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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 September 1913, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figures, portraits, landscapes, flowers. Church decoration, stage sets.

Symbolism.

The son of Roger Maillart, the painter, and grandson of Diogène Maillart, Jean Denis studied under Devandez and Orthon Friez. He was awarded the Médaille de Vermeil de la Ville de Paris in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1869, in Ropczyce; died 1946, in Wadowice.

Painter, engraver. Allegorical subjects, portraits, interiors, still-lifes, landscapes. Stage sets, church decoration, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Józef Mehoffer studied at the Cracow academy from 1887 to 1889...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 24 October 1796, in Edinburgh; died 25 November 1864, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, designer. Landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, church interiors, interiors, ruins. Stage sets.

Orientalism.

David Roberts came from a humble background and was initially apprenticed to a painter-decorator, but soon turned his hand to stage set design. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....