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Michael Eissenhauer

(b Oels, Silesia, June 18, 1831; d Hannover, Sept 6, 1880).

German architect. He enrolled at the Polytechnische Schule in Hannover in 1849. His career was furthered especially by Conrad Wilhelm Hase; after completing his studies in 1853 he worked in Hase’s practice where he was able to design and supervise his first independent architectural projects. He was influenced by Hase in his preference for medieval styles of building, especially Gothic. In 1856 he went to Paris where he spent some time working for Viollet-le-Duc’s office. Oppler returned to Hannover c. 1859 and started his own architectural practice there. In his short working life he produced a substantial body of work comprising c. 100 individual design projects, most of which were realized, innumerable interiors including furniture and household equipment, and finally seven annual issues of the periodical Kunst im Gewerbe, which was virtually based on his own designs and articles. His clients were businessmen, representatives of the upper-middle classes and members of the nobility. He built large-scale houses, villas and business premises for them, as well as imposing blocks of flats in Hannover, Bonn, Baden-Baden, Nuremberg and elsewhere. Oppler carried out extensive exterior and interior alterations at the Marienburg (...