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Article

Russian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in St Petersburg; died 1824, in St Petersburg.

Painter, watercolourist. Urban landscapes, architectural views, still-lifes. Stage sets (?).

The son of a retired soldier employed as a custodian at the fine arts academy in St Petersburg, Alekseev trained there ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1760, in Treviglio; died 1823, in Milan.

Painter, decorative artist, draughtsman. Waterscapes, urban landscapes, landscapes. Stage sets.

Gasparo Galliari was the son of Giovanni Antonio Galliari. He worked in the family tradition, painting theatre stage sets and décors....

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1746; died 1818.

Painter, decorative artist. Stage sets.

Giovanni Galliari the Younger was the son of Fabrizio Galliari. He worked in Berlin with his uncle Bernardino Galliari. He also painted decorations for the principal congress hall in the royal academy of sciences in Turin....

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1747, in Neustadt, near Dresden; died 1814.

Painter.

After training at the academy of fine arts in Dresden, Giesel went to Warsaw in 1787, where he worked as a set designer at the theatre royal. In recognition of his stage sets, King Stanislaw Augustus appointed him court painter. He returned to Germany in ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 25 March 1751, in Longarone (Veneto); died 1831, in St Petersburg.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including ink), architect. Landscapes, architectural views, interiors. Theatre decoration, stage sets.

Pietro di Gottardo Gonzaga was the son of Gottardo Gonzaga. He worked as an architect in St Petersburg ...

Article

[P’yetro di Gonzaga]

(b Longarone, nr Venice, March 25, 1751; d St Petersburg, Aug 6, 1831).

Italian painter, stage designer and landscape designer, also active in Russia. He studied in Venice (1769–72) under Giuseppe Moretti and Antonio Visentini (1688–1782) and finished his education in Milan (1772–8), studying with the stage designers Bernardino, Fabrizio and Giovanni Antonio Galliari. He was considerably influenced by the works of Canaletto and Piranesi. He made his début as a stage designer in Milan at the Teatro alla Scala in 1779 and designed over 60 productions in Milan, Rome, Genoa and other Italian cities. From 1792 he worked in Russia, where he went on the recommendation of Prince Nikolay Yusupov, who was at that time the chief director of music and pageantry at the court of Catherine II.

In his stage designs Gonzago put into effect his theoretical principles, which he explained in the handbook Information à mon chef ou éclaircissement convenable du décorateur théâtral (St Petersburg, ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter. Landscapes. Stage sets.

M.J. Hollagan exhibited frequently at the Royal Academy in London between 1795 and 1809.

Article

Raquel Henriques da Silva

(b Lisbon, 1812; fl Lisbon, 1840s).

Portuguese architect and stage designer of Italian descent. He was a son of Francisco Lodi, the impresario of the Teatro S Carlos, Lisbon. Nothing is known of his academic training, and his importance to the architecture of 19th-century Lisbon is largely due to his design of the Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II (1842–6), Praça do Rossio, Lisbon. When a public competition for the design of the theatre was proclaimed in 1841 none of the entries submitted was chosen, but the Conde de Farrobo, a powerful capitalist and the principal financial backer of the theatre, ensured the presentation and acceptance of the designs of Lodi, who was his brother-in-law. In spite of the unusual way in which Lodi was appointed to build the theatre, over the heads of more highly reputed and experienced architects and academics, the result was nevertheless a satisfactory one. The theatre was built swiftly and became a landmark in one of the most important squares in the city. Of Neo-classical derivation with Palladian elements, the design of the building is notable for the erudition of its central portico of six Ionic columns, which elegantly emphasizes the comparative austerity of the wings, and for its balanced proportions, which blend into the overall context of the city. The building became one of the most familiar sights of Lisbon. Lodi also designed the Teatro da Quinta das Laranjeiras (...

Article

(b Strasbourg, Oct 31, 1740; d London, March 11, 1812).

Alsatian painter, illustrator and stage designer, active in France and England. Loutherbourg’s father, Philipp Jakob (1698–1768), was an engraver and miniature painter to the court of Darmstadt. In 1755 he took his family to Paris, where Loutherbourg became a pupil of Carle Vanloo; he also attended Jean-Georges Wille’s engraving academy in the Quai des Augustins and Francesco Casanova’s studio. Wille directed Loutherbourg’s attention to 17th-century Dutch landscape artists, such as Philips Wouwerman and Nicolaes Berchem, and in 1763 Denis Diderot noticed the inspiration of the latter in Loutherbourg’s first Salon exhibit, a landscape with figures (Liverpool, Walker A.G.). In this and other works, focus is on the foreground figures, which are framed by natural formations that occasionally fall away to reveal distant horizons. This informal style found favour with the French public; Loutherbourg’s vivid, fresh colour and ability to catch specific light and weather conditions made the pastoral subjects of François Boucher and his school seem contrived and fey. Rather more romanticized were Loutherbourg’s shipwreck scenes (e.g. ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1770, in Reggio Emilia; died 1845, in Barcelona.

Painter.

Giuseppe Lucini painted stage sets.

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 9 September 1758, in Edinburgh; died 10 April 1840, in Edinburgh.

Painter, stage set designer, landscapist. Portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes.

Alexander Nasmyth was the son of Michael Nasmyth, an architect and house builder behind much of Edinburgh's New Town. Alexander attended Edinburgh Academy while serving as an apprentice coachbuilder. While a student at the Academy, his talent was recognised by Allan Ramsay who took him on as an assistant in his London studio. In ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 21 April 1772, in San Miniato; died 9 March or or, in Naples.

Painter, architect. Stage sets.

Antonio Niccolini carried out decorative work for the theatres of Florence, Naples and Bari. He also undertook a number of theatre restoration projects, particularly that of the Teatro Rossi in Pisa and the exterior renovation of the Teatro San Carlo in Naples. The Teatro San Carlo was subsequently destroyed by fire on the ...

Article

Isabella Di Resta

(b San Miniato al Monte, Florence, April 21, 1772; d Naples, March 9, 1850).

Italian architect, stage designer and writer. He grew up in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, where his father, who worked as a prison guard, was interested in architecture and encouraged his son when, at the age of 14, he began to make drawings of buildings in Florence and to study the treatises of Vitruvius, Alberti and Palladio. He painted frescoes of architectural views in the workshop of the painter Pasquale Cioffi and was introduced to the art of theatrical design by Francesco Fontanesi (1751–95). Niccolini was greatly drawn to the culture and art of central Europe and was undoubtedly influenced also by the circle of the dramatist Vittorio Alfieri who had founded an academic theatre in the Palazzo d’Albany, Florence, for which Niccolini painted the scenery. He was also engaged in restoring and designing sets for a number of other Tuscan theatres, and his reputation for this work soon spread outside the Grand Duchy. In ...

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 6 August 1775, in Utrecht; died 17 February 1847, in Utrecht.

Painter. Landscapes. Stage sets.

Utrecht: Landscapes (two)

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1766; died 3 October 1846, in Reggio.

Painter. Stage sets.

Nephew of Giovanni Antonio.

Article

Alain Gruber

(b Besançon, Oct 25, 1745; d Besançon, Aug 1, 1819).

French architect and stage designer. He was the son of Pierre-François Pâris, a master builder turned architect. He was brought up in the modest court of the Prince-Bishop of Basle at Porrentruy in Switzerland, where from 1750 his father was official architect and topographer. He went to Paris probably in 1760 to study under the architect Louis-François Trouard, and after three unsuccessful attempts at the Prix de Rome in 1766, 1768 and 1769, he obtained the support of the Marquis de Marigny and the Duc d’Aumont with his project for entertainments at the wedding of the Dauphin and Marie-Antoinette, planned for 1770. He then went to the Académie de France in Rome as tutor to Trouard’s young son. During his five years there he associated with Cardinal de Bernis, Charles de Wailly, Jean-Honoré Fragonard and Bergeret de Grancourt and contributed to the Abbé de Saint-Non’s Voyage pittoresque with drawings of antique monuments at Pompeii, Paestum, Herculaneum and elsewhere. He also travelled through Italy, from Sicily to Venice and the Piedmont, and kept travel journals of considerable interest. His many portfolios of architectural drawings were highly successful on his return to Paris and brought him employment: improvements to the Duc d’Aumont’s residence on the Place Louis XV (...

Article

Polish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1732 (1730 ?), in Warsaw; died 23 August 1817, in Warsaw.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative artist. Historical subjects, portraits. Church decoration, murals, stage sets.

Jan Plersch studied in Augsburg with Goetz and then went to Vienna where he worked at the academy of fine arts. Plersch is known for his portraits of Polish kings and he also decorated Lazienki Palace in Warsaw with pilasters and painted three of its ceilings. He is known for his painting of ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 29 July 1766, in Mannheim; died 26 June 1842, in Dessau.

Painter, architect. Historical subjects, portraits, landscapes. Stage sets.

The son of Giuseppe Pozzi, Carlo Ignazio visited the Netherlands and Italy. He made copies of Correggio's works and painted stage sets for the theatre in Dessau in ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1 December 1759, in Savosa (Ticino), Switzerland; died 20 May 1836, in Lugano (Ticino), Switzerland.

Painter. Historical subjects, portraits. Stage sets.

Reina studied at the academy in Turin. He was in Russia in 1812.

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c.1720, in England; died 1810, in London.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist. Genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures, architectural views, ruins. Stage sets.

John Inigo Richards enjoyed a considerable reputation in his day, mainly on account of his genre compositions and landscape work, which frequently included views of Medieval English architecture and ruins, as well as his stage sets painted for the Opera House in Covent Garden, in London. He is also noted for his restoration of Leonardo da Vinci's celebrated ...