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Çigdem Kafesçioglu and Walter B. Denny

In 

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in Niort (Deux-Sèvres); died 1828.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

His religious and mythological scenes and his portraits sometimes have a lyric quality reminiscent of Delacroix. He is also known for his Schemes for a New System for Promotion of the Arts...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1773, in Haro; died 1843.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Brother of Esteban Agreda, he became a member of the Real Academia de San Fernando in Madrid in 1827. The church in the Spanish town of Haro has three statues of saints sculpted by this artist. From ...

Article

Çigdem Kafesçioglu and Walter B. Denny

In 

Article

Russian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 May 1753; died 15 May 1814, in St Petersburg.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects.

In 1762 this artist was admitted as a pupil to the St Petersburg academy, which he attended until 1772. A trip to Italy followed, funded by the Russian government. In Bologna, where he attended the academy, he copied a large number of works and was influenced mainly by Guercino. He visited Rome in ...

Article

Marianne Barrucand

[‛Alawī; Filālī]

Islamic dynasty and rulers of Morocco since 1631. Like their predecessors the Sa‛dis, the ‛Alawis are sharīfs (descendants of the Prophet Muhammad), and both dynasties are sometimes classed together as the ‘Sharifs of Morocco’. From a base in the Tafilalt region of south-east Morocco, the ‛Alawi family was able to overcome the centrifugal forces exerted by the Berber tribes who had destroyed the Sa‛di state in the first half of the 17th century. To restore political authority and territorial integrity, Mawlay Isma‛il (reg 1672–1727) added a new black slave corps to the traditional tribal army. Although royal power was weak during the 19th century and the early 20th, when the French and Spanish established protectorates, the ‛Alawis’ power was fully restored after independence from the French in 1956.

‛Alawi building activities (see Islamic art, §II, 7(v)) were concentrated in the four cities that have served as their capitals: Fez and Marrakesh at various times from ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 3 March 1765, in Rimini; died 24 January 1836.

Painter. History painting, religious subjects, portraits.

Son of Odoardo Alberi, he studied at an early age under Corvi at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. He moved to London in ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, female.

Born 14 November 1767, in Hamburg; died 1810, in Münster.

Painter. Religious subjects.

The daughter of a pastor, she became a Catholic convert and nun at Münster. Her paintings were mostly Madonnas. Goethe mentions her and admired her talent.

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Milan.

Born c. 1760; died after 1828.

Painter. Religious subjects. Miniatures.

Reference was made in 1828 to a Madonna painted by Giuseppe de Albertis.

Milan, 28 May 1992: Holy Family (oil on canvas, 46¾ × 36¾ ins/119 × 93.5 cm) ...

Article

[Mihr ‛Alī]

(fl c. 1795–1830).

Persian painter. He produced at least ten full-size oil paintings of the Qajar monarch Fath ‛Ali Shah (reg 1797–1834). One of the earliest (1797–8; Calcutta, Victoria Mem. Hall), a portrait of him kneeling on a carpet, was probably sent as a present to the amirs of Sind in 1800. Two fine portraits (1803–4 and 1804–5) were painted for the Hall of the Marble Throne in the Gulistan Palace, Tehran, and a third, of the King enthroned (undated; Versailles, Château), was sent to Napoleon. These early portraits show Fath ‛Ali Shah with a squat neck and round face, but Mihr ‛Ali’s drawings improved in the first decade of the 19th century and later portraits show the King with more flattering proportions. These later paintings include portraits of the King standing (1809–10; St Petersburg, Hermitage), kneeling and holding a mace (1813–14; St Petersburg, Hermitage), and a third with the date obliterated (London, B. W. Robinson priv. col.). Mihr ‛Ali’s finest portrait, and perhaps the finest ...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1779, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 1843, in Cambridge (Massachusetts).

Painter. Biblical subjects, literary subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Washington Allston was intended for a career in one of the professions and studied classics at Harvard. However, his Romantic artistic tastes took him over and he was deeply moved by Schiller and by Fuseli's illustrations to Boydell's ...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 23 April 1768, in Priego; died 26 December 1827, in Madrid.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Educated in Granada and Cordova, Álvarez Cubero carved figures for the church of the Carthusian Monastery of El Paular near Madrid as early as ...

Article

Spanish (?), 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Alzibar was active in Mexico from 1751 until 1806. He was among the first to teach at the Real Academia de San Carlos in Mexico City and was a member of a circle of artists that formed around Miguel Cabrera....

Article

Belgian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 2 September 1757, in Tessenderlo; died 1845, in Meerhout.

Painter. Religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Jan Antoon Ambroos came to Antwerp around 1815; he exhibited a number of genre paintings and New Testament subjects there in 1834, and in Liège in ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in Scotland; died 27 May 1837.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Battles, church interiors, landscapes, waterscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes.

William Anderson produced, in the main, modest crayon compositions which are pleasant on the eye and are distinguished by their use of light and shade. He also painted, almost exclusively river views and seascapes, but his work also includes an ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 October 1760, in San Giusto (Abruzzi); died 22 June 1853, in Naples.

Painter, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits.

Costanzo Angelini came to Rome to study under Marco Caprinozzi. His work is modelled on the painters of the Renaissance and antique statues. He was invited to Naples to work for Britain's envoy to the Court of Naples, Sir William Hamilton, and was subsequently appointed to teach drawing and composition at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Naples. He gave private tuition to a number of pupils, including his own son, Tito. He painted a number of impressive portraits, among them ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1734, in Pescia; died 16 February 1816.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Ansaldi's church paintings include a Martyrdom of Two Saints in the church of S Vitale in Pistoia. He also painted a portrait of the composer Vincenzo Righini (...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1764, in Liège; died 1840, in Paris.

Painter. History painting, religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

Antoine Ansiaux studied under Vincent and soon became well known as a painter of historical scenes. He decorated several churches and painted portraits. His works include: ...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1770 or 1773, in Alicante; died 1838, in Madrid.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, battles, portraits.

After studying at the academies of fine arts in Valencia and Madrid, Aparicio travelled to Paris in 1799 to train with David, supported by a bursary from the Spanish court. The register of the École de Beaux-Arts in Paris shows his enrollment on 9 Vendemiaire, year VIII (...