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Article

Vanuatuan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1965, in Vanuatu (Melanesia).

Painter, draughtsman, installation artist.

Neo-Conceptual Art.

Gilles Barbier graduated from the faculty of letters in Aix-en-Provence and from the Luminy art school in Marseilles. Illustrating expressions or words in their most literal form, declaiming Latin or foreign language proverbs to stuffed animals or transcribing the pages of a dictionary in pictures - the works of Gilles Barbier are a problematic examination of the role of language and thought in relation to art. His work hinges upon the principles of uncertainty and superimposition, allowing him infinite scope to play on all the products of imagination, using scientific and medical terminology (viruses, parasites, clones, trans-schizophrenia) as a means to introduce points of reference into a universe which is constantly undergoing deconstruction. He also lifts objects from their original context and endows them with a disconcerting, strange character - for example, in the ...

Article

Traudi Allen

(b Trieste, 1947).

Australian painter of Italian birth. De Clario became an Australian resident in 1956. He began to win art awards from his early 20s: the Italia Prize for painting (1969), the Perth International drawing Prize (1971), the Corio Prize for Painting, Geelong Art Gallery (1973), the Minnie Crouch Drawing Prize (1973), the Mildura Non-Permanent Sculpture Prize (1975), the University of NSW acquisitive prize (1987), and the University of Queensland Museum, National Artists’ Self Portrait Award (2011).

The conceptual thrust of his work has been expressed in painting and drawing and in performances with atleast part installation settings. His early interest in psychologically driven autobiography gave way to deconstructions of religious iconography, from the Catholicism of his Italian background to Hinduism and Buddhism. Performances have often centred on the artist, blindfolded to stress his role as medium, playing all night piano improvisations that stand as a trope for the temporal, visual, aural, and emotional sensations of mindful attention. His painting is also psychologically and spiritually orientated and translates his interest in the phenomenology of life to layers of physical paint....

Article

Australian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active also active in France.

Born 1959, in Melbourne.

Painter, engraver, collage artist. Figure compositions, figures.

From 1970 to 1973, Rebecca Driffield studied at Swineburne College in Melbourne, graduating with a fine arts degree. In 1974, she studied engraving at Camden Art College in London. In ...

Article

John R. Neeson

(b Ballarat, Victoria, 1946).

Australian photographer, film maker, painter, and installation artist. Dunkley-Smith studied at Ballarat Teacher’s College (1964–5), Melbourne Teacher’s College (1966), Ballarat School of Mines and Industries (1967–71), and at Hornsey College of Art, London (1974–6). Since the late 1970s, Dunkley-Smith has made an enduring foundational contribution to analogue and digital, time-based, and venue-specific installation practice in Australia. Initially trained as a painter, Dunkley-Smith’s work with film and multiple slide projection installations date from the mid-1970s when he was living in London. His installations are characterized by duplicate and triplicate screens and sequences of images of time-based works that utilize procedural methods addressing the relation of pattern to indeterminacy, aspects of representation, and audience desire.

In 1982 Dunkley-Smith was awarded an Overseas Fellowship at the Institute of Art and Urban Resources PS1, New York. From 1987 all his works were styled Perspectives for Conscious Alterations in Everyday Life...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Painter (mixed media).

Adelaide (AG of South Australia): Australian National Day - Invasion Day (1986)

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 October 1928, in Brunswick, near Melbourne.

Painter (mixed media), muralist, stained glass painter.

Leonard French studied signwriting at Melbourne Technical College from 1944 to 1947. He worked his way through London, Ireland, and Belgium between 1949 and 1951, studying as he went. In ...

Article

David O’Halloran

(b Melbourne, 1952).

Australian collage artist and painter. Gower’s art explores the nexus between the temporal and the permanent. Gower trained at the Prahran College of Advanced Education, completing her studies in 1973. She met the artist Howard Arkley at art school and they married in 1973. Gower had a significant influence over the work of Arkley, including his important 1982 work Primitive. They separated in 1980. Gower had early success; her fragile collages of resin-coated, translucent, sewn paper works were championed by the Women’s Art Movement and by feminist critics such as Janine Burke. Despite early comparisons with the work of Eva Hesse, Frank Stella is a more appropriate early influence.

In 1983 Gower collaged shredded street billposters and magazine hoardings. The fragments of imagery in the shredded posters saw Gower move away from abstraction and towards a representational practice. This use of images consolidated when she moved to Hobart to teach at the Tasmanian School of Art in ...

Article

Australian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Sydney.

Painter (mixed media).

Fiona Hall studied painting at the National Art School in Sydney from 1972 to 1975 and photography at the Visual Studies Workshop in Rochester, New York, from 1978 to 1982. From 1983 to ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Australia.

Born 15 April 1955, in Nouméa (New Caledonia).

Painter (mixed media). Landscapes, still-lifes.

Elizabeth Kruger took part in a travelling exhibition in Australia of young Australian painters organised by the Moët & Chandon Australian Art Foundation in ...

Article

New Zealander, 20th century, male.

Active in England from 1965.

Born 6 January 1938, in Dunedin; died 30 January 2015, in Sydney.

Sculptor, painter, engraver, draughtsman, mixed media.

Colin Lanceley spent his childhood and youth in Australia, where his family moved from New Zealand in ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Sydney.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver, performance artist, installation artist.

In 1971, together with other artists, Mike Parr created the Inhobidress Gallery, a place in which to show their work and present performances. He has produced numerous performance pieces and for several years also worked with photography, film and other means of expression, abandoning this in ...

Article

Kyla Mackenzie

(b Ashburton, Christchurch, 1966).

New Zealand sculptor, painter, printmaker, and installation artist of Maori descent. Robinson trained as a sculptor at Ilam School of Fine Arts in Christchurch (1985–8). He had artist residencies in Germany and Australia and held guest lectureships in the US, Sweden, and Denmark. He took up the post of Associate Professor at Elam School of Fine Arts, University of Auckland, in 2003.

Robinson gained early attention for his provocative paintings and sculptures exploring ethnic identity politics and international art careerism. In the ‘Percentage Paintings’ from 1993 he appeared to question his positioning as Maori artist and his 3.125% Maori ‘blood’. His ironic commentaries on the commodification of indigenous artists employed text and image using oil sticks in a crude style as well as the reds, whites, and blacks of Maori art. Strategic Plan (1998; Auckland, A.G) features a Maori tiki-like motif, adopts a wall-chart approach, and outlines ‘tips’ for artists. His ambiguous sculptures often used motifs from travel technology, such as the ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919; died 1969.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist. Local figures, genre scenes.

Loudon Sainthill gave an example of his style by sending Pierrette's Costume to the exhibition organised by the United Nations at the Musée d'Art Moderne in Paris in 1946...

Article

Jean Robertson and Craig McDaniel

The final decades of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century witnessed an increasing propensity for artists to incorporate aspects of science in their own art. In many fields of scientific research—including the cloning of mammals, the genetic modification of crops, the creation of bioengineered organs and tissues, advances in nanotechnology and robotics, experimental research in how the human mind works and the study of artificial intelligence—the frontiers of knowledge pushed outward at an accelerated pace. In the spirit of creative inquiry, or in order to critique the goals and outcomes of scientific experimentation and application, artists regularly borrowed subjects, tools and approaches from science as a means to the production of art ( see fig. ).

In documenting and assessing the achievements of visual artists engaged with science, there was no broad consensus on the categorisation of artists’ work across the full range of activities, methods, motivations and use of materials. Assessments of artistic practice focused on artists’ work categorised by the traditional fields of science (e.g. artists who explore biology, artists who explore physical sciences). Other analyses of artistic practice focused on categories of art media (e.g. artists who use traditional means such as carving and casting to represent scientific discoveries, artists who explore and employ biological materials and scientific instruments)....

Article

Australian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter (including mixed media). Scenes with figures.

Neo-Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Imants Tillers graduated with a Bachelor of Science and Architecture from the University of Sydney in 1972. In 1976 he held residencies in Paris and Venice and ...

Article

Terry Smith

(b Sydney, July 30, 1950).

Australian conceptual artist and painter. An architecture student at Sydney University (1969–72), he closely followed the profound questioning of artistic practices concentrated there, including the radical rethinking of Australian and modern art history occurring in the courses and research of the Power Institute of Fine Arts. He was also alert to the particular nexus between minimalist aesthetics and conceptual experimentality being forged by artists in Sydney as elsewhere. A son of Latvian immigrants, he saw these developments from an already displaced perspective. They gave him the grounding for his artistic language, and for his recurrent subject: the imagery of identity, of the personal within the social. It was approached obliquely, usually by inference, often unstable and elusive to the point of disappearance.

The vital paradox of Tillers’s art is the projection of such significant content through the appropriation and quotation of imagery from a number of sources, including reproductions of other artists’ works. His large paintings are assemblies of small canvas-boards, scored by oilstick and arrangeable in various combinations; he even exhibited them in stacks. ...

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Painter (mixed media).

Barney Daniels Tjungarrayi is an Aboriginal artist.

Paris, 17 June 1988: Snake Dream (acrylic/canvas, 85 × 53¼ ins/215 × 135 cm) FRF 22,000

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928.

Painter (mixed media).

Gibbs Tjungurrayi Yala Yala is an Aboriginal artist.

Sydney (Australian Mus.): Untitled (1971-1972)

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 also active in Great Britain and in the USA.

Born 29 December 1914, in Melbourne; died 1999.

Painter, watercolourist, mixed media, draughtsman, sculptor. Figures, portraits, landscapes, animals.

Albert Tucker had a great influence on the Melbourne Society of Contemporary Art ...

Article

Claire Roberts

(b Beijing, Dec 19, 1957).

Chinese painter and installation artist, active also in Australia. Guan Wei graduated from the Department of Fine Arts at Beijing Capital University in 1986 and worked as a teacher in a secondary school while pursuing his own experimental artistic practice. In 1989 he was invited to Australia as artist-in-residence at the Tasmanian School of Art, Hobart. Following the Tiananmen massacre on 4 June 1989 Guan Wei returned to Australia and undertook further artistic residencies in Tasmania, Sydney (1992–3) and Canberra (1993–4). In 1993 he was granted permanent residence and in 1999 held a solo exhibition at Sydney’s Museum of Contemporary Art.

Guan Wei is descended from a noble Manchu family. His father was a Peking Opera performer and Guan Wei acknowledges his underlying influence in the gesture and humour that permeates his art. Two Finger Exercise (1989), a series of works on paper with accompanying dialogue, was Guan Wei’s response to the Tiananmen massacre. In these works figures make the ‘V’ for victory sign in a series of tragic–comic riffs on the exuberant hope of student demonstrators. They combine text, wit and a sophisticated social and political commentary, the hallmarks of Guan Wei’s art. After ...