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Article

Flemish, 16th century, male.

Sculptor.

Flemish School.

Pierre Aerts was one of the representatives of Renaissance art. Around 1540 he produced the monumental door which is located on the east side of the Fortress of Bruges.

Article

Samo Štefanac

Dalmatian sculptor and architect of Albanian birth. Although he is recorded in 1435 at Zadar as a pupil of Marco di Pietro da Troia, his most important artistic influence was the Late Gothic style of Giorgio da Sebenico, with whom he worked in 1445 on Šibenik Cathedral and in ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time....

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Milan.

Architect, sculptor.

Battagio designed the Renaissance gateway of Palazzo Landi in Piacenza, now the city's courthouse. He was also involved in the construction and sculptural decoration of the church of S Maria Incoronata in Lodi. Some biographers believe him to be the same person as a Giovanni da Lodi mentioned in ...

Article

Vincent Mayr

German family of sculptors. Liedke (1987) has established that there were three Augsburg sculptors of the same name, of whom Hans Beierlein the elder (c. 1460–1508) was the most important. He probably took over the workshop of his father, Hanns Peurlin (...

Article

Adriano Ghisetti Giavarina

Italian sculptor and architect. He was active in Romagna and the Marches, working in a transitional style between Gothic and Renaissance, influenced by Venetian taste. His first known work is the signed, but undated low stone relief depicting the Lion of St Mark (c....

Article

Fernando Marías

Spanish architect and sculptor. Recognized as an innovator by his contemporaries, he was one of the most important members of the first generation of Spanish Renaissance architects, who proved able to develop from the Gothic and plateresque styles prevalent in the first decades of the 16th century to the purest unornamented style ultimately inspired by Sebastiano Serlio. His artistic evolution was not the result of a direct knowledge of Italian art but was acquired from the treatise literature and from the suggestions of other Spanish architects who, unlike him, had travelled to Italy....

Article

Maria Cristina Chiusa

Italian sculptor and architect, sometimes confused with Andrea (di Piero) Ferrucci (1465–1526), who was also known as Andrea da Fiesole. The only work that can definitely be attributed to the earlier of the two sculptors is the tomb of Bartolomeo da Saliceto (...

Article

Giovanna Cassese

Italian sculptor. He is probably identical with Andrea di Onofrio, also called Andrea Nofri. In Neapolitan documents he is also called Andrea Ciccione. In 1419 he was documented as executing a coat of arms over the door of the lodgings of Pope Martin V in the cloister of S Maria Novella, Florence. In ...

Article

Kim W. Woods

South Netherlandish sculptor. The name de Rouppy suggests that he was born in the village of Roupy, near Saint-Quentin in the region of Cambrai. He is first documented among the stone-carvers working on the spire of Cambrai Cathedral in 1375–6. In 1386–7 he was paid a salary of 15 francs a month by ...

Article

J. Steyaert

Netherlandish sculptor, active in France. He was the nephew and follower of Claus Sluter. From his arrival in Dijon in December 1396 he was principal assistant to his uncle on the monumental Calvary group, the Moses Well, commissioned by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, for the cloister of the Charterhouse in Champmol near Dijon. After Sluter’s death in ...

Article

J. Steyaert

South Netherlandish sculptor. He was paid in 1428 for carving a life-size stone Annunciation group, painted by Robert Campin for St Pierre, Tournai (Tournai, Mus. B.-A., on dep. from Ste Marie-Madeleine; heads and colour restored). This group is the earliest example of the Late Gothic style that was to dominate the sculpture of the Netherlands and most of Europe for the following century. The dramatization of the theme in terms of organic movement and abrupt discontinuity of angular drapery rhythms has a direct parallel in contemporary paintings. No other works by the sculptor have survived in Tournai, but a number of later Tournaisian sculptures appear to reflect lost works by Delemer. Among these are several wood sculptures, including a ...

Article

Steven Bule

Italian sculptor and architect. First mentioned in 1392, he was paid for executing a frieze in Siena Cathedral in 1398. Between 1407 and 1425 he served as capomaestro of the workshop at Orvieto Cathedral. He made the octagonal cover for the baptismal font and also worked on the Cappella Nuova in the cathedral. Sano’s individual style is difficult to isolate, since he often worked in collaboration with other Sienese masters. On ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active in Segovia.

Sculptor.

Bartolomeo Fernández made the double-tier Renaissance stalls for the monastery of S Jeronimo del Paral near Segovia. Of the upper tier, 26 seats are now integrated into the choir stalls of the church of San Francisco el Grande at Madrid, while another 17 of this tier and 28 of the lower tier are in the Museo Nacional Arqueológico in Madrid....

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born 16th century, in Saragossa.

Sculptor (wood).

In Segovia, José Ferreras sculpted the Renaissance high altar of the church of S Miguel.

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Active in Valladolid.

Born c. 1526.

Sculptor.

A close friend of Berruguete, Lucas Formente collaborated with him on a number of works, yet does not appear to have been affected in any way by the Renaissance ideals which transformed art. Martí y Monzó notes that many talented sculptors bore the name of Formente, but that Damián was the only one to have embraced the Renaissance....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active in Poland.

Sculptor, architect.

Francesco, the first Renaissance artist in Poland, worked from 1502 to 1509 for the prince Sigismund Jagiello, later Sigismund I, king of Poland. The Funeral Monument of King Jan Albert of Poland in the cathedral in Cracow is attributed to him. He is not to be confused with Francesco della Lora of Florence, also called Franciscus Italus, who was the architect at the court of King Sigismund....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active in Spain.

Of Florentine origin.

Sculptor.

From 1520 to 1522, working with Martin Milanes, Francisco sculpted the marble baptismal fonts for Granada Cathedral in the Italian Renaissance style. These fonts are now in the 'Sagrario' parish church.

Article

Eva Zimmermann

Sculptor, probably of Netherlandish origin. Although his known works span scarcely a decade, his innovative handling of traditional themes and his treatment of mass and space made him one of the most influential sculptors in late 15th-century Germany.

Gerhaert is first recorded in Trier, where he signed the tomb of Jakob von Sierck, Archbishop of Trier, in ...

Article

Franz Bischoff

German architect and sculptor. He was one of the most important architects of the generation following the Parler family. His work in Frankfurt and the middle Rhine Valley exerted a lasting influence on the Late Gothic architecture and architectural sculpture of the early 15th century, extending over a wide area. His style was influenced by the formal vocabulary of the Parlers, and he ranks as an important exponent of the ...