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Article

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

(b. Oakland, CA, 1893; d. Shiraz, Iran, 25 Jan. 1977).

American historian of Iranian art. While studying mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, Ackerman met and eventually married Arthur Upham Pope, with whom she had taken courses in philosophy and aesthetics. In 1926 she and Pope organized the first ever exhibition of Persian art at the Pennsylvania Museum and helped create the First International Congress of Oriental Art. In 1930 Ackerman was stricken with polio but taught herself to walk again. They were instrumental in preparing the 1931 Persian Art Exhibition at Burlington House, London, and the Second International Congress of Iranian Art and Archaeology, as well as the Third Congress in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) in 1935 and the exhibition of Iranian art at the Iranian Institute in New York in 1940. She visited Iran for the first time in 1964, when the shah of Iran invited Pope to revive the Asia Institute; it was associated with Pahlavi University in Shiraz until ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1807, in Sparta (New York); died 1844, in Sparta (New York).

Painter. History painting, religious subjects.

Frederick Style Agate was the elder brother of Alfred Agate and one of the first members of the National Academy of Design in New York. His paintings ...

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Painter.

E. Alkinson lived in Boston in the second half of the 19th century. She specialised in religious painting and exhibited at the Royal Academy in London in 1877.

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1779, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 1843, in Cambridge (Massachusetts).

Painter. Biblical subjects, literary subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Washington Allston was intended for a career in one of the professions and studied classics at Harvard. However, his Romantic artistic tastes took him over and he was deeply moved by Schiller and by Fuseli's illustrations to Boydell's ...

Article

Canadian, 19th century, male.

Born 2 November 1828, in St Andrews (New Brunswick); died 9 January 1901, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Portraits, religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

Bannister's father was form Barbados and his mother was Scottish. He was born in Canada right after slavery was abolished. He went to live in New York were he was a sailor and settled in Boston in ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1845; d 1908).

American interior decorator and founder of the first tapestry factory in the USA. He worked for Herter Brothers (see Herter, Christian) on the decoration of a series of grand houses, notably William H. Vanderbilt’s house on Fifth Avenue, New York, and William Welsh Harrison’s Grey Towers Castle (now part of Arcadia University) in Philadelphia. When the Vanderbilt house was completed in 1882, Christian Herter returned to Germany and Baumgarten took over the company. In 1891 he started his own company, William Baumgarten and Company, Inc., and in 1893 complemented his interior decoration business with a tapestry factory in his Fifth Avenue premises. He recruited weavers and dyers from the Royal Windsor Tapestry Manufactory (which had closed in 1890), including five weavers from the Foussadier family. The factory’s tapestries include one at Grey Towers (1898).

A Short Résumé of the History of Tapestry Making in the Past and Present...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1837, in Philadelphia; died 26 May 1879, in Philadelphia.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects, landscapes.

George Frederick Bensell studied painting in Philadelphia for three years with John Lamblin. He sometimes painted landscapes, but concentrated on biblical scenes. Among his biblical paintings are: ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1851, in Exeter (New Hampshire); died 1922, in St-Cloud (Hauts-de-Seine), France.

Painter, draughtswoman. Genre scenes, mythological scenes, religious scenes.

Elisabeth-Jeanne Gardner studied in Paris under the direction of William Adolphe Bouguereau and later became his wife. She took part in the Paris Salon of ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1834, in Malden (Massachusetts); died 1919, in Newton Upper Falls (Massachusetts).

Painter, sculptor. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, portraits, landscapes.

Darius Cobb was the twin brother of Cyrus Cobb. The works for which he is known include portraits of ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

American metalwork company established in Philadelphia in 1810 by Christian Cornelius, a silversmith who had emigrated from the Netherlands in 1783. He soon turned to the casting of bronze, and by 1825 he had become a lamp manufacturer. The company passed to Cornelius’s son Robert (1809–93), under whose management it became an important lighting business. The company made lamps and chandeliers, often finished in gold lacquer; it also made candlesticks, including the earliest documented American brass candlestick. The best known product of the company was the ...

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 23 July 1864, in South Dedham, Massachusetts; died 2 November 1933, in Norwood, Massachusetts.

Photographer, publisher. Portraits, nude studies, religious and mythological subjects.

The Linked Ring.

Pictorialism.

During the 1880s F. Holland Day worked for A.S. Barnes and Company booksellers in Boston and began experimenting with the camera. In 1893 he established, along with Herbert Copeland, the Copeland and Day publishing house, and over the course of the decade his photographic work flourished. In 1896 he began making pictures of male nudes, often highly accessorized and posed, and also pursued religious themes, culminating in 1898 with a series of 250 photographs of Day performing the life of Christ. Following this controversial pursuit, he organized a major exhibition of Pictorialist photography, ...

Article

American, 19th century, female.

Born 22 February 1847, in Philadelphia; died 8 January 1906, in Brighton.

Painter. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Sarah Dodson studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. She spent most of her life in Europe, notably in Paris in the 1880s where she was a pupil of Jules Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger at the Académie Julian. She exhibited at the Salons of Paris, Munich and Philadelphia....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1840, in Chicago; died 27 January 1912, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views, ruins, church interiors, interiors.

Charles Dyer began his career in the Navy and the diplomatic corps (he was consul in Bristol and then Beirut). He left the diplomatic corps to devote himself to painting under the guidance of L. Jacquesson de la Chavreuse in Paris. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Nashville (Tennessee); died 7 February 1951, in Nashville.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

William Edmondson was the son of former slaves who were emancipated following the Civil War, and grew up illiterate. He worked at various jobs, in particular, for the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St Louis Railroads until ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Britain from 1905, naturalised 1907.

Born 1880, in New York, to Russian-Polish parents; died 19 August 1959, in London.

Sculptor (including bronze/marble), painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, animals. Statues, monuments.

Vorticism.

London Group.

Jacob Epstein first studied at the Arts Students League in New York and then in 1902 moved to Paris and enrolled at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In Paris he met Rodin, and, by visiting the Louvre, became strongly attracted to non-European sculpture. In 1905 he settled in London. Epstein promoted a new approach to sculpture, following the 'direct' sculptural process in which no model or detailed maquette is used but which concentrates on respecting and bringing to life the material employed, preserving its texture and colour while bringing forth from the material, for example a block of stone, the physical power of the form. This 'truth to materials' would have a direct impact on younger generation of British sculptors, notably Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 February 1858, in Charlestown (Massachusetts); died 1937.

Painter, fresco artist. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects.

James William Fosdick was both a painter and writer, who studied at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School and at the Académie Julian in Paris under Gustave Boulanger, Jules Lebebvre and Raphael Collin. He specialised in frescoes and painted the subject of ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 11 February 1855, in Worcester (Massachusetts); died 1940, in Brookline (Massachusetts).

Painter, printmaker. Portraits, landscapes, religious subjects.

Ellen Day Hale was the only daughter of the theologian and writer, Rev. Edward Everett Hale. She was a pupil of Rimmer, W.M. Hunt and Helen M. Knowlton in Boston. She attended classes at the Pennsylvania Academy in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 18 October 1823, in Newton (Pennsylvania); died 1890.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, portraits.

>Thomas Hicks was a pupil of Couture in Paris. His works include a Death of Abel. He may have been the son of Edward Hicks....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1830, in Poestenkill (New York); died 1872, in Poestenkill.

Painter.

Joseph H. Hidley is known mainly for his panoramic landscapes of his town and some of the surrounding villages. He also painted several religious subjects. The innocent primitivism of his style places him among the American Naive painters of the 19th century....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in the Netherlands.

Born 29 September 1850, in Providence; died 2 August 1913, in Marken, the Netherlands.

Painter, watercolourist, illustrator. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, flowers, figures.

George Hitchcock, son of portrait painter Charles Hitchcock, received a law degree from Harvard University in ...