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German, 16th century, male.

Born 1502, in Paderborn (Westphalia); died c. 1558, in Soest.

Painter, designer of ornamental architectural features, engraver. Religious subjects, portraits.

Some biographers cite Heinrich Aldegrever's birthplace as the town of Paderborn, Germany, where his parents lived, while others claim it as Soest. He certainly lived in Soest after having completed his studies. In his study of the 'Little Masters' (so called because they engraved mostly small plates), Albert Rosemberg disputes that he studied under Dürer. Rosemburg even claims that he had never been to Nuremberg, despite van Melder's confirmation that Aldegrever worked at the high altar of a church in the town. It is indisputable, however, that Dürer strongly influenced him. Other artists who influenced him are Barthel Beham and Georg Pencz....

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born c. 1480, in Altdorf, in Regensburg according to some sources; died 1538, in Regensburg.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman, architect. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, hunting scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Danube School.

Albrecht Altdorfer could be considered as important an artist as Dürer. He probably acquired basic artistic skills while working with his father Ulbrich, who is known to have became a burgher of Regensburg in 1478. Albrecht is also believed to have studied the art of miniature painting. Almost all of his artistic activity took place in Regensburg where he worked from 1508 in various official capacities, playing an active role in the public life of the town. In 1526 he was nominated as the town's architect and directed building works on the ramparts and slaughterhouses. He also became a member of the town council....

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1525, in Antwerp; died 1589.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, seascapes.

Antwerp School.

He was a pupil of his father, Willem, and of Frans Floris. He went to Italy to work from nature, and when he returned to Antwerp in 1551, became a Master of the Guild. He married in Antwerp on 2 July 1555 and had two sons who were both painters, Gillis and Hans. He painted the landscapes of paintings by Frans Floris and by his brother, Marten....

Article

Flemish School, 16th century, male.

Born 1507, in Antwerp, in 1527 according to some sources; died 1557, in 1581 according to some sources.

Draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features. Religious subjects, genre scenes, scenes with figures, rustic scenes, local scenes (kermesses).

Antwerp School.

He was the brother of Hendrick van Cleve III. A pupil of his father, Willem, and Frans Floris, he became a Master of the Antwerp Guild in ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born 1510, probably in Paris; died after 1584, in Annecy or in Geneva.

Draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, architectural views, interiors. Ornaments.

Fontainebleau School (related to).

Du Cerceau's parents' surname was Androuet; the name Du Cerceau came from a distinctive ring that hung from the top of their house in Orléans, and was added to his surname by Jacques Androuet himself. He spent most of his life in Orléans, where he lived in the family home. Many of his works are dated. Certain biographers maintain that he studied under Étienne Delaulne, but the similarity between his work and the work of Léonard Thiry implies that he trained at Thiry's school. He visited Italy with George d'Armagnac, Francis I's ambassador to the Venetian Republic. On his return, in 1546 or 1547, he won sponsors in the royal family and in the nobility. He is believed to have retired to Switzerland and the Savoie region of France. A Protestant, he suffered persecution, and requested leave from the King....

Article

Dutch, 16th century, male.

Born 1526, in Leeuwarden; died between 1606 and 1609, in Antwerp.

Painter, architect, draughtsman, engraver, designer of ornamental architectural features, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, landscapes, architectural views, interiors, church interiors, gardens, decorative motifs (grotesques), models (buildings).

Prague School.

Hans Vredeman de Vries was a pupil of Cornelis Floris (Cornelis Cornelis de Vriendt) and studied painting in Amsterdam. He was a great traveller and went to Mechelen, to Antwerp in 1549 and again in 1562 and from 1575 to 1585 and then to Leipzig. In 1586, he went to Frankfurt and then Brunswick, where he was based until 1596. In 1591 he was in Hamburg. Between 1592 and 1595 he worked in Danzig (now Gdansk) where he designed the fortifications and some ornamental motifs and also decorated the town hall and a number of churches. Next he went to Prague (1596-1598), to the court of Rudolph II, and to Amsterdam and The Hague. He had two sons, Salomon and Paul, who worked with him....