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Article

Canadian, 19th century, male.

Born 2 November 1828, in St Andrews (New Brunswick); died 9 January 1901, in Providence (Rhode Island).

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Portraits, religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

Bannister's father was form Barbados and his mother was Scottish. He was born in Canada right after slavery was abolished. He went to live in New York were he was a sailor and settled in Boston in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 11 February 1855, in Worcester (Massachusetts); died 1940, in Brookline (Massachusetts).

Painter, printmaker. Portraits, landscapes, religious subjects.

Ellen Day Hale was the only daughter of the theologian and writer, Rev. Edward Everett Hale. She was a pupil of Rimmer, W.M. Hunt and Helen M. Knowlton in Boston. She attended classes at the Pennsylvania Academy in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 10 February 1860, in New York; died 22 February 1942, in Cresskill (New Jersey).

Painter, fresco artist, engraver. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Charles Rollinson Lamb trained at the Art Students League in New York, and later became its president. He was the brother of the Frederick Stymetz Lamb, and worked with him in the family's stained glass workshop, founded in ...

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Active from 1891 in France.

Born 21 June 1859, in Pittsburgh; died 25 May 1937, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, harbour views, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals.

Symbolism.

Tanner’s father was the minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, then in Philadelphia from 1866, and became Superintendent of his Church in 1888. His mother, Sarah Miller, had escaped slavery during her childhood, getting to Pittsburgh through the network called the Underground Railway. She set up a school in her own house for the children of the community. Tanner studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1880 to 1882 under Thomas Eakins (Eakins did a portrait of Tanner in 1900). He became an illustrator, notably for ...

Article

American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in England from 1763.

Born 10 October 1738, in Springfield (Pennsylvania); died 11 March 1820, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, portraits.

On his mother's death in 1756 Benjamin West the Elder moved to Philadelphia and then to New York, where he painted portraits, which were extremely well received. In June 1760 he arrived in Rome, where he was encouraged and supported by his compatriots, and he also visited Florence, Bologna and Venice. In 1763 he travelled to London with the intention of staying there only briefly before his return to the USA, but the flattering welcome he received persuaded him to settle there permanently. After his marriage - he had arranged for his fiancée to come from the USA to join him - he took on a pre-eminent position among the English painters of the day, and in 1765 he was chosen to be Director of the Incorporated Society. Three years later he was one of the commissioners in charge of organising the Royal Academy, of which he was a founder member. Four years later, on 24 March 1792 (following the death of Sir Joshua Reynolds), he was made President of the Royal Academy. Being a Quaker, West asked not to be given the rank of nobility to which his election entitled him. Though almost forgotten as a painter today, he was considered so remarkable among his own contemporaries that he was retained as President of the Royal Academy for almost 30 years. He was buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral....