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Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

Pakistani painter, sculptor and printmaker. Educated in Pakistan and abroad, he has consciously and successfully synthesized Eastern and Western aesthetic traditions. In 1963, a year after graduating from the National College of Arts, Lahore, he joined the faculty as a lecturer in art, later becoming a professor and head of the Department of Fine Arts. His studies abroad have included post-graduate work in London (...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 1584, in Borgo San Sepolcro; died 1638, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Religious subjects.

Son of Durante Alberti and brother of Alberto Alberti; studied in his father's studio and went on to produce paintings that hang in the cathedral of his native town, in San Giovanni and in Rome. Among these is an ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Rome.

Born 1593, in Borgo San Sepolcro.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, art theorist. Religious subjects. Frescoes.

Served as Secretary to the Accademia di San Luca in Rome (founded by Zuccharo). In 1585, he published in Rome a benchmark Treatise on the Noble Art of Painting...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Romec.1775.

Painter, engraver (burin), sculptor. Religious subjects. Statues.

Antonelli's work includes Halt During the Flight into Egypt (after Maratti), Christ on the Mount of Olives (Correggio), a Madonna and Child (Trevisani), and copies of various statues from the basilica of St Peter's....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 18 June 1828, in London; died 4 December 1905.

Sculptor, engraver, metal worker, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures. Busts.

Henry Armstead studied at the Royal Academy in London and became a member of the Academy in 1875. He exhibited a large number of busts and reliefs ...

Article

Italian, 15th – 16th century, male.

Born c. 1474, in Bologna; died 1552, in Bologna.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits. Miniatures.

Bolognese School.

Amico Aspertini was the younger brother of Guido Aspertini. He studied with E. Roberti Grandi and Lorenzo Costa but appears to have developed his style mainly from visiting the great art centres of Italy. From ...

Article

Italian, 16th – 17th century, male.

Born 1526 or 1528, in Urbino; died 1612, in Urbino.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Federico Barocci was the great-grandson of the sculptor Ambrogio Barocci da Milano, and son of Ambrogio di Federico Barocci. He was first taught by his father and by the painter Battisto Franco, a Venetian disciple and imitator of Michelangelo. At the age of 20 he left for Rome to complete his studies at Raphael's studio. In Rome he won the patronage of Cardinal della Rovere and worked with Taddeo Zuccaro, who introduced him to Michelangelo. On returning to Urbino he discovered Correggio, whose influence he came under. In 1560, now famous, he returned to Rome where he collaborated with Federico Zucchero on frescoes at the Vatican and on the decoration of the Palazzo del Bosco at the Belvedere. He executed the famous ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1 November 1848, in Damvillers (Meuse); died 10 December 1884, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver. History painting, religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, still-lifes.

From early childhood, Bastien-Lepage showed a taste and aptitude for drawing. He was the son of a prosperous farmer who taught and encouraged him. He continued to draw while attending school in Verdun, where the professor of drawing and composition, Fouquet, was impressed by his talent. On leaving school, however, he bowed to his family's wishes and entered the postal service (1867) rather than pursuing a career as an artist. It was soon apparent to him that he could not be both a civil servant and a painter. He promptly left his job with the postal service and started to paint full time. He was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts, where he studied under Cabanel. He made his Salon debut in 1870 with ...

Article

German, 16th century, male.

Born in Nuremberg; died, in Frankfurt.

Painter, sculptor, engraver (etching/burin/wood), draughtsman. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, military subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, animals.

Nuremberg School.

Elder brother of Barthel Beham, Hans Sebald Beham is said to have been instructed by Albrecht Dürer, whose influence he certainly shows. He was also influenced by the work of Albrecht Altdorfer. Like his brother, Hans Sebald was already producing works when very young. In ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1863, in London; died 27 November 1933, in London.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, religious subjects, mythological subjects, landscapes.

Robert Anning Bell was the pupil of Aimé Morot in Paris and of Sir George Frampton in London. He taught at University College, Liverpool (...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Born 18 May 1610, in Florence; died 22 July 1664, in Florence.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Son of the sculptor Francesco della Bella. His father wanted him to follow in his footsteps but relented when Stefano's talent for drawing manifested itself at an early age. His family sent him to study painting under Cesare Dandini, but Stefano opted instead to study engraving, joining the workshop of Remigio Cantagallina (who had previously instructed Jacques Callot). Della Bella worked in Italy from 1633 to 1639, then moved to Paris - where he was known as Étienne de la Belle. He remained in Paris from 1640 to 1649, although he spent some time in Holland in 1646. In Paris, he engraved for Silvestre, notably a remarkable ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in Colognola ai Colli, near Verona.

Painter, engraver, graphic designer, fresco artist, sculptor. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Bellomi studied initially at the Cignaroli Academy in Verona. After World War II, he worked as a coal miner in St-Étienne in France. However, he spent most of his life in Verona where, ...

Article

Bohemian School, 17th century, male.

Born 1620; died 25 May 1680, in Prague.

Sculptor. Religious subjects, figures. Statues, monuments.

Jan Bendl was the son of Jiri (Georg) Bendl, the wood engraver. He reached Prague in the year 1636 and also travelled to Italy, where he studied Bernini's sculpture. Emperor Ferdinand III commissioned a statue of the ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 April 1868, in Lille; died 16 April 1941, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, still-lifes, landscapes, urban landscapes. Designs for tapestries.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven.

Émile Bernard plays a singular role in the history of painting in the late-19th century. As demonstrated by the important retrospective of his work mounted by the Fondation Mona Bismarck in Paris in 1991, he was the often-overlooked originator of a number of highly innovative movements (Cloisonnism, Synthetism, even Symbolism), whose paternity he claimed with vehemence in his writings, before he turned his back on them all with equal forcefulness later in life. He moved to the western Paris suburb of Asnières with his family in 1881, and showed an early interest in painting, studying at the Atelier Cormon from the age of 16. Here he met his mentor, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and subsequently Van Gogh. Expelled from the studio in 1886 for insubordination and lack of discipline, he travelled to Normandy and Brittany, where he encountered Gauguin and his followers from the Pont-Aven School. In the same year, he painted the ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 13 January 1878, in Lindau (Zurich); died 1923, in Ligornetto (Ticino).

Sculptor, painter, engraver. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, local scenes. Statues, busts.

Carl Burckhardt was educated from 1896 to 1898 at the painter Erwin Knirr's private art academy in Munich. He spent some time in Basel and travelled to Rome in ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born shortly before 1536, in Cremona; died c. 1591.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, sculptor, architect. Religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Antonio Campi was the son of Galeazzo and brother of Giulio and Vincenzo Campi. He worked first with his father and later at the studio of his brother Giulio. Before moving to Milan in 1561 he had worked in many different towns, notably Piacenza, Lodi, Brescia, Mantua, Cremona and Rome....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

Susan Compton

French painter, draughtsman, printmaker, designer, sculptor, ceramicist, and writer of Belarusian birth. A prolific artist, Chagall excelled in the European tradition of subject painting and distinguished himself as an expressive colourist. His work is noted for its consistent use of folkloric imagery and its sweetness of colour, and it is characterized by a style that, although developed in the years before World War I, underwent little progression throughout his long career (see.g. ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 2 January 1797, in Lyons; died, in Lyons.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Religious subjects, historical subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes. Busts, groups, statuettes.

The son of Lyons medal engraver Jean-Marie Chavanne (1766-1826), Jean Marie was a pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons from ...

Article

Flemish School, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born 1667, or 1668, in Antwerp; died 1735.

Painter, engraver, sculptor (ivory). Religious subjects, mythological subjects.

Jan Claudius de Cock studied with Peter Verbruggen in 1682. He decorated the château of William III at Breda under the direction of Jacob Romans. Admitted as master in ...