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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 March 1885, in La Ferté-Vidame (Eure-et-Loir); died 1953.

Painter, ceramicist, glassmaker.

Art Nouveau.

Gabriel Argy-Rousseau studied at the school of ceramics in Sèvres. He participated in the Salon d'Automne between 1920 and 1924, and exhibited glassware and enamel work at the Salon des Artistes Français in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 1865, in Frankenthal-Rügen; died 1957.

Draughtswoman. Designs (glassware/wallpaper/fabrics/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

Margarethe von Brauchitsch studied painting in Leipzig with the painter Max Klinger. She then ran a school of painting in Halle and completed her training with Koloman Moser in Vienna. She settled in Munich in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 23 May 1868, in Munich; died 1940.

Sculptor (bronze), painter. Statuettes, medals, designs (porcelain).

Jugendstil.

Sophie Burger-Hartmann started studying painting in Munich and Paris, but mostly learned her craft by herself. She was married to the Swiss portrait painter Fritz Burger. They lived in Basel at first, then in Berlin from ...

Article

Christopher Newall

(b Liverpool, Aug 15, 1845; d Horsham, W. Sussex, March 14, 1915).

English painter, illustrator, designer, writer and teacher. He showed artistic inclinations as a boy and was encouraged to draw by his father, the portrait painter and miniaturist Thomas Crane (1808–59). A series of illustrations to Tennyson’s The Lady of Shalott (Cambridge, MA, Harvard U., Houghton Lib.) was shown first to Ruskin, who praised the use of colour, and then to the engraver William James Linton, to whom Crane was apprenticed in 1859. From 1859 to 1862 Crane learnt a technique of exact and economical draughtsmanship on woodblocks. His early illustrative works included vignette wood-engravings for John R. Capel Wise’s The New Forest: Its History and its Scenery (1862).

During the mid-1860s Crane evolved his own style of children’s book illustration. These so-called ‘toy books’, printed in colour by Edmund Evans, included The History of Jenny Wren and The Fairy Ship. Crane introduced new levels of artistic sophistication to the art of illustration: after ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1844, in Limoges; died 10 August 1910, in Limoges.

Painter (including porcelain), draughtsman, pastellist, watercolourist, potter, ceramicist.

Japonisme, Art Nouveau.

Pierre Adrien Dalpayrat studied drawing and porcelain painting in Limoges. He began working at the Vieillard earthenware factory in Bordeaux, and then went to work in Monaco for François Blanc, an earthenware maker. He then spent time in Menton and Limoges before settling in Bourg-la-Reine in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 8 or 18 September 1870, in Nuremberg; died 13 March 1957, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, engraver. History painting. Ex-libris plates, posters, murals, designs for mosaics, designs (ceramics/typefaces/glassware).

Jugendstil.

Julius Diez was the nephew of the painter Wilhelm von Diez. He was a pupil of Ferdinand Barth and Rudolf von Seitz at the Kuntsgewerbeschule in Munich between ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1851, in Albi; died 1938.

Painter, potter.

Art Nouveau.

A member of the Sociéte Nationale des Beaux-Arts, he made his debut at the Salon des Artistes Français, where he received an honourable mention in 1890, being put in a class of his own. He was made Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur. He stayed in the USA ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

Joellen Secondo

(b Brussels, Nov 28, 1854; d Helsinki, 1930).

Belgian painter and potter. He studied painting at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts et Ecole des Arts Décoratifs in Brussels from 1878 to 1880. He was a founder-member of XX, Les, a group of 20 avant-garde artists who held annual exhibitions of paintings and decorative arts between 1884 and 1895. Initially Finch painted land- and seascapes in the Impressionist style. In 1887—after Seurat and Camille Pissarro exhibited with Les XX—Finch adopted their divisionist painting technique. An early work in the Neo-Impressionist style, the Race Course at Ostende (1888; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.), shows his unfamiliarity with this new technique. His subsequent proficiency is evident in the work English Coast at Dover (1891; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.), which also makes use of a border constructed of divisionist dots, a device he borrowed from Seurat. Finch came to excel at rendering the atmospheric effect of the damp climate of the Channel coast—his main subject—through the use of widely spaced dots in related colour values. Finch served as a liaison between ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1846, in Nancy; died 1904, in Nancy.

Painter, ceramicist, decorative designer, glassmaker. Figures, still-lifes.

Art Nouveau.

Nancy School.

He studied art in Weimar. Émile Gallé was passionately interested in painting on glass and opened a glassware factory in Nancy in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1883, in Marktheidenfeld; died 15 February 1964, in Nuremberg.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, landscapes. Designs (ex-libris/fabrics/furniture/porcelain).

Jugendstil.

After losing his mother at a very early age, Hermann Gradl was brought up by his father's family, with one of his cousins, Hermann Gradl Sr, a Jugendstil artist who was highly thought of at the time. He was first trained at the Städtische Gewerbeschule, Munich, then in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 21 May 1869, in Dillingen; died 17 April 1934, in Landsberg am Lech.

Painter (including porcelain), engraver, sculptor, graphic designer. Landscapes. Designs (metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

Very little is known about Hermann Gradl Sr, the elder brother of Max Joseph Gradl. He was first a painter and then a sculptor. He attended the Kunstgewerbeschule (school of arts and crafts) in Munich between ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 August 1857, in Meissen, or in 1859; died 1919, in Meissen.

Painter. Portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures. Designs (ceramics).

Jugendstil.

Theodor Grust studied under Franz Theodor Grosse, the painter of historical scenes, at the Kunstakademie, Dresden. He lived for a time in Munich, where he became a member of several artistic associations; he also joined one in the city of Dresden. He travelled to the Netherlands and Belgium in ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1933 active in Switzerland.

Born 4 May 1874, in Hörde (Westphalia); died 18 July 1949, in Interlaken or Beatenberg (Canton of Bern).

Sculptor (including bronze/majolica/ceramics), painter (including gouache), engraver, draughtsman, architect, graphic designer. Statuettes, figurines.

Jugendstil.

Darmstadt Artists' Colony, Worpswede Artists' Colony...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 July 1874, in Wiesbaden; died 15 September 1949, in Berchtesgaden.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, poster artist, interior designer. Figures, landscapes, animals. Designs (ceramics).

Jugendstil.

Ludwig Hohlwein began drawing illustrations and making models of jewellery and bookbindings, parallel to his architectural studies, which he began in ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 10 May 1866, in Vefsen; died 1935, in Oslo.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes, seascapes, portraits. Designs (ceramics/decorative objects).

Art Nouveau.

Holmboe was taught at first by a Norwegian landscape artist before going on to study with Gude in Berlin and at the royal school of art in Christiania (now Oslo). He also studied under Cormon in Paris. He is best known for his decorative landscapes of northern Norway but painted seascapes as well. He worked on decorative arts between 1890 and 1915, producing Art Nouveau-style objects, and produced designs for ceramics....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Neustadt bei Leipzig; died 1947, in Erbach/Westerwald.

Painter, draughtsman, interior designer, graphic designer. Designs (furniture, fabrics, porcelain, precious metals, jewels).

Jugendstil.

Erich Kleinhempel first trained with Oskar Haebler in his graphics studio in Dresden, then entered the Kunstgewerbeschule in Dresden, where he studied ...