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Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Marciana Marina (Livorno); died 1971, in Milan.

Painter, ceramicist, illustrator, scenographer, writer. Stage costumes.

Futurism.

Giovanni Acquaviva studied philosophy and law at the University of Pisa, while devoting himself to illustration at the same time. He founded the Futurist group ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 December 1899, in Albisola; died May 1971, in Albisola.

Ceramicist, draughtsman, painter, sculptor, screen printer, photographer. Artists' books.

Futurism.

Tullio d'Albisola studied with his father Giuseppe, a master potter, then with Gaetano Ballardini at the international university pottery class in Faenza, which he entered in ...

Article

Iraqi, 20th century, male.

Active in England since 1976.

Born 1939, in Baghdad.

Painter, potter, illustrator. Designs for tapes­tries.

Dhia Azzaoui initially studied archaeology. He then went on to study at Baghdad’s school of fine art. He has lived and worked in London since 1976...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 14 July 1821, in Montreuil-sur-Mer; died after 1901.

Painter (including porcelain), draughtsman, illustrator, engraver. Landscapes.

Initially a porcelain painter like Diaz and Troyon, the 20-year-old Alexandre de Bar came to the attention of Alexis de Fontenay who took him under his wing. By the following year, he had given up ceramics to devote himself exclusively to painting. He exhibited regularly from 1845 to 1870, chiefly landscapes. In 1856, he travelled to Egypt to document an expedition to chart the source of the Nile and remained there for a full year. De Bar occupies a major position among the illustrators of the Second Empire and was a major contributor to leading publications such as ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 13 September 1822, in Paris; died 25 January 1907, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator. History painting, portraits, genre scenes. Murals.

Son of the porcelain painter and miniaturist Barrias, Félix Joseph Barrias studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under L. Cogniet and exhibited regularly at the Paris Salon from ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 14 March 1814, in Erfurt; died 11 August 1889, in Berlin.

Painter, fresco artist, illustrator. Landscapes.

Bellermann began his studies at the art school in Weimar, learning porcelain painting under Johann Heinrich Meyer (1828). On 16 March 1833...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 April 1889, in Neosho (Missouri); died 1975, in Kansas City (Missouri).

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, genre scenes, local scenes. Murals.

American Regionalism.

Thomas Hart Benton gave up his job as a newspaper cartoonist in order to enroll in the Art Institute of Chicago, before pursuing his studies in Paris at the Académie Julian from 1908 to 1911. He was then in contact with some of the early 20th-century artists seeking radical renewal, in particular Stanton MacDonald-Wright, one of the active members of the Synchromism movement, which used the circle as the element capable of enlivening an abstract composition through the effects of colour dynamism. Benton himself said that it took him 10 years to break away from this abstract art, which later, after World War I, he openly opposed. But on his return to the USA in 1912, he was still in touch with Alfred Stieglitz, who was showing work by abstract artists and in 1916 was still showing Benton’s synchromist abstract paintings. Back in New York in 1913, he produced pottery, designed sets for Fox Studios, illustrated books and taught an evening class. He also taught at the New School for Social Research in Manhattan, where his personal choices had a significant influence on a great many young artists. Then, from 1926, he taught at the Art Students League, New York, where in 1929 one of his students was Jackson Pollock, who for a time painted Realist pictures, but quickly reacted against this genre, all the more vigorously for having to oppose Benton’s strong personality....

Article

Swiss, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 31 December 1758, in Zollikon, near Zurich; died 25 January 1823, in Feuerthalen.

Painter (gouache), illuminator, draughtsman, engraver. Landscapes.

In his youth, Johann Heinrich Bleuler learnt porcelain painting at the Kilchberg-Schooren works, but gave it up to devote his energies to an artistic career, studying under Heinrich Uster. He then worked for Matthäus Pfenninger in Zurich, producing topographical views of Switzerland. Around ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 16 December 1874, in Zoug.

Painter, illustrator, sculptor.

Johann Bossard made his debut as a ceramicist before he enrolled at the Munich academy of arts and crafts, where he studied sculpture; he worked in the atelier of Wilhelm von Ruemann at the academy of fine arts in Munich. In ...

Article

Ruth Rosengarten

(António Teixeira Bastos Nunes)

(b Lisbon, Sept 18, 1899; d Lisbon, Aug 18, 1982).

Portuguese painter, printmaker and designer of tapestries and tile panels. Known primarily as a ‘painter of Lisbon’, he began his artistic career as an illustrator and cartoonist as well as writing a weekly satirical page (1928–50) in the newspaper O sempre fixe. He visited Paris in 1929, 1930–1 and again in 1937, when he was impressed by a retrospective exhibition of the work of van Gogh, whose influence is evident in Botelho’s scenes of urban squalor of the late 1930s. He had begun to depict calm, unpopulated views of Lisbon in the early 1930s, for example Side View of the Castle (1935; Lisbon, Mus. Cidade), and from the early 1940s concentrated almost exclusively on this theme. The compositions became increasingly crisp and planar and the piling up of volumes and compression of space increasingly stylized, especially after he began to paint from memory in 1949. The tonalities of Botelho’s paintings remained consistently pale, as in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 July 1883, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, potter.

Georges Léon Bruyer did wood engravings and aquatints. Between 1907 and 1937 he exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants and the Salon d'Automne. Like many illustrators he treated a great variety of subjects. In addition to publishing his own engravings he illustrated a number of books, including ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1960.

Sculptor, illustrator, decorative artist, potter, glassmaker, watercolourist, draughtsman.

Cambellotti's work was shown in the exhibitions Roman Secession, 1913-1916, held in Rome in 1987, and From Glass to Diamond: Artistic Stained Glass in Rome 1912-1925 at the Exhibition Centre in Rome in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1906, in Venice; died 1996.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, potter.

Bruno Capacci arrived in Florence with his family at the age of 10; he went on to study at the academy of fine arts in Florence. He travelled to the USA, and set up home in Paris twice: ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 30 September 1932, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, potter. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stained glass windows.

Nathalie Chabrier studied at the École des Arts Appliqués and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She married Roger Forissier. She has worked mostly in decorative arts, notably in stained glass windows, tapestry, ceramics and murals. She has received various prizes, including the state art prize in ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 1908, in Le Vésinet.

Painter, engraver, potter, designer, illustrator. Religious subjects.

Marianne Clouzot started out as a painter but turned to ceramics from around 1942, favouring religious subjects. She wrote several children's books and a produced a portfolio of 12 etchings entitled ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 5 July 1889, in Maisons-Laffitte; died 11 October 1963, in Milly-la-Forêt.

Painter, pastellist, potter, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stage sets, designs for ceramics.

‘Versatility’ is perhaps the term that best sums up Jean Cocteau. Cocteau the poet: Dance of Sophocles, Cape of Good Hope; Cocteau the novelist: Children of the Game (Les Enfants Terribles); Cocteau the playwright: Parents of the Game (Les Parents Terribles); Cocteau the filmmaker: Blood of a Poet, Orpheus (Orphée), Beauty and the Beast and, by no means last, Cocteau the graphic artist, who produced drawings throughout his life and, in his final years, paintings.

Jean Cocteau designed the first Ballets Russes poster for Sergei Diaghilev and subsequently put together a large number of portfolios of his own sketches, including Drawings (1923), The Mystery of Birdcatcher Jean...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1892, in Florence; died 1974, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, potter, illustrator. Figures, landscapes.

Colucci studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and then left to work in Cairo. In 1917, he travelled to Africa and began to paint. He returned to Paris in 1919, where he exhibited for the first time. He exhibited etchings at the Salon d'Automne and the Surindépendants, and his works were hung amongst those of Gleizes, Herbin, Delaunay, Duchamp-Villon, Férat and Survage. In 1929, he took up pottery in Aubagne. In 1939, he belonged to the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 July 1922, in St-Marcellin.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator, ceramicist. Genre scenes, figures, portraits, nudes, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes, flowers.

André Cottavoz was the son of a milliner and studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons. In 1949 he received a grant from the Prix National de Peinture (National Prize in Painting), in 1950 a prize at the Biennale in Menton, and in 1953 the Premier Prix Fénéon....

Article

Christopher Newall

(b Liverpool, Aug 15, 1845; d Horsham, W. Sussex, March 14, 1915).

English painter, illustrator, designer, writer and teacher. He showed artistic inclinations as a boy and was encouraged to draw by his father, the portrait painter and miniaturist Thomas Crane (1808–59). A series of illustrations to Tennyson’s The Lady of Shalott (Cambridge, MA, Harvard U., Houghton Lib.) was shown first to Ruskin, who praised the use of colour, and then to the engraver William James Linton, to whom Crane was apprenticed in 1859. From 1859 to 1862 Crane learnt a technique of exact and economical draughtsmanship on woodblocks. His early illustrative works included vignette wood-engravings for John R. Capel Wise’s The New Forest: Its History and its Scenery (1862).

During the mid-1860s Crane evolved his own style of children’s book illustration. These so-called ‘toy books’, printed in colour by Edmund Evans, included The History of Jenny Wren and The Fairy Ship. Crane introduced new levels of artistic sophistication to the art of illustration: after ...

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1964.

Born 27 June 1927, in Kondoros.

Painter, pastellist, illustrator, potter. Figure compositions.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Between 1946 and 1952, Tibor Csernus studied with Aurel Bernath at the art academy in Budapest, then went to Holland in ...