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Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 December 1769, in Schlinig; died 10 September 1863, in Kerns (Nidwalden).

Sculptor. Animals, groups. Statues.

He initially trained under the sculptor Mathias Punt in Schlinig (Slingia, South Tyrol), then went to work in Strasbourg. After moving on to Switzerland, Franz Abart settled in Lucerne and established a reputation as an accomplished artist. His crucifixes, which are found in several Swiss churches, confirm his talent. At Kerns, he met and married the daughter of an important official: a fortunate circumstance that contributed to his success. Exhibitions in Bern in ...

Article

Swedish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active still active in 1809.

Born c. 1760, in Sweden.

Sculptor. Statues, busts.

Frédérik Ulrik Aberg was the son of a modeller working at the royal palace in Stockholm. He studied with Johan Tobias Sergel, and also at the Stockholm royal academy of fine arts. His busts and medallions are considered to be more accomplished than his statues....

Article

Jens Peter Munk

(b Copenhagen, Sept 11, 1743; d Frederiksdal, Copenhagen, June 4, 1809).

Danish painter, designer and architect. His paintings reveal both Neo-classical and Romantic interests and include history paintings as well as literary and mythological works. The variety of his subject-matter reflects his wide learning, a feature further evidenced by the broad range of his creative output. In addition to painting, he produced decorative work, sculpture and furniture designs, as well as being engaged as an architect. Successfully combining both intellectual and imaginative powers, he came to be fully appreciated only in the 1980s.

He studied at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen (1764–72), and in 1767 he assisted Johan Edvard Mandelberg (1730–86) in painting the domed hall of the Fredensborg Slot with scenes from the Homeric epic the Iliad. In 1772 he was granted a five-year travelling scholarship from the Kunstakademi to study in Rome. During his Roman sojourn he extensively copied works of art from the period of antiquity up to that of the Carracci family. His friendships with the Danish painter Jens Juel, the Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel and the Swiss painter Johann Heinrich Fuseli placed him among artists who were in the mainstream of a widespread upheaval in European art. In these years Abildgaard developed both Neo-classical and Romantic tastes; his masterpiece of the period is ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1745, in Forlì; died 1823, in Bologna.

Sculptor.

In his day, Luigi Aquisti was a much-respected artist who worked above all in Rome, Milan and Bologna (reference is made to him as being there as of 1788). While still in Rome, he was responsible for decorating the altar of the S Giuseppe Colasonzio Chapel in the church of S Pantaleone. He also produced reliefs representing scenes from Homer and from Roman history for the staircase of the Braschi Palace. In Bologna, his work includes the decoration of the S Giobbe Oratory and four major statues for the cupola of S Maria della Vita. In ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1737, in Valenciennes; died 1820, in Valenciennes.

Sculptor.

Grégoire Adam is not mentioned in artists' records, but Gombert, the architect from Lille who built the Hôtel Merghelynck at Ypres, thought him fit to compete with the best artists of French Flanders in the ornamentation of this supreme expression of 18th-century art. He decorated one of the salons, installing in it medallions of ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1771; died 1813, in Dresden.

Sculptor.

Article

Chiara Stefani

In 

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born before 1741, in Tarragona; died 4 June 1816.

Sculptor.

After studying with José Ramirez, Adán went to Rome in 1746 on a scholarship from Spain's Academia de Bellas Artes to perfect his skills. While there, he secured the post of director of the Accademia di San Luca. On his return to Spain in ...

Article

Juan Nicolau

(b Tarazona, 1741; d Madrid, 1816).

Spanish sculptor. He was trained in Saragossa with José Ramirez. In 1765 he went to Rome, where he won a scholarship from the Spanish Academia de Bellas Artes and was appointed Director of the Accademia di S Luca, Rome. Adán’s early work became known in Spain through the drawings and sculptures he sent from Rome, the finest being a Lamentation. He returned to Spain in 1776 and worked in Lérida, Granada and Jaen, finally settling in Madrid in 1786. In 1793 he was appointed court sculptor (Escultor de Cámara) by Charles IV (reg 1788–1808). He made many carvings in wood, such as a St Joseph and a Virgin of the Sorrows, for churches in Madrid. Other characteristic works are the portrait busts of leading contemporary figures such as Manuel Godoy, the Prince de la Paz, and José Monino, the Conde de Floridablanca. The busts of Charles IV and Queen Maria Luisa...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 26 December 1759, in Logroño (Rioja); died 1842.

Sculptor.

In 1775 Agreda became an apprentice to the French sculptor Robert Michel in Madrid. He executed some fine cameos, including portraits of Charles IV and Queen Maria Luisa (both in ...

Article

Carlos Cid Priego

(b Logroño, Dec 26, 1759; d Madrid, 1842).

Spanish sculptor and ceramicist. He moved to Madrid at an early age and was apprenticed to the French sculptor Robert Michel (i), who was employed at the court. He won first prize in a competition at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes, and organized the royal workshop for the carving of precious stones, where he executed two magnificent cameo portraits of Charles IV and Queen Maria Luisa (c. 1796; Madrid, Pal. Real). He was a leading sculptor in the Buen Retiro porcelain factory, for which he produced a large amount of work. In 1797 he entered the Real Academia de Bellas Artes and was promoted until he was finally appointed Director-general in 1821. He was also appointed Honorary Chamber Sculptor to Charles IV. His successful career made him an influential figure in Spanish art. He was one of the leading exponents of Neo-classical sculpture, producing works that were technically accomplished although stylistically rather cold. He executed a large amount of work between ...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1773, in Haro; died 1843.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Brother of Esteban Agreda, he became a member of the Real Academia de San Fernando in Madrid in 1827. The church in the Spanish town of Haro has three statues of saints sculpted by this artist. From ...

Article

(b Belas, 1769; d Lisbon, 1841).

Portuguese sculptor. He was probably trained by his father, a stone mason employed at the Palacio Nacional de Queluz, near Lisbon. In 1784 João Aguiar went to the drawing school of the Casa Pia do Castelo, Lisbon, and in 1785 to Rome on a scholarship from the Intendência with the support of D. I. de Pina Manique (1735–1805). There he studied drawing with Tomaso Labruzzi, modelling with Giuseppe Angellini (1735–1811) and then moved to the workshop of Antonio Canova. Aguiar’s first recorded works made in Rome were Cippus, Aeneas and Creusa (1792–3; Lisbon, Pal. Belém Gdns) and a portrait medallion of Giovanni Antinori (1792; untraced), Professor of Architecture at the Academia de Portugal in Rome, which is known from an engraving (1792) by João Caetano Rivara (studying in Rome, 1788–99).

In 1794 Pina Manique was engaged on a project to erect a monument to Queen Mary I that would also celebrate the achievements of Portuguese artists who had received scholarships to study in Rome. After finding that Canova and the Genoese Nicolò Stefano Traverso would be too expensive, he turned to Aguiar for the statues and bas-reliefs and to ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Rome.

Sculptor. Monuments.

Taught at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome and was responsible chiefly for the restoration of ancient monuments and sculptures. He was known still to be alive in 1807. In 1780 he was commissioned by Catherine the Great of Russia to sculpt the tomb of Raffael Mengs in St Peter's, Rome....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 24 July 1742, in Bedano; died 15 or 16 November 1839, in Milan.

Sculptor, designer of ornamental architectural features, draughtsman.

Studied initially at an atelier of sculpture in Parma, then at the academy there and in Rome. His fame as a designer of ornamental features spread rapidly and he was appointed to teach at the Milan academy in ...

Article

Russian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1758; died after 1807.

Sculptor.

This artist was a pupil at the St Petersburg academy in 1764, and the academy paid for him to travel abroad to study in 1779. A copy of the Dying Soldier and an original work, ...

Article

Carlos Cid Priego

(b Tarragona, 1832; d Barcelona, 1901).

Spanish sculptor. He entered the Escuela de Bellas Artes de la Lonja, Barcelona, when still very young and was a student of the Neo-classical artist Damián Campeny y Estrany, who was also influenced by Romanticism and naturalism. In 1855 Aleu y Teixidor applied for the Chair in Modelling at the Escuela, a position to which he was eventually appointed after the committee had been involved in intrigues and disputes. He taught Catalan sculptors for half a century and wielded an enormous, though not entirely positive, influence. He became Deputy Director of the Escuela de Bellas Artes, belonged to the Academia de Ciencias y Artes of Barcelona and won first prize at the Exposición Nacional de Madrid in 1871.

Almost all the work of Aleu y Teixidor is in Barcelona. The best is the over life-size stone sculpture of St George (1871) for the façade of the Palau de la ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Died 14 December 1815, in Toulon.

Sculptor.

He was active in Toulon from 1765.

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 23 April 1768, in Priego; died 26 December 1827, in Madrid.

Sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Educated in Granada and Cordova, Álvarez Cubero carved figures for the church of the Carthusian Monastery of El Paular near Madrid as early as ...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1771, in Cordova.

Sculptor.

Álvarez enrolled at the Académie Nationale de Peinture et de Sculpture in Paris on 6 Vendémiaire, year VIII of the revolutionary calendar (28 September 1799). He was supported by a bursary from the king of Spain....