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Article

Aesopus  

6th century, male.

Active in Attica in the first quarter of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Aesopus' name, together with a reference to his brothers, was found in Attic characters on a base from Sigea in the Troad (the area around Troy).

Article

6th century, male.

Active in Attica, at the end of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Mentioned in Pliny, Amphicrates may have made a bronze statue of a Lioness that stood at the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. It was a symbolic reference to the lyre player Leaina, a friend of one of the Tyrannicides, who was said to have cut out her tongue rather than betray the conspirators under torture....

Article

6th century, male.

Active in the first half of the 6th century BC.

Born at Chios.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

He is known to have worked in Delos. A passage in The Birds by Aristophanes suggests that he was the first to have depicted the goddess Nike with wings....

Article

6th century, male.

Active probably in Athens.

Sculptor (stone/bronze).

Ancient Greek, Archaic Period.

The figure of Antenor dominates the history of the fine arts of the Attica of his time. Around 506 BC, he was commissioned by Cleisthenes to make a bronze group of the ...

Article

6th century, male.

Active probably towards the end of the 1st half of the 6th century BC.

Born to a family originally from Chios.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Archermus was one of a family from Chios descended, according to Pliny, from a certain Melas (though this may be Melas the son of Poseidon and a nymph, the hero and mythical founder of the town). We do know that Archermus' father was Micciades, and that his sons were Boupalus and Athenis. According to Pliny, Archermus achieved fame in Lesbos and Delos. A base, apparently supporting a sphinx or griffin and signed by Micciades and Archermus, was found at Delos. Attempts to link this base with a winged goddess also found at Delos and known for a long time as the ...

Article

6th century, male.

Born to a family originally from Paros.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Like many other Ionian artists of the period, Aristion must have emigrated westwards, driven by the threatening Persians. The base of a funerary monument to Phrasicleia, dating from the second half of the 6th century BC and found at Mesogea in Attica, bears his signature. In Athens, his name appears (without the place name) on the base of Antilochus' ...

Article

6th century, male.

Active in Attica at the end of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

The famous funerary stele commemorating the hoplite (heavy-armed soldier) Aristion, dating from the last quarter of the century, is signed by Aristocles. His name appears again on an Attic inscription found at Hieraka....

Article

6th century, male.

Active in the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Sicyon.

Sculptor in bronze.

Ancient Greek.

Aristocles was the brother of the celebrated artist Canachus. He is thought to be the father of Cleoitas and grandfather of Aristocles IV. His followers were Synnoon of Aegina and his son Ptolichus. An epigram by Antipater of Sidon tells us that he collaborated with Canachus and Ageladas on a group showing three Muses. He made a ...

Article

6th century, male.

Active in Sicyon.

Born to a family originally from Cydonia (Crete).

Sculptor in bronze.

Ancient Greek.

Pausanias names Aristocles as one of the earliest artists and says that he was born before Zancle became Messana (which is to say, before 494 BC). Aristocles of Cydonia was commissioned by Evagoras of Zancle to make a statue for Olympia. It was a group showing Heracles struggling to seize the belt from an Amazon on horseback. Nothing remains of this work, although a fragment of marble bearing the inscription ...

Article

7th – 6th century, male.

Active during the archaic age.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Ariston and Telestas, his brother, are mentioned as the sculptors of an 18-foot (5.4-metre) Zeus at Olympia, dedicated by the Arcadian town of Cleitor between 600 and 550 (?) BC. He may be associated with the earliest group of bronze-makers active in Laconia....

Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time.

Astrology developed into a scientific branch of learning in ancient Greece, but because of the opposition of the Church Fathers it was transmitted to early medieval Europe in only fragmentary form in technically unsophisticated textbooks and popular divinatory genres. Literary and scientific texts provided more general ideas about the nature and attributes of the planets which were influential on later iconography. The first significant astrological images appear in 11th-century illustrated astronomical texts (e.g. London, BL, Cotton MS. Tiberius BV), which were acquired and produced by monasteries to aid with time-keeping and the construction of the Christian calendar....

Article

6th century, male.

Active in Chios during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Athenis is said to have earned the hatred of his contemporary, the poet Hipponax, for caricaturing him. He worked in collaboration with his brother Bupalus. Their works were well known, not only in Chios (where they made an image of Artemis with what is believed to have been a double mask, with both a sad and a happy expression), but also in Pergamum, Lesbos, Smyrna, Clazomenae and Delos....

Article

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Magnesia ad Maeandrum.

Sculptor, architect.

Ancient Greek.

Bathycles, like many other Ionians in Asia, moved westwards under the threat from the Medes as first Lydia and then the coastal towns fell. He came eventually to work in Greece. Around 530 BC, he designed the vast decorative construction known as the ...

Article

Bion I  

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Clazomenae or Chios.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Bion was known to Hipponax, who flourished c. 540 BC, and so was of the generation of Bupalus and Athenis.

Article

6th century, male.

Active during the second half of the 6th century BC.

Born in Chios.

Sculptor, architect.

Ancient Greek.

Boupalus' work is known from the writings of Pausanias. Mention is made of a statue of Fortune, crowned with a polos (head-dress) and holding in her hand the horn of Amalthea. It is likely that Boupalus was the originator of this type of statue, so often copied by the Romans. They, and Augustus in particular, much appreciated his work, examples of which were placed in the temple of Apollo on the Palatine. Boupalus worked with his sculptor brother Athenis in several towns in Asia Minor and at Delos....

Article

6th century, male.

Active in Sicyonc.516 BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Canachus of Sicyon must have been one of the most celebrated sculptors of the 6th century BC since his fame took him as far as Miletus to execute a commission for an Apollo Philesius...

Article

Chartas  

6th century, male.

Active Spartan, active at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Article

6th century, male.

Active Cretan, active probably at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Pausanias tells us that Cheirisophus made a golden statue of Apollo that stood at Tegea. This statue is also mentioned in an inscription dating from the 1st century BC or AD. He may have belonged to the group of Cretan sculptors who established themselves in the Peloponnese area at the beginning of the 6th century BC....

Article

6th century, male.

Active in Croton in 540 BC.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

Dameas made the bronze statue at Olympia of the famous athlete Milon of Croton.

Article

6th century, male.

Active in 580 BC.

Born in Crete.

Sculptor.

Ancient Greek.

According to Pliny, Dipoenus and his fellow-Cretan Scyllis were the first sculptors in marble. Moving to Sicyon, they made statues there of Heracles, Athena, Artemis and Apollo. Dipoenus also worked in gold and ivory, and examples were found in Cleonae, Argos and Ambracia....