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[Christiaan]

(b Amsterdam, May 26, 1878; d Dachau, April 2, 1945).

Dutch painter, designer and applied artist. He trained in design and decorative painting at the Quellinus school and the Rijksschool voor Kunstnijverheid (National School of the Applied Arts) in Amsterdam from 1892 to 1899. He was assigned to assist with the decoration of the Dutch pavilion at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900. A number of his designs for the pavilion were executed in batik, a Javanese technique that had been recently introduced in the Netherlands. In subsequent years Lebeau developed a very personal approach to batiking and within a short time became the leading Dutch artist in this field. His batiked screens in particular were widely acclaimed (examples in Assen, Prov. Mus. Drenthe) and are considered masterpieces of Dutch Jugendstil.

Lebeau is one of the most important representatives of the severe, geometrical trend in Dutch applied arts of the early 20th century. From 1903 he designed damask tablecloths and household linen for the ...

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Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1919 and naturalised in France from 1947.

Born 11 February 1909, in Warneton (Flanders); died 5 May 1984, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Stage costumes and sets, murals, designs for mosaics, tapestries, and stained glass windows.

Gustave Singier's childhood was spent in war-torn Belgium under the German occupation. His father was a cabinet-maker and his mother a weaver. He started to paint in 1923, at the age of 14. He studied for three years at the École Boulle before going on to work (until 1936) as an interior architectural draughtsman and furniture designer, while painting in his free time. He met the painter Charles Walch, who encouraged him in his work and opened his eyes to his own potential as an artist painting from nature. He taught at the Académie Ranson in Paris from 1951 to 1954, then at the École des Beaux-Arts from 1967 to 1978....