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Article

Chilean, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Paris.

Painter.

Barreda Fabres studied architecture at the Catholic university in Santiago and taught history of art in the architecture faculty from 1950 to 1955. He used a realist technique to paint constructions that belong to the world of the uncanny and the surreal. He took part in exhibitions in North America, Latin America and Europe and received many awards....

Article

Uruguayan, 19th century, male.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 8 June 1830, in Montevideo; died 15 April 1901, in Pisa, Italy.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Religious subjects, military subjects, historical subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, local figures, portraits, landscapes, local scenes, animals. Murals.

Juán Manuel Blanes' father was Andalusian and his mother was Argentinian. He was from a humble background and he seems to have learnt to draw and paint by himself. He worked on the newspaper ...

Article

Puerto Rican, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1751; died 1809.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

José Capeche is regarded as the father of Puerto Rican painting. His father, Tomás de Rivafrecha y Campeche, was the slave of a Canon at the cathedral; later, having been freed, he taught himself how to gild and paint and eventually introduced his son to painting. José Campeche later worked with the Spanish painter Luis Paret y Alcázar, exiled to Puerto Rico in ...

Article

Argentinian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 December 1862, in Catamarca; died 22 May 1939, in Córdoba.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits. Church decoration.

Emilio Caraffa completed his studies in Buenos Aires and then visited Europe, where he studied successively at the school of art in Naples and at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. In Spain he copied the works of Velázquez and de Fortuny. He returned to Argentina in ...

Article

Mexican, 19th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, figure compositions.

Carasco was a Jesuit. A pupil of Salomé Pina, his works include: Work of Heavenly Love, Missionaries in Paraguay, Job.

Mexico City (Mus. Nacional de San Carlos): Job

Article

Cordero  

Mexican, 19th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects.

The painting Jesus in the Temple in the Jésus María Church in Mexico City is attributed to Cordero.

Article

Ecuadorean, 19th century, male.

Born in Quito.

Painter. Religious subjects.

Delgado took part in the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900.

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1925, in Ocotlán (Oaxaca province).

Painter. Figure compositions, religious subjects, figures.

Symbolism.

Morales settled in Mexico in 1948 and began his studies at the Academia de San Carlos the following year. He was encouraged in his work by Rufino Tamayo. He took part in many exhibitions, both in Mexico and in Europe. Tribute was paid to his paintings at the inauguration of the exhibition ...

Article

Ramón Gutiérrez and Liliana Herrera

[Buix, José Domingo ]

(b Petrés, Valencia, June 9, 1759; d 1811).

Spanish architect and Capuchin monk, active in Colombia. He trained with his father, the stonemason Domingo Buix. Joining the Capuchin Order in 1780, he was sent to Murcia, where he studied at an art school directed by Francisco Salzillo y Alcarez. In 1792 he was posted to Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia, where he took over and concluded the work on the hospice of S José and quickly achieved a well-deserved renown in the viceroyalty of New Granada. He provided designs for S Domingo, Bogotá (1794), and the basilica of the Virgin of Chiquinquirá (1796–1823), where his use of an ambulatory recalls the work of Diego de Siloé at Granada. He designed Bogotá observatory (1802) and the cathedral of Zipaquirá (1805), 40 km north of the capital, but his masterpiece is Bogotá Cathedral (1806–14), which he rebuilt in the Neo-classical style. Petrés also undertook civil engineering work, such as the conduits and basin for the fountain of S Victoriano, and several bridges, including that of El Topo at Tunja (...

Article

Ecuadorean, 19th century, male.

Born 1795, in Quito; died 1860.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Antonio Salas was a colonial artist,and is best known for his religious paintings such as St Peter's Denial in Quito Cathedral and scenes from the Life of the Virgin painted for the Augustinian Order. He also painted portraits of heroes of the struggle for independence like Simon Bolivar....

Article

Teresa Gisbert

(d La Paz, 1834).

Catalan architect, active in Bolivia. He was a Franciscan friar and the leading architect in Bolivia between 1800 and 1830 (see Bolivia, Republic of §II 2., (i)). In 1808 he was called to Potosí to design the cathedral in a predominantly Neo-classical style coexisting with reminiscences of the Baroque. There were brief interruptions in its construction, and it was not finished until 1838. In Potosí he also redesigned the church of S Domingo. He interrupted his work there to execute the principal altar (1820) of the church of La Merced, Cuzco, and a new retable (1830) for the church of La Merced, La Paz. Shortly after he commenced work on a new cathedral for La Paz (for illustration see La Paz), although only the ground storey was completed before his death; the works were continued by the French engineer Philippe Bertrès and completed in the early 20th century by ...

Article

Santos  

James Cordova and Claire Farago

Term that refers to handmade paintings and sculptures of Christian holy figures, crafted by artists from the Hispanic and Lusophone Americas. The term first came into widespread use in early 20th-century New Mexico among English-speaking art collectors to convey a sense of cultural authenticity. Throughout the Americas, the term imagenes occurs most frequently in Spanish historical documents. Santos are usually painted on wood panels (retablos) or carved and painted in the round (bultos). Reredos, or altarpieces, often combine multiple retablos and bultos within a multi-level architectural framework.

European Christian imagery was circulated widely through the Spanish viceroyalties in the form of paintings, sculptures, and prints, the majority of which were produced in metropolitan centres such as Mexico City, Antigua, Lima, and Puebla, where European- and American-born artists established guilds and workshops. These became important sources upon which local artists elsewhere based their own traditions of religious image-making using locally available materials such as buffalo hides, vegetal dyes, mineral pigments, and yucca fibres, commonly employed by native artists long before European contact....

Article

Chilean, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active in Portugal.

Born 1865, in Valparaíso; died 1922, in Oporto.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes, Still-lifes.

Aurelia de Sousa studied with Costa Lima, later with Marques de Oliveira at the art college in Oporto, and lastly with Jean-Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant at the Académie Julian in Paris. Her work deals mainly with the representation of children, flowers, nudes and small intimate scenes. She also painted a ...

Article

Vittoz  

Peruvian, 19th century, male.

Sculptor (bronze). Religious subjects.

Sydney: Laocoön (bronze); Flood (bronze)