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Algerian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1982 active in France.

Sculptor, painter, engraver.

From 1978 to 1982 he studied at the school of fine arts in Algiers, where he graduated in visual communications. He then went on to study at the Institut d'Arts Visuels in Orléans ...


South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Kitwe, Zambia.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, video artist, land artist, watercolourist, curator.

Clive van den Berg came to South Africa in 1966, and trained at the University of Natal. He taught fine arts at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg ...


South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1974, in Pretoria.

Sculptor, printmaker, installation artist.

Wim Botha graduated from the University of Pretoria with a BA (Visual Art) in 1996, and lives in Cape Town. His work is usually controversial because of its iconoclastic nature, for example, he deconstructed the typical style of well-known South African artist J.H. Pierneef and of classical portrait busts, and he uses recycled Bibles to sculpt Christ figures. He has received a number of prestigious awards, including the first Tollman Award in ...


dele jegede


(b Oshogbo, 1943).

Nigerian mixed-media artist, printmaker and sculptor. He was trained as an electrician and provided stage lighting for the Lapido theatre group before training at the Mbari Mbayo workshop in Oshogbo in 1964. His first exhibition was at the Goethe Institute in Lagos in 1967, the same year that he was commissioned to create a mosaic for the India Loom House, Lagos. In 1974 he completed a certificate course at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, with a sculpture emphasis. Although he began as a painter and experimented with linoleum cuts in the 1960s, he soon began to incorporate beads into his work, using multicoloured commercial beads to produce striking pieces. Using a palette that fully explores the vibrancy of primary and secondary hues, Buraimoh draws on themes derived from the human and animal worlds. He also draws on contemporary scenes and Nigeria's religious pluralism (Islam, Christianity and indigenous religions) to develop themes from Yoruba myth, as in ...


Egyptian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1974.

Born 27 October 1949, in Cairo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Figures.

Sayed Darwiche learnt painting from his father, a calligrapher. He left Egypt after the two Egyptian-Israeli wars. His drawings and paintings show the figures of men, women and children, but through a violent form of expressionist deformation which approaches the work of the Abstract Expressionist artist Wilhem De Kooning, though his chosen blend of colours gives a sense of softness and luxury. Sayed Darwiche's sculptures, carved from old wood or quarried stone, come close to abstraction. They consist of curved, taut volumes whose sensual fullness contrasts with the ruggedness of his drawings and paintings....



Steven Sack

(Feni) [Zwelidumile Geelboi Mgxaji Mslaba Feni]

(b Worcester, Cape Province, May 21, 1939; d New York, Oct 16, 1991).

South African sculptor and printmaker, active in South Africa, London and New York. After his mother’s death when he was c. eight years old, he lived with relatives in Cape Town until the age of eleven. In the early 1950s he moved to Soweto under the care of his uncle. In 1963 and 1964, while undergoing treatment for tuberculosis, he was given some art materials and began his drawing career in earnest. Like many black South African artists from the late 1950s, Dumile had to negotiate the laws of apartheid that made his presence as a self-employed artist in the white city an offence. Dumile described himself as having never received any ‘real’ tuition and talked of artists learning from one another. Dumile was ‘discovered’ by Madame Haenggi, an art dealer who promoted his early work.

Before his departure from South Africa in 1968, Dumile had a number of successful exhibitions of drawings and sculptures comprising portrayals of tormented and anguished people, animals and township scenes. These early works were acquired by some of the major museums in South Africa. On arrival in London (...


South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 28 April 1955, in Johannesburg.

Draughtsman, engraver, graphic designer, film producer, sculptor, theatre and opera designer and producer. Multimedia, animated films.

Land Art.

Although William Kentridge has practised his creativity in many domains and in a wide range of media (animated films, land art, sculpture, printmaking, theatre and opera design and production, installations), it is chiefly his large-scale charcoal drawings in process (drawing for animation) and his unique, short, animated films and their projection that have given him international fame....


Mauritian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 16 February 1948, in Mauritius.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, screen printer.

Henry Koombes followed art courses in Cape Town. He lived there for several years, then returned to Mauritius in 1983. He uses acrylic like pastel to show a violently coloured 'lustful imagination'. He has appeared in various exhibitions, among which are: ...


South African, 20th century, male.

Born 11 June 1889/90, in Joniskis, Lithuania; died 7 February 1977, in Johannesburg.

Sculptor (wood, bronze, stone), painter, graphic artist. Portraits, figures, landscape, urban scenes, still lifes.

Moses Kottler, after studying and working in Jerusalem, Munich, and Paris, settled in Cape Town in ...


South African, 20th century, male.

Born 13 April 1935, in Johannesburg; died 1988, in Soweto, Johannesburg.

Sculptor, printmaker, draughtsman.

Sydney Kumalo spent most of his life in Soweto, Johannesburg. He received training from Cecil Skotnes at the Polly Street Recreation Centre in Johannesburg (1952–1957...


South African, 20th century, male.

Born 1938 or 1939, in Vrededorp, Johannesburg; died 1999, in Soweto, Johannesburg.

Sculptor, printmaker, draughtsman.

Ezrom Legae completed his primary and high school education in Soweto, and joined art classes at Polly Street Art Centre in 1959, where he was taught by Cecil Skotnes and Sydney Kumalo. Legae became an instructor at its successor, the Jubilee Art Centre in Soweto ...


South African, 20th century, male.

Born 8 May 1903, in Plungian, Lithuania; died 25 October 1980, in Kiryat Tivon, Israel.

Sculptor in diverse materials, draughtsman, printmaker.

In 1908, Isreal-Isaac Lipshitz emigrated to South Africa where he remained, apart from trips abroad, until his retirement to Israel in ...


Togolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 1950, in Pedakondji.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Murals.

El Loko trained at first as a textile designer in Accra from 1965 to 1968, and then in graphic arts at Düsseldorf's Staatliche Kunstakademie alongside Beuys, Crummenauer and Heerich. He lived and worked in Duisburg in Germany and in Pedakondji in Togo....


El Loko  

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Pedakondji, 1950).

Togolese painter, printmaker and sculptor, active in Germany. He trained as a textile designer in Accra and Tema, Ghana, before moving to Germany in the early 1970s. He studied fine arts at the Düsseldorf Kunstakademie with Beuys, Crummenauer and Heerich. His work includes a number of linoleum cuts in which birds’ wings, claws and beaks are combined with masks, faces and other elements in striking compositions. More recent mixed-media paintings and prints juxtapose images and abstract shapes executed in earthen tones. In works on paper and wooden sculpture dating from the early 1990s, sand and earthen pigments are combined to create texture and a sense of movement and depth. Many of his works are abstract colour fields composed of striking red-orange, yellow ochre and slate blue tones that outline geometric forms and, at times, stylized faces of partial humans. Eyes, crown, conical human heads and projecting horns are familiar elements, as is a mottled surface pattern. These same qualities are repeated in wooden sculptures, some exploring curvilinear and geometric volumes of the human form, others creating more two-dimensional, openwork, geometric patterns in sculptures that resemble commemorative or totemic wooden posts. El Loko has had numerous one-man exhibitions, primarily in Germany, and group shows in Germany, Switzerland, England, Togo, Ghana and the USA....


Mozambican, 20th century, male.

Born 6 June 1936, in Matalana.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, potter, sculptor, poet. Murals.

Valente Ngwenya Malangatana is a major figure in 20th century Mozambican culture. He was initiated into traditional healing practices when he was a young man, beginning to draw in ...


South African, 20th century, male.

Also active in France and Denmark.

Born 29 August 1904, in Boksburg, near Johannesburg; died 22 October 2002, in Clamart, near Paris.

Painter, printmaker, draughtsman, sculptor.

CoBrA Group.

Ernest Mancoba trained as a teacher (1920–1923) and then taught (...


South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1961, in Pretoria.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker.

Brett Murray obtained his Master of Fine Arts degree in 1988 from the University of Cape Town. While studying, he assisted in establishing the Gardens Media Group, an artists’ collective, that served the media needs of trade unions, political groupings, youth groups, and the campaign to end conscription during the struggle for liberation in South Africa. From ...


South African, 20th century, female.

Born 13 November 1967, in Winterton (KwaZulu-Natal); died 31 December 1999, in Pietermaritzburg.

Ceramicist, sculptor, printmaker.

Bonnie Ntshalintshali was the daughter of labour tenants on Ardmore Farm in the Drakensberg (KwaZulu-Natal), where Fée Halsted-Berning (now Halsted) and her family settled in ...


Chika Okeke-Agulu

(b Agbarha-Otor, Aug 30, 1932).

Nigerian printmaker, painter, and sculptor. He graduated from the Nigerian College of Art, Science and Technology, Zaria (1961), obtained a teacher’s certificate for art in 1962, and began 17 years of teaching at St Gregory’s College, Lagos, in 1963. He participated in Mbari Club workshops in Ibadan and Oshogbo in 1964. He subsequently exhibited internationally, winning an Honorable Mention in the Venice Biennale in 1990. Other honours include third prize from the Gottschalk Textile Company, and the British Council Award.

Onobrakpeya constantly experimented with technique. Starting with simple etching in the early 1960s, his methods and forms increased in complexity from two-dimensional works to low reliefs, then to multi-media sculptures and installations still based on printmaking techniques (see fig.). An example of the latter is Shrine Set (1995; Lagos, Ovuomaroro Gal.). He developed and named several practices, such as ‘bronzed lino relief’, ‘plastograph’, and ‘plastocast’. For sculptures he often made fibreglass casts from relief plaster plates. These works combine the aesthetics of sculpture and graphic works: bold lines, bright colours, textures, and high relief, as seen in ...


South African, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1943, in Marapyane, Skilpadfontien near Hammanskraal in Mpumlanga.

Painter, printmaker, sculptress, ceramicist.

The adolescent Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi, trained in mural painting by her maternal grandmother, relocated to Johannesburg in c.1960. Encouraged to develop her abilities by her former employer Heidi Petsch, and by John Koenakeefe Mohl, she furthered her training at the Alexandra Art Centre. She exhibited in the 1970s at ...