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Article

Sophie Page

Astrology is the art of predicting events on earth as well as human character and disposition from the movements of the planets and fixed stars. Medieval astrology encompassed both general concepts of celestial influence, and the technical art of making predictions with horoscopes, symbolic maps of the heavens at particular moments and places constructed from astronomical information. The scientific foundations of the art were developed in ancient Greece, largely lost in early medieval Europe and recovered by the Latin West from Arabic sources in the 12th and 13th centuries. Late medieval astrological images were successfully Christianized and were adapted to particular contexts, acquired local meanings and changed over time....

Article

Hannelore Hägele

He was the son of the sculptor Johann Christian Bendl, with whom he trained. Having become a journeyman, he travelled for six years, probably to Bohemia and Venice. On his return he entered in 1684 the workshop in Augsburg of Johann Jakob Rill (fl...

Article

Robin A. Branstator

Danish sculptor and architect. His sculptural work shows a precocious awareness of early Renaissance art, suggesting that he trained in the workshop of Claus Berg in Odense. He first served Christian II, King of Denmark (reg 1512–23), as architect and sculptor and had settled in Copenhagen by ...

Article

Pedro Dias

Portuguese sculptor. He was born to a family of craftsmen and later entered one of the many workshops of wood-carvers in Braga. In 1676, however, he entered the Benedictine order at its Portuguese mother house of Tibães, near Braga. Here he made statues and reliefs for the church of S Martinho. From this period date his ...

Article

Bohemian, 17th century, male.

Active in Prague.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

Bohemian School.

Ernst Heidelberger was represented in the exhibition Light and Darkness. Baroque Art and Civilisation in Bohemia ( Lumière et ténèbres, art et civilisation du Baroque en Bohême) at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Lille in ...

Article

German, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born probably in Kaufbeuren.

Sculptor.

Augsburg School.

Some German authorities claim Loy Hering as the first great sculptor of the High Renaissance in that country. There are said to be around 100 of his religious and funerary carvings in churches in Würzburg, Augsburg, Heilsbronn, Kastl, Münden and Vienna....

Article

Marie-Claire Burnand

French architect and sculptor. Claims that he was born at Commercy in 1371 are unproven. Owing to the faulty reading of his lost epitaph in the Cordeliers’ church at Toul by Dom Calmet, his Christian name has been wrongly given as Rogier and the date of his death as ...

Article

Eva de la Fuente Pedersen

Danish sculptor and carver. He was the most prominent maker of church carvings in Skåne (now in Sweden) during the reign of Christian IV, King of Denmark and Norway (reg 1588–1648). In 1603, when buying 500 engravings, he was described as being ‘from Lund’. He moved to Lund presumably in the mid-1590s and stayed there for the rest of his life. The engravings that he purchased served as models for his sculptures, relief-cycles and ornamentation. In his youth he probably worked for the ...

Article

Ludovico Borgo and Margot Borgo

Italian sculptor, painter and draughtsman. He was the son of Bernardino del Signoraccio (Bernardino d’Antonio; 1460–after 1532), a minor Pistoian painter, and is first recorded in 1513 as a monk of the Dominican convent of S Marco in Florence. In that year he made two clay statues of ...

Article

Portuguese sculptor. He is associated with a school of sculpture that flourished in the second half of the 17th century and was based in the Cistercian abbey of Sta Maria, Alcobaça (see Alcobaça Abbey, §1), the largest foundation of this order in Portugal. It is known from chronicles by authors living in the abbey that the White Friars were responsible for the sculpture decorating their buildings and that their workshop supplied statues for other public institutions as well as for commissions from private individuals, such as Dom ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Died 1691, in Constance.

Sculptor. Religious subjects.

Schenck, whose work had certain similarities with Baroque, was inspired by the traditions of mannerism, which prevailed in the region of Lake Constance. Particularly notable is the powerful musculature of his figures carved in wood....

Article

Géza Jászai

German sculptor. In 1493 he entered the Carthusian monastery of Marienburg, becoming procurator in 1506 and prior in 1531. He presumably learnt his skills in the pottery town of Vreden, Westphalia. He produced devotional pictures and house altars as low reliefs completely in the tradition of the Utrecht ‘picture bakers’ or ‘picture makers’ using white pipeclay and fired hollow moulds (...

Article

German painter and sculptor. Formerly thought to be the brother of Johann Christian Thomas Winck, he in fact acquired his surname from a stepfather. Nor was he the grandfather of the sculptor Friedrich Carl Franz Winck (1796–1859). He probably started his training in Augsburg—his antecedents lie in south German late Baroque—and may have served his apprenticeship and journeyman years in Holland. He was in Mannheim in ...