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Jan Minchin

(Vladimir Jossif)

(b Vienna, Oct 13, 1920).

Israeli painter of Austrian birth, active in Australia. He grew up in Warsaw. His father, the pseudonymous Jewish writer Melech Ravitch, owned books on German Expressionism, which were an early influence. Conscious of rising anti-Semitism in Poland, Ravitch visited Australia in 1934 and later arranged for his family to settle there. Bergner arrived in Melbourne in 1937. Poor, and with little English, his struggle to paint went hand-in-hand with a struggle to survive. In 1939 he attended the National Gallery of Victoria’s art school and came into contact with a group of young artists including Victor O’Connor (b 1918) and Noel Counihan, who were greatly influenced by Bergner’s haunting images of refugees, hard-pressed workers and the unemployed, for example The Pumpkin-eaters (c. 1940; Canberra, N.G.). Executed in an expressionist mode using a low-toned palette, they were among the first social realist pictures done in Australia.

In 1941...

Article

(b Parchim, Jan 16, 1897; d Perth, 1990).

Australian painter of German birth. Blumann studied at the Berlin Academy of Art under Max Liebermann and Käthe Kollwitz. Influenced by their example, as well as the Der Sturm artists, her favoured style was a robust Expressionism. In 1923 she married Dr Arnold Blumann and they migrated to Perth in 1938. There her expressionist techniques were combined with a sensitivity to the local light and colour of the Western Australian landscape, charting in particular the Swan River near her home in Nedlands. While her bold and energetic landscape works were accepted, her unashamed approach to the human figure was not tolerated so well. For example, in her 1944 exhibition (held under the anglicized name Elise Burleigh), images of nude bodies in the landscape caused a great deal of controversy. In 1942, with Robert Campbell of the Art Gallery of Western Australia, Blumann established the Perth Art Group, to cultivate local interest in modern art. She also gave private lessons in her home and sought to unleash her students’ innate creativity. After travelling through Europe in the 1950s and 1960s, her output and exhibiton rate diminished. Her first major retrospective in Gallery G in ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1940.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator.

Peter Booth passed from Abstract-Minimal painting to a violent Expressionism in 1977, at which time he realised his first Figurative painting. His works frequently depict human misfortunes and torments, in chaotic compositions tinged with religious sentiments....

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Sydney; died 2004.

Painter.

Samuel Fullbrook's work is entirely inspired by European painting. Rich in pale colours and allusive figures, it takes its inspiration from the Blaue Reiter movement of 1910.

1976, A Tribute to Sam Fullbrook, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912.

Painter.

Robert Kemp is the principal Australian exponent of pictorial Abstraction and Expressionism based on a new concept of form, analogous to the work of Klee and Kandinsky.

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 20th century, in Australia.

Painter. Urban landscapes.

Brian Midlaine exhibited his Expressionist urban landscapes in London with his wife, Mollie Paxton.

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1923; died 1970.

Painter. Figures.

Jon Molvig painted in an Expressionist style with thick impasto.

Sydney, 6 Oct 1976: Mrs Dyason (1960, oil on card, 67 × 42¼ ins/170 × 107 cm) AUD 1,100

Melbourne, 28 June 2000: Ballad of Dead Stockman...

Article

Australian, 20th century, female.

Painter. Figure compositions, religious subjects.

Mollie Paxton was the wife of the Australian Expressionist painter Brian Midlaine. Their work was not appreciated in Australia, and she exhibited mainly in London. She was a self-confessed follower of Georges Rouault and her painting is influenced by his work....