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American, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Chestertown (Maryland); died 24 May 1831, in Philadelphia.

Painter. History painting, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes. Miniatures.

Hudson River School.

James Peale the Elder was the pupil of his brother, Charles Willson Peale. He worked in Philadelphia from 1783 onwards. Having worked as a cabinet-maker, and served in the Continental Army during the Revolution, he settled in Philadelphia, where he specialised in miniatures until his sight failed. He was one of the so-called naive painters, in spite of the training he had received from his brother....