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Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 30 April 1764, in Milan; died 11 February 1849, in Florence.

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), watercolourist, engraver (line-engraving). Allegorical subjects, historical subjects, battles, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Decorative schemes, church decoration, decorative designs.

After studying in Milan and Rome, Ademollo was invited to Florence to decorate the Teatro della Pergola (which has since been destroyed). He settled in Florence until his death and was widely regarded as one of the neo-classical masters of the Tuscan School. At the start of his career, he painted principally arabesques, but went on to develop his technique to the point where Ferdinand III commissioned him to decorate the Pitti Palace and to paint historical and allegorical subjects for its individual rooms. One of his best-known works is ...

Article

Dutch, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 September 1738, in Dordrecht; died 22 April 1805, in Dordrecht.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, genre scenes, landscapes with figures.

Jan Arends was the son of a surgeon and brother of the poet Rœlof. He was a pupil of Ponse. The artist spent a number of years in Amsterdam before moving to Middelburg and finally to Dordrecht, where he spent the final years of his life. Arends enjoyed an equal reputation as a painter and an engraver and was noted for his skill in perspective. A number of drawings by him were engraved by H. Immink and others; he also made etchings of various views of the province of Zeeland (...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in Norwich, baptised 5 June 1754; died 21 or 6 December 1828, in Hatfield, in very reduced circumstances.

Engraver (etching and stippling), illustrator, printmaker, draughtsman. Portraits, architecture, mythology, religious subjects.

The son of John Baldrey the Elder, John Baldrey the Younger entered the Royal Academy School to study engraving in ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born c. 1725 or 1727, in Florence; died 7 March 1815, in Lisbon.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, figures, portraits.

Francesco Bartolozzi's date of birth cannot be established with any certainty, although it is generally accepted that he was born in 1725 (some biographers say 1727 or even 1730). He was the son of a Florentine goldsmith and was exposed to the fine arts from a very early age. He worked initially for his father who was, effectively, his first teacher in the skills of engraving. Later, he enrolled at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence where he studied drawing and composition under Ignace Hugford and Ferretti. He travelled to Rome, where he copied the Old Masters and, in 1745, to Venice, where he was admitted to the workshop of master engraver Joseph Wagner. The latter proved particularly fond of his young pupil and encouraged him to produce his first work, the engraving of a drawing by G.B. Piazetta entitled ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 28 May 1778, in Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire); died 1 October 1855, in Feurs (Loire).

Painter, lithographer. Religious subjects, portraits, landscapes.

One of the founders of the Musée du Puy (Haute-Loire), France, he painted a Christ on the Cross for the court of assizes in his home town, which now hangs in the cathedral. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in ...

Article

Austrian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1 May 1753, in Salzburg; died 25 June 1829, in Prague.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

This Tyrolean artist was the son of Bergler the Elder. He went to study in Italy from 1776 to 1786 thanks to the patronage of the bishop prince of Passau. He spent most of his stay in Milan and Rome, and in the latter he found work under the supervision of A. Maron. He copied the works of Raphael and his pupils at the Vatican, and the frescoes of Domenichino. In 1784, he won the Parma academy prize. In 1786, he returned to Passau, where he became painter to the new cardinal Count Arensperg, and where he stayed until 1800. In that year he also became a teacher at the new academy in Prague, shortly later becoming its director. He trained many pupils there. Among his etchings is a series of 100 prints and ...

Article

[Jean-Guillaume]

(b Paris, May 23, 1756; d Paris, March 23, 1822).

French engraver. At baptism he was erroneously registered as Jean-Guillaume instead of Charles-Clément and has consequently been known by two different sets of Christian names, while his assumed surname was taken from his father’s nickname. He received his earliest training in Jean-Baptiste Le Prince’s studio; at the age of 14 he enrolled in the studio of the engraver Jean-Georges Wille, who thought highly of him and of his work, particularly admiring his draughtsmanship. Like his teacher, Bervic worked entirely in burin, which resulted in a severity of style comparable to that of his master. He received numerous prizes and honours. On 24 September 1774 the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in Paris awarded him first prize for drawing from the nude in the quarterly competition for students. On 25 May 1784 he was approved (agréé) as a member by the Académie. In 1792 he won the prize awarded for the encouragement of line-engraving and in ...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 28 November 1757, in London, United Kingdom; died 12 August 1827, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, poet. Religious subjects, figure compositions.

William Blake was the son of a draper. He showed a strong artistic tendency from an early age and, at the age of 10, started to study drawing at Henry Par’s Academy in the Strand. He learnt engraving under Ryland and was then apprenticed to James Basire. During his seven years with Basire (1772–1779), Blake was made to copy the sculptures of Westminster Abbey and of London’s old churches, thus stimulating his fascination with Gothic art. He studied briefly at the Royal Academy in 1779, where he made friends with Barry, Fuseli, Mortimer, Flaxman, and Stodhart. While there, his studies concentrated on Michelangelo....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1743; died after 1810.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

At the Salon de la Correspondance in 1779 he exhibited a portrait of a man and a woman; Jupiter and Io; Study of an Old Man in Gouache...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1740, in Marseilles; died 1814, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. History painting, religious subjects, allegorical subjects, mythological subjects, figures, interiors with figures, landscapes.

Michel Bounieu studied under J. B. Pierre in Paris. He was admitted to the Académie Royale on ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 14 November 1720, in Piacenza; died 31 October 1817, in Parma.

Painter, engraver (burin). Religious subjects.

London, 3 April 1992: St Margaret of Cortona (oil on canvas/card, 21 × 16¼ ins/52.5 × 41 cm) GBP 3,080

Naples, 9 Nov 1999...

Article

British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1769, in Carisbrooke (Isle of Wight); died 1842.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Religious subjects, genre scenes.

William Bromley I was initially trained by an engraver named Wooding in London, and soon acquired quite a reputation. In 1819, he was elected an associate engraver of the Royal Academy. The directors of the British Museum employed him to engrave the friezes of the Parthenon, brought back by Lord Elgin, in the style of the drawings by Corbould. His notable early works included the engravings for the ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 7 February 1746, in Rome; died 13 January 1811, in Rome.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

School of Rome.

A pupil of Volpato, Campanella produced plates for Gavin Hamilton's Schola Italica (Italian School), as well as the statues of the apostles in the church of S Govanni in Laterano, and engravings after a number of masters, particularly Raphael....

Article

Spanish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1748, in Salamanca (Castilla y León); died 1814, in Madrid.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Antonio Carnicero was a pupil at the academy of fine arts in Madrid, and after a period in Rome became painter at the court of King Charles I in ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 16 October 1726, in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland); died 7 February 1801, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, miniaturist, enameller, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Of Polish origin, he went to Berlin in 1743. Originally a painter of enamels, he then, after studying under Christian Bernhard Rode, gained a name for himself through the publication of the Berlin academy almanac, for which he executed a series of plates illustrating the main scenes of the ...

Article

Flemish School, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1741, in Liège; died 1817, in Liège.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes.

Jan Baptiste Bernard was a son of Jan Baptiste Pierre Coclers. He travelled in Italy, then lived for some time in Maastricht and Leiden, later in London and in Paris. He settled in Amsterdam and did not return to Liège till 1815....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Paris from 1760 to 1815.

Born in Abbeville.

Engraver.

Antoine Dennel is possibly the brother of Louis Dennel. His works include The Blessing, after Le Brun; Christ Dead, after Carrachi; The Chastity of Joseph, after Spada; The Holy Family at Rest...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 18 July 1741, in Ehrenstetten-in-Breisgau; died 22 May 1813, in Munich.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, landscapes.

Johann Jakob Dorner the Elder was the brother of Joseph and of Fridolin. He worked in the most diverse genres and left many portraits as well as paintings of religious and historical subjects, landscapes and even genre paintings. His engravings include: ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 1 April 1766, in Montpellier; died 16 March 1837, in Montpellier.

Painter, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, portraits, landscapes.

From childhood, François Xavier Fabre proved himself gifted in the arts. In 1781, when still young, he sent works to the Exposition de Montpellier. His first master, Coustou, recommended him to Vien and David, in whose studios he continued his studies. In 1787 he won the Prix de Rome with ...

Article

Ekhart Berckenhagen

(b Berlin, Feb 9, 1738; d Berlin, Feb 28, 1815).

German painter, draughtsman and etcher. He was taught by his father, Ferdinand Helfreich Frisch (1707–58), and by Christian Bernhard Rode (1725–97), supplementing this training by copying pictures in the royal gallery at Sanssouci in Potsdam. He travelled with Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d’Argens (1704–71), to Provence and Rome, where from the spring of 1765 he made studies of antiquities and studies after Raphael, Annibale Carracci and Guido Reni. On his return to Berlin in 1768, he undertook commissions mainly for monumental and historical paintings. He executed wall and ceiling paintings in several Potsdam palaces: the Berliner Schloss (1789), the former Niederländisches Palais (before 1779), the Neues Palais (1768, c. 1795), the Neue Kammern at Sanssouci (1774) and the Marmorpalais (1790), and in the Schloss auf der Pfaueninsel (c. 1796). He also produced easel paintings of mythological and historical subjects primarily relating to Frederick II, King of Prussia, and more than 30 known portraits, among them ...