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(b Brooklyn, NY, Nov 4, 1940).

American graphic designer, installation artist and design educator. De Bretteville attended Abraham Lincoln High School in Brooklyn, NY, and was included in the school’s Art Squad by teacher and artist Leon Friend, who submitted his students’ work to national competitions. She received a prestigious Alex Award, named after the designer Alex Steinweiss, also a former member of the Art Squad. She received a BA in art history from Barnard College, New York in 1962 and received her MFA in the graphic design program at Yale University’s School of Art in 1964. She joined the faculty of the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) and founded the first design programme for women in 1970. In 1981 she founded the communication design programme at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles (now the Otis College of Art and Design), which was at the time affiliated with the Parsons School of Design in New York. In ...

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Canadian First Nations (Ojibwa), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 14 March 1931 or 1932, near Beardmore (Ontario); died 4 December 2007, Toronto.

Painter, graphic artist. Figures, animals, Native American subjects.

Woodland Art School.

Norval Morrisseau, an Ojibwa (Anishnaabe) raised traditionally by his grandparents on the Sand Point Reserve near Lake Nipigon, called himself a ‘born artist’ and received no formal art training. In his childhood, he spent a short period at a residential school in Thunder Bay before returning to his family home in Beardmore. He was much influenced by the Ojibwa stories told by his grandparents, and during a life-threatening illness he was given a ceremonial name, Copper Thunderbird, which he signed in Cree syllabics on some of his paintings....

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Bailey Van Hook

(b Bergen Heights, NJ, June 10, 1874; d Philadelphia, PA, Feb 25, 1961).

American painter, illustrator, stained-glass artist and author. Although she worked as an illustrator early on, Oakley is remembered as a muralist. Oakley attended the Art Students League, New York, Académie Montparnasse, Paris, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, but, most importantly, a class in illustration with Howard Pyle at the Drexel Institute, Philadelphia. Pyle teamed her together with Jessie Willcox Smith (1863–1935) to illustrate an edition of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s Evangeline (1897). Smith and Oakley and another illustrator, Elizabeth Shippen Green (1871–1954), rented adjoining studios in Philadelphia and subsequently lived together in a supportive camaraderie until Green’s marriage in 1911. During her brief career as an illustrator, Oakley completed over 100 illustrations, mostly for novels and short stories.

In 1900 she created a stained-glass window on speculation, which led to a major commission for stained-glass windows, mural decoration and a mosaic altarpiece for a church in Manhattan. That project brought her to the attention of architect Joseph Huston (...

Article

Alissa Walker

(b Brooklyn, NY, May 26, 1931; d Los Angeles, CA, Aug 19, 2014).

American graphic designer and environmental designer . During a summer school at Black Mountain College in 1948, Sussman was exposed to the visual arts by a distinguished faculty including Merce Cunningham, John Cage and Franz Kline. She attended Bard College at Annandale-on-Hudson, NY, for painting and acting and specialized in graphic design at the Institute of Design in Chicago. In 1953 Sussman was invited to join the office of influential designers Charles and Ray Eames in Venice, CA, where she worked intermittently for the next decade, leaving briefly to accept the Fulbright Scholarship to study at the Hochschule für Gestaltang in Ulm. As art director of the Eames office, Sussman designed furniture showrooms, films and printed materials, and worked on revolutionary museum exhibits for IBM, the Ford Foundation and the government of India. In 1964 she travelled to India to assemble the project Nehru: The Man and His India.

Upon leaving the Eames office, Sussman founded her own practice in ...