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Article

Mieke van der Wal

(b The Hague, Jan 6, 1876; d The Hague, Dec 11, 1955).

Dutch sculptor and ceramicist. He trained at the Academie van Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague (1894–7) and in various sculpture studios. In 1898 he decorated the shop-front of the gallery Arts and Crafts in The Hague after a design by Johan Thorn Prikker, who advised him to set up on his own. From 1901 Altorf exhibited regularly and successfully; he was represented at the Prima Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte Decorativa Moderna in Turin in 1902, where he won a silver medal, and at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris in 1925.

Altorf was a leading exponent of Dutch Art Nouveau. His work is characterized by a strong simplification of form. It is often compared with that of Joseph Mendes da Costa but is somewhat more angular and austere. At first Altorf made mainly animal forms from various types of wood, ivory, bronze and ceramic. In firing his modelled figures, he worked with the ceramicist ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Hanau; died 1913, in Berlin.

Sculptor, worker in precious metals. Figures. Designs (ceramics/metal objects).

Jugendstil.

Adolf Amberg trained at the academy of fine arts in Berlin. He went to Paris and worked at the Académie Julian, exhibiting at the Salon of ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 March 1885, in La Ferté-Vidame (Eure-et-Loir); died 1953.

Painter, ceramicist, glassmaker.

Art Nouveau.

Gabriel Argy-Rousseau studied at the school of ceramics in Sèvres. He participated in the Salon d'Automne between 1920 and 1924, and exhibited glassware and enamel work at the Salon des Artistes Français in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Potter, sculptor, architect. Jewellery.

Jugendstil.

Hermann Robert Bichweiler was active between 1872 and 1893 in Hamburg, where he had his own studio. His ornaments are characteristic of a specific style peculiar to Hamburg.

Hamburg (Mus. für Kunst und Gewerbe)

Article

Hélène Guéné-Loyer

(b Mer, nr Blois, Nov 5, 1862; d Paris, 1927).

French ceramics manufacturer. He was initially a physics and chemistry teacher and in 1889 visited the Exposition Universelle in Paris, where he saw Chinese porcelain with opaque glazes that enhanced the ground colours and emphasized the forms of the body. He transferred this technique to stoneware, a less expensive material that has the advantage of being able to withstand great variations of temperature when fired. In this way, with one type of ceramic body, it is possible to vary the degree to which enamels are fused in order to obtain dull, oily or crystalline finishes in the greatest possible variation of colours.

Bigot exhibited his work in the Salons from 1894 and through Siegfried Bing in 1897. In 1900 he won a major prize at the Exposition Universelle, for which he made a frieze of animals in low relief, after the design by the sculptor Paul Jouve (b 1880...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 9 March 1863, in Toulouse; died 20 March 1916.

Sculptor (bronze), decorative designer. Figures, nudes. Statues, equestrian statues, monuments, busts, low reliefs, designs (precious metals/ceramics), decorative schemes, objets d'art.

Art Nouveau.

Maurice Bouval's family was originally from La Coucourde near Montélimar. He studied under Falguière at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was awarded numerous medals. He became a member of the Société des Artistes Français and received a bronze medal in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1865, in Frankenthal-Rügen; died 1957.

Draughtswoman. Designs (glassware/wallpaper/fabrics/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

Margarethe von Brauchitsch studied painting in Leipzig with the painter Max Klinger. She then ran a school of painting in Halle and completed her training with Koloman Moser in Vienna. She settled in Munich in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 23 May 1868, in Munich; died 1940.

Sculptor (bronze), painter. Statuettes, medals, designs (porcelain).

Jugendstil.

Sophie Burger-Hartmann started studying painting in Munich and Paris, but mostly learned her craft by herself. She was married to the Swiss portrait painter Fritz Burger. They lived in Basel at first, then in Berlin from ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1863, in Ars-sur-Moselle; died 1937, in Nancy, in 1913 according to some sources.

Sculptor (stone/marble/bronze), medallist, potter. Figures, architectural views. Monuments, low reliefs, statues, busts.

Art Nouveau.

School of Nancy.

Ernest Bussière exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français, where he received an honourable mention in ...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1879; died 1961.

Ceramicist. Designs (ceramics).

Jugendstil.

Emilie Butters was married to Wilhelm Krieger. She trained at the Debschitzschule, the private school of applied arts in Munich. She made designs for the Herrsching pottery workshops from 1909 to 1914 and opened her own art school. In ...

Article

Christopher Newall

(b Liverpool, Aug 15, 1845; d Horsham, W. Sussex, March 14, 1915).

English painter, illustrator, designer, writer and teacher. He showed artistic inclinations as a boy and was encouraged to draw by his father, the portrait painter and miniaturist Thomas Crane (1808–59). A series of illustrations to Tennyson’s The Lady of Shalott (Cambridge, MA, Harvard U., Houghton Lib.) was shown first to Ruskin, who praised the use of colour, and then to the engraver William James Linton, to whom Crane was apprenticed in 1859. From 1859 to 1862 Crane learnt a technique of exact and economical draughtsmanship on woodblocks. His early illustrative works included vignette wood-engravings for John R. Capel Wise’s The New Forest: Its History and its Scenery (1862).

During the mid-1860s Crane evolved his own style of children’s book illustration. These so-called ‘toy books’, printed in colour by Edmund Evans, included The History of Jenny Wren and The Fairy Ship. Crane introduced new levels of artistic sophistication to the art of illustration: after ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1844, in Limoges; died 10 August 1910, in Limoges.

Painter (including porcelain), draughtsman, pastellist, watercolourist, potter, ceramicist.

Japonisme, Art Nouveau.

Pierre Adrien Dalpayrat studied drawing and porcelain painting in Limoges. He began working at the Vieillard earthenware factory in Bordeaux, and then went to work in Monaco for François Blanc, an earthenware maker. He then spent time in Menton and Limoges before settling in Bourg-la-Reine in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 8 or 18 September 1870, in Nuremberg; died 13 March 1957, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, engraver. History painting. Ex-libris plates, posters, murals, designs for mosaics, designs (ceramics/typefaces/glassware).

Jugendstil.

Julius Diez was the nephew of the painter Wilhelm von Diez. He was a pupil of Ferdinand Barth and Rudolf von Seitz at the Kuntsgewerbeschule in Munich between ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1851, in Albi; died 1938.

Painter, potter.

Art Nouveau.

A member of the Sociéte Nationale des Beaux-Arts, he made his debut at the Salon des Artistes Français, where he received an honourable mention in 1890, being put in a class of his own. He was made Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur. He stayed in the USA ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

(b 1851; d 1938).

French potter. From 1877 to 1905 he was employed as a designer by Sèvres Porcelain Factory, for which he created sophisticated floral and figural designs in the Art Nouveau style that he introduced to the factory. From 1892 he also had his own studio in Paris. Doat’s display pieces were often decorated with fine enamels; his individualistic medallions were made with the pâte-sur-pâte technique. His vases often took the form of gourds. From ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Died 1916.

Ceramicist, decorative designer.

Jugendstil.

Friedrich Festersen had a pottery studio in Berlin in 1909. He worked for Deutsche Werkstätten. His pottery was noted for its decorative portrayal of peacocks.

Karlsruhe (Badisches Landesmus.): Vase

Franzke, Irmela...