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Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1800, in Boston (Massachusetts); died 1842.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features, engraver, decorative designer. Portraits, landscapes, military subjects, seascapes, harbour views, scenes with figures. Decorative panels.

Charles Codman trained with John Ritto Pennimans as a painter and designer of ornamental architectural features, and settled in Portland in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 October 1872, in Omaha (Nebraska).

Painter, engraver, decorative designer.

Edmond Ellis was also an architect. He decorated the interiors of public buildings, notably the Protestant episcopal church of Fordham, and private houses. He produced etchings.

Article

Ilene Susan Fort

(b Rutherford, NJ, Dec 23, 1870; d Cape Split, ME, Oct 1, 1953).

American painter and printmaker. He attended Stevens Institute in Hoboken, NJ, and worked briefly as an architect before studying at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia from 1899 to 1901 under Thomas Pollock Anshutz and Hugh Breckenridge (1870–1937). His education was supplemented by five years of travel in Europe where he was exposed to avant-garde trends. While abroad, he made etchings of notable and picturesque sites, for example Campanile, S Pietro, Venice (1907; see Zigrosser, no. 57), which were the first works he sold.

Marin returned permanently to the USA in 1911, settling in New York and devoting the rest of his long career to painting views of the city and country. His art initially reflected the impact of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. During the next decade he first moved towards a modernist artistic statement, seen in his views of New York and nearby Weehawkin, New Jersey. The ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 17 January 1845, in New York; died 29 June 1918, in Ridgefield (Connecticut).

Painter, engraver, architect, writer.

Mitchell studied in Paris with Boulanger, Jules Lefebvre, Albert Maignan and Brunet-Debaines. In 1883 he founded Life Magazine.

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 20 October 1838, in Lowell (Massachusetts); died 2 May 1915, in Munich.

Painter, engraver (wood). History painting, portraits, architectural views.

David Neal, brother-in-law of Ainmiller, was a pupil under Piloty at the academy in Munich and of Piloty. He worked in Paris, then went to New York in ...

Article

Keith N. Morgan

(b New York, Oct 16, 1861; d Cornish, NH, Sept 12, 1933).

American architect, garden designer, etcher, and painter. He was brought up in New York, where he began his artistic training in 1878 at the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League. The following summer he was introduced to the recently revived art of etching, and he quickly achieved critical recognition for his work in this medium. He continued to etch for most of his life, concentrating on coastal scenes in which he strove to capture the atmospheric interaction of light, air, and water. In May 1882 Platt travelled to Paris to continue his training as a painter, working first independently and then after 1883 at the Académie Julian under Jules Lefebvre. Although he exhibited The Etcher (Boston, MA, St. Botolph’s Club) at the Paris Salon of 1885, Platt eventually rejected his figural training and turned back to his youthful interest in landscape. On his return to New York, he continued to exhibit his paintings and etchings, and in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1861, in New York; died 12 September 1933, in Cornish.

Painter, engraver, architect, garden designer. Seascapes, landscapes, interiors.

Charles Adams Platt was a student of the National Academy of Design, the Art Students League of New York and of Lefebvre and Boulanger in Paris. He belonged to the American Federation of the Arts. He won a bronze medal at the Paris Exhibition of ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 August 1862, in Austinburg; died 1927, in Seattle.

Painter, engraver, architect.

Frank E. Read was a pupil of William Morris Hunt. He lived and worked in Seattle.

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1869, in New York; died 1945, in Paris, France.

Painter, engraver. Landscapes, architectural views.

Vaugham Trowbridge was a pupil of J.P. Laurens and B. Constant. He lived and worked in Dravoil, executing etchings of landscapes and architecture and views of gardens....

Article

Marita Sturken

Culture of images and visuality that creates meaning in our world today. This includes media forms such as photography, film, television, and digital media; art media such as painting, drawing, prints, and installations; architecture and design; comic books and graphic novels; fashion design, and other visual forms including the look of urban life itself. It also encompasses such social realms as art, news, popular culture, advertising and consumerism, politics, law, religion, and science and medicine. The term visual culture also refers to the interdisciplinary academic field of study that aims to study and understand the role that images and visuality play in our society; how images, gazes, and looks make meaning socially, culturally, and politically; how images are integrated with other media; and how visuality shapes power, meaning, and identity in contemporary global culture.

The emergence of the concept of visual culture as a means to think about the role of images in culture and as an academic field of study is a relatively recent phenomenon, emerging in the late 1980s and becoming established by the late 1990s. There were numerous factors that contributed to the idea that images should be understood and analysed across social arenas rather than as separate categories, including the impact of digital media on the circulation of images across social realms, the modern use of images from other social arenas (such as news and advertising) in art, and the cross-referencing of cultural forms displayed in popular culture and art. It was also influenced by the increasingly visible role played by images in political conflict and a general trend toward interdisciplinarity in academia....

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 23 December 1868, in Boston; died 1940.

Painter, engraver (etching), lithographer. Marine and nautical subjects.

Brooklyn Society of Etchers, Guild of Boston Artists.

George C. Wales studied architecture at Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1885-1888. He worked for the firm of Peabody and Stearns, and then founded his own firm in ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 1 May 1859, in Seekonk (Massachusetts); died 1939, in New Orleans.

Painter, architect, engraver, decorative designer.

William Woodward studied in Providence, Boston and Paris, where he was taught by Boulanger. He was a member of the American Federation of Arts....