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Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Active from 1511 to 1540.

Born in Sassoferrato (Ancona); died, in Cupramontana (Ancona).

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects.

Many of Pietro Paolo Agabiti's paintings decorate the churches of his native town. Santa Maria del Piano has a Virgin with St Catherine and St John the Baptist...

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born c. 1474, in Bologna; died 1552, in Bologna.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits. Miniatures.

Bolognese School.

Amico Aspertini was the younger brother of Guido Aspertini. He studied with E. Roberti Grandi and Lorenzo Costa but appears to have developed his style mainly from visiting the great art centres of Italy. From ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1493, in Florence; died 1560, in Florence.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions. Sculpted groups, monuments.

Florentine School.

Bartolommeo Bandinelli, or Baccio, was the son of Michelangelo di Viviano, one of Florence's finest goldsmiths; it was under his father's direction that he learned to draw. Like his father, he enjoyed the patronage of the Medicis. A meeting with Piloto led him to develop a more artistic approach to his studies as, together, the two young men copied the finest works in Florence and Prato. Baccio made wax copies of a number of works by Donatello and Verrocchio. His father then sent him to train under the sculptor Francesco Rustici. Leonardo da Vinci who met the young artist at this time gave him valuable advice, encouraging him to study Donatello more than any other artist. Vasari accuses Bandinelli of taking advantage of the revolution that resulted from the return of the Medicis to Florence in 1512 to deface Michelangelo's cartoon of the Pisa war. In 1515 he was commissioned to execute a ...

Article

Flemish, 15th century, male.

Active in Mechelen from 1403 to 1443.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects.

Flemish School.

Jan van Battel produced paintings, statues, flags, oriflammes, banners and many other kinds of ornament. It is known that in 1437 he painted a St Veronica surrounded by angels for the town hall in Mechelen and another painting for the Tuchhalle in Antwerp. In ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Pisa.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Battista di Gerio was the son of the sculptor Gerio di Giovanni. A painting of the Virgin and Child Surrounded by Four Saints, in the church at Camaiore, is attributed to him; it is signed: ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born in Nuremberg; died, in Frankfurt.

Painter, sculptor, engraver (etching/burin/wood), draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, military subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, animals.

Nuremberg School.

Elder brother of Barthel Beham, Hans Sebald Beham is said to have been instructed by Albrecht Dürer, whose influence he certainly shows. He was also influenced by the work of Albrecht Altdorfer. Like his brother, Hans Sebald was already producing works when very young. In ...

Article

Italian, 14th – 15th century, male.

Born 1373, probably in Florence; died 6 May 1452, in Florence.

Painter, fresco artist, sculptor. Religious subjects.

Florentine School.

From 1420 onwards, Bicci di Lorenzo undertook many commissions for noble families and frescoes and decorations for chapels in S Lucia dei Bardi, S Marco and the Trinità. In ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born shortly before 1536, in Cremona; died c. 1591.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Antonio Campi was the son of Galeazzo and brother of Giulio and Vincenzo Campi. He worked first with his father and later at the studio of his brother Giulio. Before moving to Milan in 1561 he had worked in many different towns, notably Piacenza, Lodi, Brescia, Mantua, Cremona and Rome....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born 1538, in Cordova; died 28 July 1608, in Cordova.

Painter, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, portraits.

School of Cordova.

Pablo de Céspedes initially studied theology, then Oriental languages. He began painting during a trip to Rome, under the direction of one of Michelangelo's pupils. While he was in Rome he painted a number of frescoes in various chapels, which were so successful that he was nicknamed the 'Spanish Raphael'. He was offered a canonicate in his home town and returned to Cordova in 1575 or 1577, before settling there permanently after a second trip to Rome in 1583. It was there that he painted his ...

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born c. 1470, in Crema; died 1544.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects.

Lombard School, Venetian School.

Vincenzo Civerchio the Elder is said to be of the Venetian School. He worked in Crema, and also spent a long time in Brescia. His works in the former cathedral of Brescia have disappeared without trace, but his ...

Article

Spanish, 16th century, male.

Born probably, in Valladolid; died 10 February 1565, in Toledo.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects, portraits.

Francisco de Comontes was the son of Inigo Comontes and the nephew of Antonio de Comontes. Between 1541 and 1552 he worked on scenes from the ...

Article

French, 15th century, male.

Sculptor, painter. Religious subjects. Decorative schemes.

From 1462 to 1481 Jacquet Cordonnier II worked for Troyes Cathedral, carving, among other things, Cain and Abel for the porch, and figures of angels, St Peter, and a crucifix for a reliquary. In 1486...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1522, probably in Sens (Yonne); died c. 1594, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Fontainebleau School.

Jean Cousin the Younger was a pupil of his father Jean Cousin the Elder and worked for most of his life in Sens....

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born possibly 1459, in Florence; died 1537, in Florence.

Painter, sculptor. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Florentine School.

Credi's date of birth has been established from a tax declaration made by his mother between 1480 and 1481, which states that he was 21 years old. There is also an inscription on the back of the self-portrait in the Widener Collection in Philadelphia, which gives his age as 32 in 1488. However, this inscription comes later and should be given less credence....

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1530, in Perugia; died 1576, in Perugia.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble/cast iron/clay), draughtsman, goldsmith, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Groups, statues, low reliefs.

Vincenzo Danti was the brother of Girolamo and Egnazio Danti. He worked initially in the goldsmiths' trade, in whose guild he enrolled in ...

Article

Flemish School, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1403; died c. 1468-1470.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits. Designs for tapestries.

Tournai School.

He was the son of a Tournai sculptor. On 12 April 1427, with Rogier van der Weyden, he entered Robert Campin's workshop as a pupil. In ...

Article

French, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born in Le Mans; died 1644, in Le Mans.

Sculptor (terracotta/marble), painter. Religious subjects.

Gervais I Delabarre the Elder came from a long line of sculptors that extended from the late 16th century to the first few years of the 18th. Along with Charles Hoyau and Pierre Biardeau, Delabarre is regarded as one of the most important terracotta sculptors in the Le Mans region in the 17th century. Unfortunately, many of his works have disappeared. He made an ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Rouen.

Painter, sculptor.

Rouen School.

Doudemare produced an altarpiece in 1579 depicting the resurrection of Christ for the high altar of the Church of St-Nicaise in Rouen.