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Article

Flemish, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born in Brussels.

Engraver, draughtsman, jeweller.

Flemish School.

Franz Aspruck was probably a pupil of R. Spranger. A number of plates by Aspruck, bearing the initials F. A., survive: 13 plates after Agostino Caracci and a small allegorical depiction of ...

Article

Alfonso Rodríguez Ceballos

(b Florence, Oct 31, 1604; d Madrid, July 1657).

Italian painter, draughtsman, engineer and stage designer, active also in central Europe and Spain . He was a pupil of Giovanni Bilivert from 1612 to 1620 and studied with Giulio Parigi. In 1622 he went to Vienna as assistant to Giovanni Pieroni da Galliano and thence to Prague, where he decorated the chapel (1630) with frescoes with scenes from the Life of St Wenceslas and the Life of the Virgin, the Knight’s Hall (destr.; rest. 1853) with ceiling frscoes including Albrecht von Wallenstein as Mars, and he worked on other parts of the Wallenstein Palace (see Prague, §IV, 7). He is documented in 1625 in Florence, where he became a teacher of perspective drawing. In 1626–7 the Medici employed him as military engineer at the fortress at Livorno; here, with Stefano della Bella, he drew harbour and river scenes (e.g. Peasants Waiting on a Quay, Florence, Uffizi). Baccio executed frescoes in Florentine palazzi, and his contributions to the decoration of the Casa Buonarotti include three ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Engraver, jeweller.

Jean-Charles Chéron was brother to Henri and father to the medallist Charles-Jean Chéron. He worked in Nancy for Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine.

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active in Strasbourg.

Draughtsman. Costume studies.

Article

Fabian Stein

(b Biberbach, Dec 26, 1664; d Dresden, March 6, 1731).

German goldsmith and jeweller. He was one of the most famous goldsmiths of his time, and almost all his works are in the Grünes Gewölbe, Dresden. After his training in Ulm he travelled as a journeyman to Augsburg, Nuremberg and Vienna. He is first recorded in Dresden in 1692. His two brothers, the enameller Georg Friedrich Dinglinger (1666–1720) and the jeweller Georg Christoph Dinglinger (1668–1728), are documented as active there in 1693; they remained his closest collaborators, particularly Georg Friedrich.

From the beginning of his career, Johann Melchior Dinglinger worked for Frederick-Augustus I of Saxony, even before the latter became Elector in 1694. The jewellery produced for Frederick-Augustus’s coronation as King Augustus II of Poland (also known as Augustus the Strong) in 1697 was Dinglinger’s first important commission. In 1698 he was appointed Court Jeweller, and all his projects were personally supervised by the King. In the late 17th century and early 18th Dinglinger probably produced most of the jewellery for the court: almost all the orders of chivalry and military decorations came from his workshop, including those in emeralds and diamonds for the revived Polish Order of the Knights of the White Eagle. Various designs for banquets for the King are also kept in the Grünes Gewölbe....

Article

British, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1547, in Exeter; died c. 1619, in London.

Miniaturist, jeweller.

Nicholas Hilliard, the son of a goldsmith, was apprenticed to his father's trade but preferred the art of the miniature. In 1570 his name appears on the register of the Goldsmiths' Company, and he became miniaturist and goldsmith to Queen Elizabeth I, of whom he painted a number of portraits, including one which shows her covered with jewels depicted in detail - he was, after all, a jeweller. He may have visited France and perhaps met Ronsard. In ...

Article

Bohemian, 17th century, male.

Born 23 July 1607, in Prague; died 25 March 1677, in London.

Engraver, reproductions engraver, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator. Historical subjects, portraits, urban landscapes, landscapes, animals, costume studies. Maps.

Bohemian School.

Wenceslaus Hollar was the son of a clerk at the court of justice in Prague, and his family intended him to take up a legal career. However, he left Prague in 1627 and settled in Frankfurt, where he became a pupil of Matthaus Merian the Elder, from whom he learned the art of cartography. He travelled across Germany, making numerous drawings and engravings of the towns he visited. After stays in Strasbourg, Frankfurt and Mainz, he met the Earl of Arundel, English ambassador to Ferdinand III, in Cologne and returned with him to Prague. From there he accompanied him to Vienna and finally to England, where he arrived in 1637....

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Painter. Local figures, local scenes, costume studies.

Georges de La Chappelle came from Caen. He was active between 1638 and 1648. He accompanied the French ambassadors to the sultan of Constantinople, where he produced portraits of this king's most famous favourites, which were published in ...

Article

Dutch, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1555, in Utrecht; died 1613 or 1614, in Prague.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, medallist, goldsmith, jeweller.

Munich School, Prague School.

Paulus van Vianen was the pupil of his father Willem Ezestensz. van Vianen, a medal maker and goldsmith, and of Cornelius Flertz or Elertz. He first travelled to Florence and then came to Munich in 1596 where he became a master in 1599. He was appointed jeweller to Emperor Rudolph II....

Article

Dutch, 17th century, male.

Died 1616, in Amsterdam.

Painter, jeweller.