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Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1763, in Exeter; died 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, natural history (animals/insects).

John White Abbott took up painting initially as a hobby but became well known for his landscapes with animals and human figures. He was particularly influenced by the lesser Dutch masters, notably Peter de Laes. His work sufficiently impressed contemporaries such as Sir Joshua Reynolds and Benjamin West that they urged him to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and he submitted work to the Academy between ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 August 1764, in Aschach; died 1818, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver. Mythological subjects, portraits.

Joseph Abel's remarkable abilities became evident at a very early age. Taken on by Füger, he made such rapid progress that he was soon painting. He caught the attention of the head of the Czartoryski family, who took the young artist to Poland. There he did various works before moving to Rome, arriving in ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views.

S. Acton lived in London between 1791 and 1802 and exhibited at the Royal Academy.

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1748, in Vienna; died 1811, in Vienna.

Engraver.

This distinguished engraver established a very considerable reputation, particularly with a series of portraits of well-known Austrians that he carried out in collaboration with his friend Johann Ernst Mansfeld. The best of them is considered to be that of the Empress Marie-Louise. The plates he did in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the beginning of the 19th century.

Engraver. Architectural views.

Jean Adam was a pupil of the older Sellier and of Van Mechel. He made the plates for Belidore's Hydraulic Architecture ( Architecture Hydraulique), for Carnot's Attack and Defence of Strongholds...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Exeter, USA, from 1770 to 1810.

Engraver. Ex-libris plates.

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active from 1800 active in England.

Born 24 March 1767, in Geneva; died 27 December 1849, in London.

Painter, engraver. History painting, portraits, genre scenes, animals.

The scion of a rich family of Scottish origin, Agasse had every opportunity to develop his artistic tastes in the best possible conditions. He was encouraged by painters Massot and Toppfer, and went to Paris, where he was admitted to David's studio on 5 September 1787, subsequently working under the direction of Horace Vernet. He remained in Paris until around 1798, when a downturn in his fortunes prompted him to accept an offer by a rich Englishman, who took him to London in late October 1800. He lived modestly there, finally being presented to the Regent only 20 years after first taking up residence in London....

Article

Portuguese, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1767, in Oporto.

Engraver (line-engraving). Portraits, natural history, costume studies.

After completing his studies at the academy in Oporto in 1793, Aguilar moved to London to perfect his skills in the studio of Thomas Milton, an engraver of landscapes. On his return to Portugal in ...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1773, in Charleston (South Carolina); died 1846, in Philadelphia.

Engraver (line-engraving), illustrator.

James Akin was born in South Carolina, but moved first to Philadelphia and then to Newburyport and Salem in Massachusetts. Among his works are a portrait of ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in England.

Born 1747, probably in Piedmont; died c. 1810, in England.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman.

An art lover who began to publish a suite of 12 colour engravings in Genoa in 1787 entitled Picturesque Voyage in the Appenines. The series, completed in ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1770, in Bedano, near Lugano; died 1812, in Milan.

Engraver (etching), draughtsman.

Studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan under his father Giocondo Albertolli; engraved a number of head studies in the classical manner. His body of work includes portraits of leading dignitaries of the day, notably his ...

Article

Swedish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1766, in Sweden; died 1853.

Painter, engraver. Flowers, fruit. Portraits.

Johann Aleander was a temporary teacher at the Stockholm academy. He did engravings of flowers and fruit. A view of the Cape, after G. Le Moine, is also known. He also painted portraits....

Article

Patrick Conner

(b Maidstone, Kent, April 10, 1767; d Maidstone, July 23, 1816).

English painter, engraver, draughtsman and museum official. The son of a coachbuilder, he was apprenticed to Julius Caesar Ibbetson before enrolling in 1784 at the Royal Academy Schools, London. In 1792 he accepted the post (previously declined by Ibbetson) of draughtsman to George, 1st Earl Macartney, on his embassy to China. As the embassy returned by inland waterway from Beijing to Canton, Alexander made detailed sketches of the Chinese hinterland—something achieved by no British artist previously and by very few subsequently. These sketches formed the basis for finished watercolours (e.g. Ping-tze Muen, the Western Gate of Peking, 1799; London, BM) and for numerous engravings by both himself and others. For over fifty years his images of China were widely borrowed by book illustrators and by interior decorators in search of exotic themes.

Alexander was also a keen student of British medieval antiquities, undertaking several tours in order to make drawings of churches and monuments; many of these were reproduced in the antiquarian publications of ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th century and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Engraver, illustrator.

Aliprandi was a line and stipple engraver and illustrator who engraved a number of Fragonard subjects, together with scenes of the Revolution (in the manner of Le Barbier) and several portraits of Louis XVIII (after A. du Morrona). He also illustrated the Venice Almanach of ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1762, in Paris; died 27 December 1817, in Paris.

Engraver.

He is best known for his portraits.

Munich, 25 Nov 1976: Portrait of Molière (aquatint, after Garneray) DEM 450

Paris, 8 March 2000: Marie Antoinette, Queen of France...

Article

Vivian Atwater

(b 1762; d Paris, Dec 27, 1817).

French printmaker. During the last two decades of the 18th century he followed Jean-François Janinet and Louis-Marin Bonnet in popularizing the technique of multiple-plate colour printing for the progressive tonal intaglio processes of mezzotint, aquatint, stipple and crayon manner. Alix produced many illustrations of contemporary Parisian life and fashion but was best known for his colour aquatint portraits of celebrated figures of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic period. In 1789 he provided 18 sheets for an engraved portrait collection published by Levacher de Charnois, which documented members of the French National Assembly. Alix also produced colour prints of such Revolutionary heroes as Jean-Paul Marat, Marie-Joseph Chalier and Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier, after pastel drawings by Jacques-Louis David and other artists. Chief among such prints, which were widely distributed to promote patriotic zeal, were Alix’s portraits of the boy heroes Joseph Barra and Agricola Viala. One of his best works of the period is a portrait of ...

Article

David Alexander and Stephen Deuchar

English family of artists of Danish descent. The earliest member active in England was Sefferien Alken (1717–82), who was a wood-carver, gilder and stone-carver employed by William Chambers. His son (1) Samuel Alken was an engraver. Four of Samuel Alken’s sons, Samuel Alken (1784–c. 1825), (2) Henry (Thomas) Alken, George Alken (c. 1794–?1837) and Sefferien John Alken (1796–1857), were sporting artists. In the next generation Henry Alken’s sons Samuel Henry (Gordon) Alken (1810–94), known as Henry Alken junior, and Sefferien Alken (1821–73) were also artists.

Gunnis F. Siltzer: The Story of British Sporting Prints (London, 1928, rev. 1979) S. Mitchell: The Dictionary of Equestrian Artists (Woodbridge, 1985)

David Alexander

(b London, Oct 22, 1756; bur; London, Nov 9, 1815).

Engraver. He entered the Royal Academy Schools, London, as a sculptor in 1772. In 1779...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1785; died 8 April 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes, hunting scenes (hunting with hounds), sporting subjects.

Henry Alken showed two portraits at London's Royal Academy in 1801 and 1802. Alken was first and foremost a painter of hunting and sporting subjects. In ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1750; died 1815.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Hunting scenes, sporting subjects, landscapes, topographical views.

First of the Alken dynasty of hunting, sporting and horse-riding painters, Samuel Alken worked in London from 1780 to 1798. He was an aquatint engraver whose primary interest was in landscapes, as exemplified by ...