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Article

female.

Painter.

Ancient Greek.

Alcisthene is perhaps the name of a woman painter from antiquity, but scholars disagree on the meaning of the relevant passage in Pliny. '(Pinxit) Alkisthene saltatorem' (Alcisthene [painted] the dancer) should perhaps be read as 'Alkisthenem saltatorem' ([painted] the dancer Alkisthene). In the latter case, Alcisthene would be the name of a (male) dancer depicted in a painting from the Greek period....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1893, in Athens; died 1972.

Painter, draughtsman (charcoal), illustrator. Scenes with figures, landscapes. Posters, murals, stage costumes and sets.

Nuagisme.

Pericles Byzantios studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and returned to Greece in 1916. Early on, Byzantios was influenced by Bonnard and Vuillard. He used a broad stroke, softly animated lighting, and a pleasing palette of ochres and blues. His charcoal and pencil sketches allowed him to achieve an almost Expressionist line in his depiction of elegant women and Parisian passers by....

Article

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Athens; died 1985.

Painter, illustrator, decorative designer, poet. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, urban landscapes. Stage sets, stage costumes, icons.

Nico Engonopoulos spent his childhood in Istanbul, then known as Constantinople. After an aimless stay in Paris, he studied at the school of fine art in Athens ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1924.

Born 1905, in Port Said, Egypt, to a French mother and a Greek father; died 1990, in Seine-Port, France.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Figures, figure compositions, still-lifes, portraits. Stage costumes and sets.

Mayo was educated in Alexandria but went to Paris in ...

Article

Odeion  

F. B. Sear

[Lat. odeum]

Type of concert hall where musical performances and recitations took place in the Greek and Roman world; the word derives from ode (Gr.: ‘song’). The oldest known odeion was built for musical contests by Pericles (mid-5th century bc) at the foot of the Acropolis next to the Theatre of Dionysos. It was almost square (c. 68×62.4 m) and covered with a pyramidal roof, said to have been based upon the roof of the tent of Xerxes, King of Persia. The forest of columns needed to support the roof must have created visual and acoustic problems. There is no archaeological evidence for any other odeion until the 1st century bc, although there are many examples of a related type of building, the Bouleuterion or ekklesiasterion. The ekklesiasterion at Priene (c. 150 bc), for example, has rectilinear seating on three sides, while the bouleuterion at Miletos (c....

Article

Area in a theatre between the stage and the audience’s seating area. In the ancient Greek theatre this was a large circular space used by the chorus and dancers in the ancient Roman theatre it was semicircular and reserved as seating for distinguished spectators in the modern theatre it is a narrow space, usually sunken (the ‘pit’), for musicians....

Article

Parodos  

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1922 and naturalised from 1949.

Born 12 August 1916, in Istanbul, to Greek parents; died 23 October 1985, in Eygalières, France.

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman (including ink/wash), sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes, mountainscapes, landscapes with figures, harbour scenes...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1948.

Born 14 September 1936, in Kastoria.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, happenings artist, sculptor of assemblages, photographer, mixed media.

Neo-Dadaism.

In 1948 at the age of 12, Samaras arrived in the USA with his family. He became acquainted with Allan Kaprow and George Segal, a major factor in his development, at Rutgers University between ...

Article

Skene  

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born 1922, in Smyrna (now Izmir).

Sculptor, painter. Masks, stage costumes.

Stathmi Group.

Spiteris studied at the school of fine arts in Athens. She was a member of the avant-garde Stathmi group. She travelled to France, Germany, Austria and Switzerland, familiarizing herself with the latest innovations in sculpture. In her early work, Spiteris first expressed her art using torn, shredded forms, especially in the ...

Article

Thorsten Opper

[Gr.: ‘drinking together’]

Highly ritualized drinking party that developed in Archaic and Classical Greece. Initially restricted to aristocratic circles, participants were exclusively male; women, if they attended at all, attended in subordinate roles as servants, dancers, musicians, prostitutes or more refined courtesans (Gr. hetairai). A symposion took place in specially constructed room, the andron (men's room), fitted to accommodate a series of klinai (dining couches) along the walls and usually recognizable in the archaeological footprint of a house through its off-centre doorway. Food was a secondary element; it was offered first and served on small, low tables standing in front of the couches. After the meal and a sacrifice, the drinking began. Revellers elected one of their number as symposiarch, or master of proceedings, whose task it was to decide the pace of drinking and ratio of wine to water to be imbibed (Greeks always diluted their wine; drinking it undiluted was considered barbaric); he would also determine a topic for conversation. Symposia could range from highly philosophical discourse (as immortalized in Plato's famous dialogue, ...

Article

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in Athens.

Born 1910, in Piraeus; died 20 July 1994, in Athens.

Painter, illustrator. Mythological subjects, self-portraits, portraits, nudes, interiors, landscapes. Stage costumes and sets.

Yannis Tsarouchis' first public work was the production of sets and costumes for Maeterlinck's play ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active from 1948 to 1964 in France.

Born 6 August 1914, in Eleusis; died 26 January 1965, in Athens.

Painter. Stage costumes and sets.

An architecture graduate of the polytechnic school in Athens, Thanos Tsingos initially practised as an architect in Greece until the war, beginning to paint in 1932. He enlisted in the Greek army in 1939 and served until 1945. When the Germans reached Greece, he joined up with the allied forces in the Near East. After the war he spent time in Brazil where he worked with the architects who drew up the plans for Brasilia. He settled in Paris in 1948 and devoted himself to painting. He spent time regularly in Greece from 1958 and settled in Athens in 1964....