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Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1763, in Exeter; died 1851.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, natural history (animals/insects).

John White Abbott took up painting initially as a hobby but became well known for his landscapes with animals and human figures. He was particularly influenced by the lesser Dutch masters, notably Peter de Laes. His work sufficiently impressed contemporaries such as Sir Joshua Reynolds and Benjamin West that they urged him to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and he submitted work to the Academy between ...

Article

Susan Morris

(b Exeter, May 13, 1764; d Exeter, 1851).

English watercolourist, painter and apothecary. He was nephew of the prominent lawyer John White (1744–1825). An important patron of Francis Towne, he spent his entire career in Exeter as an apothecary and surgeon. Abbot was a keen amateur artist, taking lessons from Towne, but although he was an Honorary Exhibitor of landscape oils at the Royal Academy, London, from 1793 to 1805 and again in 1810 and 1812, he never sold a picture. His oil Fordland (1791; priv. col., see Oppé, pl. xxxii) is a plein-air study of woodland that owes much to Gainsborough’s early work in its naturalism and broken, delicate handling.

In 1791 Abbott toured Scotland, the Lake District, Lancashire, Derbyshire and Warwickshire. He toured Monmouthshire in 1797, and again in 1827, as well as Gloucestershire and Wiltshire. He also made studies of Richmond, Surrey, in 1842, but the bulk of his work was done in the vicinity of Exeter. The ...

Article

Isabelle Denis

[Abel, Alexandre-Denis]

(b Douai, Jan 30, 1785; d Paris, Sept 28, 1861).

French painter. He was the natural son of Alexandre de Pujol de Mortry, a nobleman and provost of Valenciennes, but did not use his father’s name until after 1814. He trained first at the Académie de Valenciennes (1799–1803), then at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and in the studio of Jacques-Louis David. At the end of 1805 it seemed he would have to end his apprenticeship for lack of money but David let him continue free of charge, so impressed had he been by Philopoemen… Splitting Wood (1806; ex-Delobel priv. col., Valenciennes). The astonishing Self-portrait (Valenciennes, Mus. B.-A.), showing the artist as the very image of a romantic hero, dates from this period.

From 1808 Abel exhibited history paintings at the Salon, making his living, however, by painting shop signs. In 1811 he won the prestigious Prix de Rome and his father subsequently permitted him to adopt his name. Thus from ...

Article

Andrzej Ryszkiewicz

(b Aschach, Aug 22, 1764; d Vienna, Oct 4, 1818).

Austrian painter. He studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna under Jakob Matthias Schmutzer (1733–1811) from 1783. On the advice of his mentor, Heinrich Füger, Abel turned from landscape to history painting, winning a gold medal in 1794 for Daedalus and Icarus (Vienna, Akad. Bild. Kst.). He was invited to Poland in 1795 by Prince Adam Casimir Czartoryski, and he produced numerous family portraits for the prince in a variety of media. In 1797 he returned to Vienna, where he taught, as well as undertaking commissions for paintings and for prints (e.g. Portrait of the Artist’s Father, see Aurenhammer, fig.).

Abel had a preference for Classical subject-matter during his early training, and this was reinforced by his stay in Rome from 1801 to 1807. During this period he painted his most important work, F. G. Klopstock in Elysium (1803–7; Vienna, Belvedere), in collaboration with his friend ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 August 1764, in Aschach; died 1818, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver. Mythological subjects, portraits.

Joseph Abel's remarkable abilities became evident at a very early age. Taken on by Füger, he made such rapid progress that he was soon painting. He caught the attention of the head of the Czartoryski family, who took the young artist to Poland. There he did various works before moving to Rome, arriving in ...

Article

Danish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1743, in Copenhagen; died 1809, in Copenhagen.

Painter. History painting, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, figures.

Nikolai Abildgaard was first taught by his father, the distinguished draughtsman Søren Abildgaard. He was then sent to the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen, where he won the 'great gold medal' (awarded two years after the gold medal). Shortly afterwards he went to Italy, where he spent six years, visiting the major art centres and studying the old masters. He stayed mainly in Rome, where he made copies of Raphael, Michelangelo and Titian, and met Jens Juel, Tobias Sergel, and Henry (Johann Heinrich) Fuseli....

Article

Jens Peter Munk

(b Copenhagen, Sept 11, 1743; d Frederiksdal, Copenhagen, June 4, 1809).

Danish painter, designer and architect. His paintings reveal both Neo-classical and Romantic interests and include history paintings as well as literary and mythological works. The variety of his subject-matter reflects his wide learning, a feature further evidenced by the broad range of his creative output. In addition to painting, he produced decorative work, sculpture and furniture designs, as well as being engaged as an architect. Successfully combining both intellectual and imaginative powers, he came to be fully appreciated only in the 1980s.

He studied at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi in Copenhagen (1764–72), and in 1767 he assisted Johan Edvard Mandelberg (1730–86) in painting the domed hall of the Fredensborg Slot with scenes from the Homeric epic the Iliad. In 1772 he was granted a five-year travelling scholarship from the Kunstakademi to study in Rome. During his Roman sojourn he extensively copied works of art from the period of antiquity up to that of the Carracci family. His friendships with the Danish painter Jens Juel, the Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel and the Swiss painter Johann Heinrich Fuseli placed him among artists who were in the mainstream of a widespread upheaval in European art. In these years Abildgaard developed both Neo-classical and Romantic tastes; his masterpiece of the period is ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Born probably in Kempten.

Painter.

He was still working in Ulm in 1812.

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 18th and at the beginning of the 19th century.

Painter, engraver. Architectural views.

S. Acton lived in London between 1791 and 1802 and exhibited at the Royal Academy.

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter.

Adriazola was also a mathematician, journalist and soldier.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Baptised 12 July 1767, in Lyons; died 1831, in Versailles.

Painter. Figures, portraits, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Étienne-Louis Advinent seems to have settled at Versailles in 1818. He exhibited at Marseilles in 1818 and in Paris in 1819. He painted landscapes with animals in the style of Pillement and still-lifes, especially dead birds. He made a dozen etchings; Raynaud, the engraver at Aix, reproduced several of his works....

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active from 1800 active in England.

Born 24 March 1767, in Geneva; died 27 December 1849, in London.

Painter, engraver. History painting, portraits, genre scenes, animals.

The scion of a rich family of Scottish origin, Agasse had every opportunity to develop his artistic tastes in the best possible conditions. He was encouraged by painters Massot and Toppfer, and went to Paris, where he was admitted to David's studio on 5 September 1787, subsequently working under the direction of Horace Vernet. He remained in Paris until around 1798, when a downturn in his fortunes prompted him to accept an offer by a rich Englishman, who took him to London in late October 1800. He lived modestly there, finally being presented to the Regent only 20 years after first taking up residence in London....

Article

Stephen Deuchar

(b Geneva, March 24, 1767; d London, Dec 27, 1849).

English painter of Swiss birth. Born into a wealthy and politically influential Huguenot family, Agasse spent his early childhood at the country estate of Crévin, where he may have developed the interest in animals and natural history that was to guide his later career as an artist in England. Agasse trained first at the Ecole du Colibri in Geneva and subsequently in Paris under Jacques-Louis David (beginning in 1787) and possibly under Horace Vernet. His early artistic output consisted chiefly of unpretentious silhouette ‘cut-outs’ in the style of Jean-Daniel Huber. At this time he also undertook a serious study of dissection and veterinary science.

Agasse first visited England in his early 20s, at the invitation of the Hon. George Pitt, 1st Baron Rivers (?1722–1803), whom he had met in either Geneva or Paris c. 1790. He stayed briefly at Rivers’s home, Stratfield Saye, Hants, before returning to Europe for another decade, then emigrated permanently to England in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1757, in Niort (Deux-Sèvres); died 1828.

Painter, copyist. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits.

His religious and mythological scenes and his portraits sometimes have a lyric quality reminiscent of Delacroix. He is also known for his Schemes for a New System for Promotion of the Arts...

Article

Swedish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1752; died 1813, in Uppsala.

Painter.

Johan Ahlberg studied with Lorenz Pasch the Younger at the Stockholm academy. In 1786, he taught drawing at the University of Uppsala, and was admitted to the Swedish academy in 1791. He is best known for his portraits....

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter. Landscapes.

G. Ainsley exhibited a total of 12 paintings at London's Royal Academy between 1799 and 1819.

Article

Russian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 22 May 1753; died 15 May 1814, in St Petersburg.

Painter. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects.

In 1762 this artist was admitted as a pupil to the St Petersburg academy, which he attended until 1772. A trip to Italy followed, funded by the Russian government. In Bologna, where he attended the academy, he copied a large number of works and was influenced mainly by Guercino. He visited Rome in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 July 1756, in Lautrec (Tarn); died most probably, in Bordeaux.

Painter, decorative designer. Theatre decoration.

Pierre-Joseph Alaux studied painting and decoration with his father, Joseph, a painter, decorator and master weaver born at the beginning of the 18th century. Pierre-Joseph had several children, including three painter sons: Jean-Pierre the Elder, who created the 'neorama', Jean, nicknamed Romain, and Jean-Paul, known as Gentil. He worked principally in Bordeaux, a town then expanding rapidly, and where in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1772, in Paris.

Painter.

Grandson of Georges Alavoine, carriage-painter, he entered the École des Beaux-Arts on 13 nivôse in the year V (January 1797). His father is mentioned at that date as a coach-painter.