1-20 of 20 results  for:

  • Greek/Roman Art x
  • Books, Manuscripts, and Illustration x
Clear all

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1960, in Athens.

Painter (including gouache), draughtswoman, illustrator, lithographer. Landscapes, seascapes, animals. Artist's books.

Ianna Andreadis studied at the schools of fine art in Dijon, Bourges and Paris between 1978 and 1983. She studied prehistory at the Institut d'Art et d'Archéologie de Paris in ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

Charles Buchanan

Type of large-format Bible, usually found in pandect (single-volume) form, produced in central Italy and Tuscany from around 1060 to the middle of the 12th century. They came out of the efforts of a reformist papacy intent on wresting control over ecclesiastical investiture from the Holy Roman Emperor. The Giant Bibles were produced in reformed canonries and monasteries and then exported to the same, not only in Italy but throughout Europe.

The term ‘Atlantic’ (from the mythological giant Atlas) is derived from their impressive size; dimensions range from 550 to 600 mms by 300 to 400 mms. Their script, derived from Caroline minuscule, is placed in two columns of around fifty-five lines. The texts are decorated with two initial types, which Edward B. Garrison designated as ‘geometrical’ and ‘full shaft’, both of which are derived from Carolingian and Ottonian exemplars, respectively. The iconography consists of full-length prophets, patriarchs, kings and saints as well as narrative scenes. The last are at times found as full-page cyclical illuminations and preface important textual divisions, especially Genesis. The iconography of the Giant Bibles is a specific Roman iconographical recension with its sources based in part on Early Christian pictorial cycles, such as the wall paintings of Old St Peter’s in Rome. These came from an era considered by the reformers to have been uncorrupted by the abuses that afflicted the Church when these Bibles were being made. While the Giant Bibles were promulgated by the Church of Rome as a symbol of its supreme authority, they also allowed the clergy to perform the liturgy, and the Divine Office in particular, properly....

Article

Kirk Ambrose

(b Moscow, May 7, 1903; d Paris, Jan 25, 1988).

Lithuanian art historian, scholar of folklore and Egyptology, and diplomat of Russian birth. Son of the celebrated Lithuanian Symbolist poet of the same name, Jurgis Baltrušaitis II studied under Henri(-Joseph) Focillon at the Sorbonne and earned the PhD in 1931. The concerns of his mentor are evident in La stylistique ornementale dans la sculpture romane (1931), which reprises and extends arguments for the ‘law of the frame’ in Romanesque sculpture. Accordingly, the shapes of architectural members, such as capitals and tympana, determined the articulation of sculptural forms. This theory could account for the genesis of a wide array of monumental carvings, from foliate capitals to narrative reliefs, but ultimately it had a rather limited impact on the field of Romanesque sculptural studies. In a scathing critique, Schapiro argued that Baltrušaitis’s book—and by implication Focillon’s methods—robbed Romanesque sculptors of agency and neglected the religious and expressive meanings of this art form....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born in Thessalonica.

Painter, illustrator, engraver (wood), lithographer. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

René Ben Sussan illustrated André Gide 's L'Immoraliste, Prosper Mérimée's Carmen, H. Béraud's The Sisters Hortensia, E. Bove's A Father and His Daughter, R. M. Rilke's The Book of Dreams...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1893, in Athens; died 1972.

Painter, draughtsman (charcoal), illustrator. Scenes with figures, landscapes. Posters, murals, stage costumes and sets.

Nuagisme.

Pericles Byzantios studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and returned to Greece in 1916. Early on, Byzantios was influenced by Bonnard and Vuillard. He used a broad stroke, softly animated lighting, and a pleasing palette of ochres and blues. His charcoal and pencil sketches allowed him to achieve an almost Expressionist line in his depiction of elegant women and Parisian passers by....

Article

Greek, 20th century, female.

Born in Kefallonia.

Painter, illustrator.

Wife of the sculptor Costas Valsamis, Zoe Catrava studied at the school of fine arts in Athens and in Paris and then at the Académie Lhote in 1956. Her work concentrated on illustrations and decorations. She exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries (...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Athens; died 1985.

Painter, illustrator, decorative designer, poet. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, urban landscapes. Stage sets, stage costumes, icons.

Nico Engonopoulos spent his childhood in Istanbul, then known as Constantinople. After an aimless stay in Paris, he studied at the school of fine art in Athens ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1962.

Born 1935, in Athens.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Scenes with figures, figures, nudes, still-lifes. Stage sets.

Alexander Fassianos was a pupil of Moralis at the school of fine art in Athens from 1954 to 1960...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in France in 1916.

Born 23 May 1882, in Athens; died 20 March 1966.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (ink/wash/red chalk/charcoal), newspaper cartoonist, engraver (etching), illustrator. Nudes, portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes, animals.

Demetrios Emmanuel Galanis attended the Cormon workshop of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1900. He enrolled at the outbreak of war in 1914, and while serving in Corfu he acquired French nationality. A member of the Institute, he taught at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1906, in Athens.

Painter, illustrator. Stage sets.

Initially a student of Parthenis in Greece, Nicos Hadjakyriakos-Ghykas went to Paris in 1922 for 12 years and took courses at the Académie Ranson. On his return to Greece, he was appointed as a teacher at the Polytechnic. He was the proponent of Cubism which, in his own work, he succeeded in combining with oriental and Byzantine elements....

Article

Alison Stones

Legends and myths in medieval art are often symbolic rather than narrative, appearing as isolated representations on monuments and portable objects and following the tradition of Greek vase painting where individual subjects are depicted and rely on prior knowledge of the stories for recognition and understanding. World histories celebrated great heroes of the past, starting with Creation and biblical history, then the ancient and medieval world with the exploits of the Trojan heroes, Alexander the Great, King Arthur and the campaigns of Charlemagne and his nephew Roland. Northern gods such as Thor were depicted in cult statues (c. 1000; Reykjavík, N. Mus.) or through such ornamental hammers as those from north Jutland in the Copenhagen Nationalmuseum, and Freya, head of the Valkyries, was painted riding a cat on the walls of Schleswig Cathedral.

The Fall of Troy is most celebrated in the early 13th-century copy of Heinrich von Veldecke’s ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in Arta.

Painter, illustrator. Designs for mosaics, stage sets, low reliefs.

Yannis Moralis studied at the Athens school of fine art from 1931 to 1936 and the École des Arts et Métiers in Paris from 1937 to 1939. He also trained in Italy. In ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France fromc.1965 to c. 1995.

Born 12 December 1928, in Stavroupoli.

Sculptor, painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, ceramicist. Figures, landscapes, seascapes.

Stavros Papassavas trained at the fine arts school in Athens from 1947 to 1952, winning first prize for sculpture. In ...

Article

Gail L. Hoffman

(fl c. 2nd half of 2nd century ad).

Greek traveller, writer and geographer. Possibly born in Lydia, he is known for his Guide to Greece in ten books, which contains detailed descriptions of monuments and the works of specific artists, as well as substantial information about Greek mythology and history.

Information concerning Pausanias’ own life is deduced from references in the Guide to Greece, where he repeatedly referred to the area around Magnesia-ad-Sipylum (I.xxiv.8; V.xiii.7; IX.xxii.4 etc.). This is, therefore, where he was probably brought up, while his assertion (VIII.ix.7) that he had not himself seen Hadrian’s favourite, Antinous (d ad 130–31), though this would evidently have been possible, suggests that Pausanias was born c. ad 115. The earliest events that he specifically stated to have occurred during his own lifetime were the construction of a shrine and temple of Asklepios at Smyrna (II.xxvi.9; VII.v.9) and the Odeion of Herodes Atticus in Athens (VII.xx.6), all of which date from the 150s and 160s ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1914, in Lefkohora Messinias; died 1985, in Athens.

Illustrator, engraver, print artist.

Alevizos Tassos studied at the School of Fine Arts, Athens Polytechnic. He was one of a group of Greek artists who concentrated on engraving, producing prints and illustrating books. He also taught engraving in Athens, founding a studio there, and wrote articles in Greek on modern French art, emphasising its positive contribution....

Article

Terence  

Elizabeth Sears

[Publius Terentius Afer]

(b Carthage, c. 190 bc; d ?Greece, 159 bc).

Roman writer. His six comedies, composed between 166 bc and 160 bc for performance before a Roman public, were admired for the purity and elegance of their Latin and became school texts, destined to be read and studied, quoted and imitated long after they had ceased to be performed. Over 700 manuscripts (5th–15th centuries ad) and a large number of printed editions attest to the plays’ enduring popularity. The medieval and Renaissance manuscripts belong to the ‘Calliopian’ recension of the text (named after the Late Antique redactor Calliopius, of whom nothing further is known) and are divided into the gamma and delta branches. At an early date—probably in Late Antiquity, if not before—the plays were illustrated: frontispieces were created and unframed images of masked, costumed, gesturing actors were inserted at the scene divisions. These pictorial cycles accompany texts of the gamma branch only, although it is not necessarily the case that the cycle was created for this recension (Grant). Extant illustrated copies of the plays, descendants of a posited Late Antique archetype, fall into three principal groups: 12 manuscripts and a fragment dating from the 9th to 12th centuries; a small number of luxury manuscripts produced in French court circles in the early 15th century; and numerous series of woodcuts prepared for printed editions of the plays in the late 15th and 16th centuries....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in Athens.

Born 1910, in Piraeus; died 20 July 1994, in Athens.

Painter, illustrator. Mythological subjects, self-portraits, portraits, nudes, interiors, landscapes. Stage costumes and sets.

Yannis Tsarouchis' first public work was the production of sets and costumes for Maeterlinck's play ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1902, in Galaxidhion.

Painter, illustrator. Religious subjects. Murals, church decoration.

Spyros Vassiliou studied at the fine art school in Athens where he lived and worked. He was appointed to teach at the Papastratou Vocational College in 1930. His entire work was influenced by Byzantine art and Greek popular art, which moved towards poetic Surrealism....

Article

Eugene Dwyer, Peter Kidson and Pier Nicola Pagliara

(fl later 1st century bc). Roman architect, engineer and writer, renowned for his treatise in ten books, On Architecture (Lat. De architectura), the only text on architectural theory and practice to have survived from Classical antiquity.

Eugene Dwyer

Vitruvius is known in the earliest manuscripts of On Architecture only by this name, a nomen gentilicium or clan name. By his own testimony (I. Preface), he was already an older man at the time he dedicated his treatise to the Emperor Augustus (?27 or 14 bc). He had earlier served Augustus’ adoptive father, Julius Caesar, as a siege engineer, and at some time after Caesar’s death (44 bc) he entered the service of Octavian (after 27 bc called Augustus). He enjoyed Octavian’s continued patronage on the recommendation of the latter’s sister, Octavia, a fact that suggests a period of service under her second husband, the triumvir ...