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Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1861, in Columbus (Ohio); died 1936, in Giverny, France.

Painter. Figures, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes with figures, waterscapes, winter landscapes, harbour views, gardens.

Theodore Butler studied under Monet and lived in Giverny. He married Monet's stepdaughter Suzanne Hoshedé in ...

Article

Eleanor M. McPeck

American landscape architect and writer. He was a descendant of Moses Cleveland, who came from Ipswich, England, in 1635, and his father, Richard Jaffry Cleveland, was a sea captain. Cleveland gained early agricultural experience in Cuba while his father served as Vice-Consul in Havana. On his return to the USA after ...

Article

Cornish  

Keith N. Morgan

American town and former artists’ colony in the state of New Hampshire. Situated on a line of hills near the eastern bank of the Connecticut River c. 160 km north-west of Boston, Cornish looks across to Windsor, VT, and Mt Ascutney. It was settled in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Hartford (Kentucky); died 1942.

Painter, pastellist. Figures, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, landscapes with figures, landscapes, gardens.

Cragsmoor Artists' Colony.

Charles Courtney Curran studied in turn in Cincinnati, at the Fine Arts Academy, at the Art Students League in New York and, in 1888, at the Académie Julian in Paris under Benjamin-Constant, Jules Lefebvre and H. Lucien Doucet. He returned to Paris on a number of occasions, but from 1903 lived mainly at the Cragsmoor artists' colony....

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1872, in Boston (Massachusetts); died 1945.

Painter. Portraits, landscapes, animals.

Robert Franz Curry was primarily a landscape artist. Born at the time of the Impressionist movement, he was part of a generation of artists who showed great sensitivity to the influence of the seasons and the weather on the landscape. In the titles of his paintings he often refers to the time of day, the season and the weather, with terms such as 'at twilight', 'winter's day' and 'snowy'....

Article

Patrick A. Snadon

American architect. From the 1830s to the 1850s he was one of the most influential architects in the USA. His work ranges from major government and institutional buildings to ornamental garden structures; his main contribution to American architecture was his introduction of the European Picturesque in his designs for Italianate and Gothic Revival country houses and cottages. With his partner, ...

Article

Arthur Channing Downs

American writer, horticulturist, landscape gardener and architect. From the age of seven he was trained in the family nursery garden by his elder brother Charles Downing (1802–85), an experimental horticulturist. Before he was 15, Downing came under the influence of André Parmentier (...

Article

Keith N. Morgan

American landscape architect, regional planner and writer. He was the son of Charles W. Eliot, the influential reforming president of Harvard College (1869–1909). He inherited much of his father’s broad vision and organizational talent, and he applied these to his interest in landscape preservation....

Article

American landscape designer. Born into a well connected family, she was introduced to important European gardens by her aunt, Edith Wharton. Farrand studied horticulture with Charles Sprague Sargent (1841–1927) at the Arnold Arboretum in Boston, MA, and in 1895 began practising as a landscape designer in New York. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 January 1853, in Paris; died 1926.

Painter. Landscapes with figures, landscapes, animals.

George Inness Junior was the son and pupil of the landscape artist George Inness. He has an important place in the American School. He was a member of the National Academy ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 20 February 1829, in Philadelphia; died 23 April 1905, in Palm Beach (Florida).

Painter, dramatic artist.

Joseph Jefferson was very well known as an actor in America, but also as a landscape artist. Several of his works are in various American museums. He owned a large collection of paintings which was sold in New York on ...

Article

Robert E. Grese

American landscape architect of Danish birth. He began building his reputation as a designer in 1888 when he delighted the Chicago public with his design for the American Garden in Union Park. With it he set the tone for a lifetime of creating natural parks and gardens. During a stormy career with Chicago’s West Parks, Jensen reshaped Union, Humboldt, Garfield, and Douglas parks. His work on Columbus Park (...

Article

Botanical gardens in Kennett Square, c. 50 km south-west of Philadelphia, PA. An Englishman, George Pierce, bought the estate in 1700 and in 1720 built a brick house (now a wing of the present house). From 1800 his descendants, the twin brothers Joshua Pierce (...

Article

Martin Segger

Canadian architect. He was the son of a British Army Royal Engineer and is reputed to have been the first white child born in the city of New Westminster. He was the foremost domestic architect in British Columbia during the period 1890–1920 and established a building style and form that gave Victoria and parts of Vancouver a distinctive Canadian west-coast flavour. Maclure was a self-taught architect, although he briefly studied painting at the Spring Garden Institute, Philadelphia, PA, in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Active from 1885 to 1909 active in France.

Born 11 August 1858, in New Haven (Connecticut); died 1946, in Bronxville (New York).

Painter, miniaturist. Figures, nudes, portraits, scenes with figures, interiors with figures, landscapes, gardens, flowers. Murals.

Mary Louise Fairchild was a student at the School of Fine Art in St Louis. There she was awarded a bursary, which enabled her to set up for three years, from ...

Article

Robin Karson

American landscape architect and planner. Manning spent his childhood in the rural countryside north of Boston and from an early age assisted in the nursery founded by his well-known father Jacob, who also took him on plant-collecting excursions in the wild. In time Manning acquired wide knowledge of both native and exotic plants, and he also became interested in landscape design, advertising his services through his father’s nursery. In ...

Article

Richard L. Dagenhart

American landscape architect and city planner. Nolen was raised in the Girard School for Orphaned Boys in Philadelphia, graduating first in his class and later graduating with his BPhil from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School in 1893. After several years working with the American Society for the Extension of University Teaching, Nolen moved to Cambridge, MA, to enroll in Harvard’s newly established School of Landscape Architecture, studying under ...

Article

Charles E. Beveridge

American landscape designer, urban planner, and writer. Influenced by 18th-century English traditions of landscape design and by his own social beliefs in the importance of community and the civilizing role of aesthetic taste, Olmsted undertook a large number of public and private commissions. His commissions ranged from regional plans and scenic reservations to residential communities, academic campuses, and the grounds of private estates. With his partner ...

Article

Keith N. Morgan

American architect, garden designer, etcher, and painter. He was brought up in New York, where he began his artistic training in 1878 at the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League. The following summer he was introduced to the recently revived art of etching, and he quickly achieved critical recognition for his work in this medium. He continued to etch for most of his life, concentrating on coastal scenes in which he strove to capture the atmospheric interaction of light, air, and water. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1861, in New York; died 12 September 1933, in Cornish.

Painter, engraver, architect, garden designer. Seascapes, landscapes, interiors.

Charles Adams Platt was a student of the National Academy of Design, the Art Students League of New York and of Lefebvre and Boulanger in Paris. He belonged to the American Federation of the Arts. He won a bronze medal at the Paris Exhibition of ...