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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1925, in La Ciotat.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor, lithographer, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations.

Symbolism.

Jean-Pierre Alaux was the son of François Alaux and the great-great-grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux. From ...

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 July 1898, in Châteauroux; died 1 July 1970, in Chezal-Benoit (Cher).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes.

Robert Barriot studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in 1916 and was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 30 January 1782, in Bordeaux; died 21 February 1863, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Historical subjects, mythological subjects, genre scenes, architectural interiors. Wall decorations, low reliefs.

Studied initially in Bordeaux under Pierre Lacour the Elder, then became a pupil of Vincent and David. He exhibited on a regular basis at Salons between ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 15 March 1883, in Stuttgart; died 29 May 1972, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, architect, designer, decorative artist. Designs for carpets, advertising art, furniture, lamps, wallpaper.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

Lucian Bernhard studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Munich, but taught himself design. He was active in Berlin. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1867, in Bear Lake or Ovid (Idaho), to Danish parents; died 6 March 1941, in Chicago.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, historical subjects.

Gutzon Borglum, brother of Solon Borglum, was born to a Mormon father with two wives, and he lost contact with his mother when his father left the religion and decided to conform to society's norms for marriage by abandoning her. Borglum studied at St Mary's Academy, Kansas City, in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1960.

Sculptor, illustrator, decorative artist, potter, glassmaker, watercolourist, draughtsman.

Cambellotti's work was shown in the exhibitions Roman Secession, 1913-1916, held in Rome in 1987, and From Glass to Diamond: Artistic Stained Glass in Rome 1912-1925 at the Exhibition Centre in Rome in ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Lubaczów; died 1924, in Cracow.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative artist, ceramicist, sculptor, designer. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Furniture.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Debicki studied at the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Vienna from 1881 to 1884, then in Munich, Paris, Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) and Cracow. He first settled in Lemberg and began teaching in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 27 March 1935, in Forêt.

Painter, sculptor, lithographer, copyist, decorative designer.

Dewinter took evening classes at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1749, in Versailles; died 1825, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman (wash), engraver, decorative artist. Mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, historical portraits, hunting scenes, interiors with figures, gardens. Stage costumes and sets, furniture, designs for fabrics, frontispieces.

Dugourc's father, who was in the service of the Duke of Orléans, had a considerable fortune. Dugourc was permitted to attend the lessons taken by the Duke of Chartres (the future Philippe-Égalité), and at the age 15 left for Rome, attached to the embassy of the Count of Cani. From his infancy, he had shown an aptitude for drawing, perspective and architecture. However, the death of his mother, followed shortly after by the loss of his father's fortune, changed his life. From being an amateur, Dugourc became a professional artist, and executed paintings, sculptures and engravings. In a work published in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1919, in Etterbeek (Brussels).

Painter, sculptor, medallist, ceramicist, draughtsman, decorative designer, illustrator. Designs for tapestries.

Roger Duterme studied at the Etterbeek school of industrial art and design, and the Academy of St Luke in Brussels, where he later taught drawing. He became director of the École des Arts in Ixelles. He made large decorative panels for the Pavillon du St-Siège at the ...

Article

Klaus Lankheit

German sculptor, stuccoist, draughtsman and illustrator. He was the most important sculptor active in Franconia and the Palatinate in the first half of the 18th century; nevertheless, although his very individual late Baroque sculpture, mostly carved in wood, was highly regarded by his contemporaries, he was quickly forgotten after his death. His rich oeuvre was severely depleted, particularly as a result of World War II. It was only after that date that his importance was reassessed. Egell probably served an apprenticeship with the Würzburg sculptor ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active from 1953 also active in France.

Born 21 February 1909, in Lucerne; died 21 March 2015.

Painter, engraver, lithographer, ceramicist, sculptor, illustrator, decorative designer, writer. Murals, designs for mosaics.

Groups: Die Allianz, Abstraction-Creation.

The son of a mechanic, at the outset Hans Erni was a technical draughstman in an architect's studio. He attended the school of arts and crafts in Lucerne between 1927 and 1928, and the Académie Julian in Paris from 1928 to 1929. Between 1929 and 1930 he was at the Vereinigte Staatschule für Freie und Angewandte Kunst (school of applied arts) in Berlin. During his numerous stays in Paris he was in contact with Arp, Piet Mondrian, Constantin Brancusi, Alexander Calder, Wassily Kandinsky and Henry Moore among others. He was also strongly influenced by the work of Picasso and Braque. He joined the group...

Article

Erté  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1910 in France.

Born 1892, in St Petersburg; died 21 April 1990, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, stylist, decorative designer. Stage costumes and sets, designs for jewellery, furniture.

Art Deco.

The son of an admiral in the Imperial navy, Erté was a pupil of Ilya Repin in St Petersburg. He went to Paris at the age of eighteen, apparently attended the Académie Julian and was admitted to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Jean-Paul Laurens' workshop. He began his career in 1913 with the couturier Paul Poiret. From that year onwards, he designed stage costumes for Mata-Hari, Mistinguett and Gaby Deslys and in 1914 he worked for the journals ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in Canada from 1963.

Born 1933, in Iasi.

Sculptor, decorative designer, illustrator.

Sorel Etrog began studying art in 1945 and eventually left Romania to go to Israel in 1950, taking classes at the institute of painting and sculpture in Tel Aviv. He obtained a study grant in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 10 April 1900, in Châteauroux; died 13 May 1989, in St-Aubin-Châteauneuf.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, designer, poster artist, sculptor. Religious subjects, military subjects, battles, figures, nudes, figure compositions. Wall decorations.

Robert Falcucci trained in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts and the École des Arts Décoratifs, and he was also taught by Cécile and Émmanuel Cavaille-Coll. In ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1953.

Painter, sculptor, enameller, draughtsman, illustrator. Landscapes.

Pierre Falize studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, of which he was a member.

His work included gouaches, sepias and heightened drawings, but early on he moved to decorative sculpture and created ornamental shapes for the goldsmith's shop that belonged to his family. His bronzes, such as the trophy he made in ...

Article

Danielle B. Joyner

From the time John Cassian established the first female foundation in Marseille in ad 410, monastic women lived in varying states of enclosure and were surrounded by diverse images and objects that contributed to their devotion, education and livelihood. The first rule for women, written in 512 by St Caesarius of Arles, emphasized their strict separation from men and the world, as did the ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1634, in Rome; died 1689, in Rome.

Painter, fresco artist, sculptor, decorative artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects.

Ciro Ferri was Pietro da Cortona's outstanding pupil. He frequently worked alongside da Cortona and was retained on a regular basis by Pope Alexander VII and Prince Borghese. Grand Duke Cosimo III invited him to the Palazzo Pitti in Florence to complete frescoes left unfinished by da Cortona. By all accounts, Ferri did an excellent job and was soon entrusted with additional decorative work, including ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, collage artist, decorative designer. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets.

Groups: Hundsgruppe (Dog’s group), Phantastischer Realismus group.

Ernst Fuchs enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1945. From 1946 to 1950, he was a pupil of Gütersloh, whom Salvador Dalí considered the most important painter of his time (after himself). In around 1950, he was one of the founders of the Viennese ...