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Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1797, in Zurich; died 1839, in Munich.

Painter, engraver, lithographer. Landscapes.

An amateur artist who produced a series of burin engravings of views of Zurich for Vögeli's book Old Zurich in the 15th Century.

London, 25 May 1982: View of the city of Zurich...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1420, in Perugia; died 8 July 1496, in Perugia.

Painter, fresco artist. Religious subjects.

Perugian School.

In the 15th century the artists of Perugia were influenced both by the naturalism and feeling for light that is characteristic of the Florentines and the decorative elegance of the Sienese. Bonfigli, who was at the Vatican at the same time as Fra Angelico, in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Died 21 June 1840, in Paris.

Painter.

Awarded third-class medal at the 1840 Salon for his painting 16th Century Scholar.

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 25 February 1851, in Rome; died 15 January 1892, in Rome.

Painter. Genre scenes.

In 1888 Ferraresi exhibited in Munich. He is known for a work entitled Bird Market in the 15th Century.

Rome (Gal. Nazionale d'Arte Moderna): Falconer

Article

Austrian, 15th century, male.

Active in Salzburg fromc.1440 to 1460.

Painter.

Conrad Laib was also known by the name of Pfenning, after an inscription on a panel of the Crucifixion which is in the museum in Vienna. He painted in the realist style, highlighting the subtleties of materials, in, for example, the heavy folds of woollen fabric, the glistening of gold braid and the reflection of polished armour. His treatment of anatomy sometimes tended towards exaggeration; the expressions of his subjects were unusually intense, and he favoured darker hues....

Article

Teresa S. Watts

(b Mulhouse, Sept 28, 1727; d Kassel, bur May 1798).

Swiss architect, painter, draughtsman and writer. He served as an engineer in the French army (1748–54) and drew Gothic monuments in Spain (1748) and copied ancient vases and painted idyllic landscapes in Rome (1749–54). He then stayed from 1755 to 1759 with Horace Walpole at Strawberry Hill, where he worked as a topographical artist, portrait painter and architectural draughtsman. Having left Walpole after a domestic dispute, Müntz attempted to support himself through commissions, producing drawings of a Gothic cathedral and possibly the Alhambra for Kew Gardens, a dining room and cloister (New Haven, CT, Yale U., Lewis Walpole Lib.) for Richard Bateman, and an oval room for Lord Charlemont, to complement his vase collection. All were in the Gothic style, as were a number of architectural drawings later used in a guide by Robert Manwaring (1760). Müntz left England in 1762 and spent a year recording monuments in Greece and Jerusalem before settling in Holland, where he worked until ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Paris; died before 7 September 1917, in Yerres.

Painter. History painting.

Gabriel Navier was a student of Émile Signol and Ary Scheffer. He painted mainly scenes from the 16th century and figures from the court of the Valois. He exhibited his work at the Salon de Paris ...

Article

Albanian, 19th century, male.

Active at the end of the 19th century.

Painter.

Jorgii Panariti defied the orthodoxy of the time and in 1883 painted on Mount Athos in Greece a portrait of Skandenberg, the 15th century Albanian hero whose memory 19th century Albanians linked to their war of independence. Later artists have elaborated on this theme in a romantic as well as in a nationalist vein....

Article

(b Pateley Bridge, Yorks, Sept 9, 1821; d London, Feb 5, 1889).

English painter, printmaker and writer. After being educated at a school for the sons of Methodist ministers, he was articled to the Gothic Revival architect Edward James Willson (1787–1854) in Lincoln. Willson allowed him to spend much of his time drawing the paintings and sculptures in Lincoln Cathedral and after three years let him leave to become a painter. Smetham then worked as a portrait painter in Shropshire before moving to London (1843), where he studied as a probationer at the Royal Academy Schools and met Dante Gabriel Rossetti, who became a close friend. In 1851 he made his début at the Royal Academy and was appointed drawing-master at Normal College in Westminster, London, a post he retained for the next 26 years. He met John Ruskin in 1854, who was greatly impressed by his work. The first of his many breakdowns occurred in 1857. His early work remains largely unknown, but such paintings as ...