turkmen republic in ...

Article

Matico Josephson

American multi-ethnic arts organization based in New York’s Chinatown. The Asian American Arts Centre (AAAC) and its predecessors, the Asian American Dance Theatre (1974–93) and the Asian Arts Institute (1981–8), emerged from the milieu of the Basement Workshop, the first working group of the Asian American Movement on the East Coast, whose mouthpiece was the journal ...