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Article

S. J. Vernoit

[Abū’l-Qāsim]

(fl c. 1816).

Persian painter. His only known work is a long composition depicting the Qajar monarch Fath ‛Ali Shah (reg 1797–1834) entertained by female musicians and dancers. The only surviving fragments of it are a painting of the shah (London, B. W. Robinson priv. col.) and three paintings of the entertainers (Tehran, Nigaristan Mus., ex-Amery priv. col.). The paintings of a woman playing a drum and of a woman playing a stringed instrument are signed raqam-i kamtarīn Abū’l-Qāsim (‘painted by the most humble Abu’l-Qasim’) and dated 1816, but the third painting showing a woman dancing is half-length and damaged. All the fragments share the same continuous architectural background and scale (a little less than life-size). Robinson has suggested that this mural might be the one described in the mid-19th century by the traveller Robert Binning, who reported that the house he occupied in Shiraz contained a painting of Fath ‛Ali Shah seated in state attended by ten women. The composition extended around three sides of the room and the figures were almost life-size. This identification suggests that Abu’l-Qasim might have been a native of Shiraz....

Article

Arcabas  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...

Article

Marit Lange and Thea Miller

(b Holmestrand, Jan 21, 1845; d Oslo, March 25, 1932).

Norwegian painter . In the 1860s and early 1870s she took lessons in drawing and painting in Christiania (now Oslo) and also travelled extensively in Europe with her sister Agathe, a composer and pianist. She copied works in major museums and took occasional art lessons; she later considered this experience to have been of fundamental importance to her artistic development. Little Red Riding Hood (1872; Oslo, N.G.) is impressive in technique, and the early portrait of her sister, Agathe Backer-Grøndahl (1874; Holmestrand, Komm.), shows a refined colour scheme. At the age of nearly 30 Backer decided to train professionally as a painter and in 1874 went to Munich. She was never attached to a particular institution, but the influence of her friend the artist Eilif Peterssen was crucial to her development. In Munich she made a thorough study of perspective, which formed a secure basis for her later work. The work she did while in Munich reflects a study of the Old Masters in museums and is characterized by a preference for the historical subjects typical of the Munich school, as well as by an interest in the psychological portrait (e.g. ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1907, in Versailles; died 29 May 1990, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (etching), lithographer, draughtsman (including ink), monotype artist, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views, seascapes, still-lifes...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 3 September 1921, in La Baule.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Scenes with figures, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, stage costumes, church decoration.

Jean Bruneau was a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Nantes from 1938 to 1945 and won the Prix de la Ville de Nantes in his final year. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 June 1880, in Chatou; died 10 September 1954, in Garches, as the result of an accident.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, draughtsman (red chalk/charcoal/ink), sculptor (including bronze), engraver (wood/metal), lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, nudes, hunting scenes, scenes with figures, horse racing scenes, landscapes, waterscapes, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, seascapes, architectural views, still-lifes, flowers, fruit...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 5 February 1897, in Murcia; died 1967, in Paris (?).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, pastellist, engraver (etching), draughtsman, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, bullfighting scenes, harbour views. Church decoration, stage sets, stage costumes.

Following the collapse of the family business, Pedro Flores was allowed to leave school and study drawing at the Friends of Murcia academy where he was awarded the Government of Murcia Prize for Painting at a very young age. He also appears to have studied at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1886 or or, in Paris; died April 1953.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, humorist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Stage sets, stage costumes.

André Foy began his career by producing drawings for various humorous French newpapers and the London ...

Article

Italian, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 28 June 1674, in Rome; died 5 March 1755, in Rome.

Painter, engraver, musician, scholar. Religious subjects, portraits.

Pierleone Ghezzi was the son and pupil of Giuseppe Ghezzi. He was commissioned by Pope Benedict XIV, together with L. Garzi, F. Trevisani and B. Luti, to paint, among other things, a series of ...

Article

Hungarian, 19th century, male.

Active in Budapestc.1834.

Painter, musician.

Franz Kaergling produced landscapes as well as historical and religious paintings. He was the son and pupil of Johann Tobias Kaergling.

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Active also active in Algeria.

Born 5 July 1817, in Narbonne; died 24 October 1887, in Mustapha, Algeria.

Painter, writer, musician. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes. Murals, designs for stained glass.

Orientalism.

Lazerges studied under François Bouchot and David d'Angers. He first visited Algeria in 1842 and moved there around 1861. He was the father of Jean Baptiste Paul Lazerges. Jean Raymond Hippolyte Lazerges exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1840 to 1887 with, among other works, ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Rome.

Painter, draughtsman, collage artist, installation artist, performance artist, writer on art.

Fabio Mauri grew up in Milan from 1929 and settled in Rome in 1956. From 1949 to 1954 he painted religious subjects in an Expressionist style. He then turned to the Piazza del Popolo school, producing works based on popular culture and entertainment. In the late 1950s he wrote the plays ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 24 May 1910, in Épernay; died 2001, in Toulouse.

Painter, designer, scenographer. Religious subjects, scenes with figures, interiors, figures, portraits, group portraits, nudes, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, stage costumes and sets, designs for tapestries.

Mélat studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Rheims, then in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 9 April 1932, in Caen.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, sculptor. Scenes with figures, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, stage costumes and sets.

Jacques Pasquier built up an entomological collection from 1946 to 1956, while also drawing comic strips. He started oil painting in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Nice.

Draughtsman, sculptor, intervention artist. Religious subjects, figures, nudes.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Pignon-Ernest creates stencil paintings, serigraphs taken from preparatory drawings in charcoal and black pencil, casts and frescoes, all of which are destined to disappear over time as they are exposed to the weather. He situates his figures and tortured bodies at the heart of everyday life in the city, and also in natural surroundings, such as his 'aboriginal' sculptures of nudes in vegetable resin placed in trees. He conceives his images according to their location, distorting them if the angle of a building dictates it, and adapting the form to the environment. The place where the work is situated is a decisive factor and gives the image its entire meaning, for example, ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1869, in Paris; died April 1934, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, landscapes. Wall decorations, frescoes, designs for tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

René Piot did wall decorations and theatre design had a certain vogue in the first years of the 20th century. After being part of the Nabis Group at the Académie Julian, he joined Gustave Moreau's studio in 1890, where he met Matisse and Braque. He was an Officer of the Légion d'Honneur....

Article

Flemish School, 18th century, male.

Born 1699, in Liège; died 14 September 1764, in Liège.

Painter, musician, poet. Religious subjects.

Pirotte was a pupil of Renier Panhay de Rendeux in 1716, of Benedetto Luti in Rome in 1721, and of Pietro Bianchi in 1727. His paintings can be seen in the churches of Wandre de Zomeren and of Floreffe near Namur....

Article

Polish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1732 (1730 ?), in Warsaw; died 23 August 1817, in Warsaw.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Historical subjects, portraits. Church decoration, murals, stage sets.

Jan Plersch studied in Augsburg with Goetz and then went to Vienna where he worked at the academy of fine arts. Plersch is known for his portraits of Polish kings and he also decorated Lazienki Palace in Warsaw with pilasters and painted three of its ceilings. He is known for his painting of ...

Article

Native American (Gordon First Nation), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Regina (Saskatchewan).

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman, installation artist, performance artist.

A highly regarded figure in the field of First Nations/Native American contemporary art in Canada, Edward Poitras was the first indigenous artist to gain the distinction of representing his country at the Venice Biennale in ...

Article

Richard Bösel

(b Trento, Nov 30, 1642; d Vienna, Aug 31, 1709).

Italian painter, architect and stage designer. He was a brilliant quadratura painter, whose most celebrated works, such as the decoration of the church of S Ignazio in Rome, unite painting, architecture and sculpture in effects of overwhelming illusionism and are among the high-points of Baroque church art. He was a Jesuit lay brother and produced his most significant work for the Society of Jesus. This affiliation was fundamental to his conception of art and to his heightened awareness of the artist’s role as instrumental in proclaiming the faith and stimulating religious fervour. The methods he used were those of Counter-Reformation rhetoric, as represented in Ignatius Loyola’s Spirited Exercises (1548). His architectural works are eclectic, and his unconventional combination of varied sources led to bold experiments with both space and structure. His ideas were spread by his highly successful two-volume treatise, Perspectiva pictorum et architectorum (1693–1700).

He received his first artistic training in Trento, with a painter who appears to have worked in the studio of Palma Giovane. He then studied with an unidentifiable pupil of, among others, Andrea Sacchi, who would have been the first to instruct Pozzo in the art of the Roman High Baroque, and he followed this painter to Como and Milan. In Milan Pozzo joined the Society of Jesus on ...