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Swiss painter and sculptor. From 1884 to 1886 he received irregular lessons from the Swiss painter Frank Buscher (1828–90). In the autumn of 1886 he attended the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Munich and the following year met Giovanni Giacometti, who was to be a lifelong friend. In ...

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Thérèse Burollet

French sculptor and painter . He first studied law; when the Franco-Prussian war broke out in 1870 he enlisted as a volunteer in Gen. Charles Bourbaki’s army. After the battle of Sedan he fled to Switzerland. As a prisoner on parole, he attended Barthélemy Menn’s studio at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Geneva and decided to devote himself to painting. He worked alone, in a naturalistic manner heavily influenced by that of Jules Bastien-Lepage, with its insistence on working in the open air rather than in the studio. Bartholomé exhibited for eight years at the Salon des Artistes Français (e.g. ...

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Petr Wittlich

Czech sculptor and printmaker. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague (1887–8, 1890) under Maximilián Pirner, at the School of Applied Arts in Prague (1888) under Josef Mauder (1854–1920) and at the Académie Colarossi in Paris (...

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Antoinette Le Normand-Romain

French sculptor, painter and draughtsman. After working with his father, a cabinetmaker, in 1876 he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse. In 1884 he was admitted as a pupil of Alexandre Falguière to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, but in rebellion against academic training left two years later. He then moved into a house (now the Musée Bourdelle) in the Impasse du Maine; Jules Dalou, for whom he had the greatest admiration, lived near by....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1901, in Fleurus (Hainaut).

Painter. Figures, landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes.

A pupil of the sculptor and Post-Impressionist painter Léon Vandenhouten who exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Fernand Bouton's work is characterised by meticulous attention to the effects of light, notably twilight, and the plethora of sunset colours and silvery moonlight....

Article

French sculptor and ceramicist. He was brought up in an orphanage and in 1868 entered the studio of a sculptor of religious images named Vermare. In 1874 he became a probationary pupil of Augustin-Alexandre Dumont at the Ecole des Beaux–Arts in Paris but, having failed the tests for full admission, left to set up on his own. He made his début at the Salon of ...

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Geneviève Monnier

French painter, draughtsman, printmaker, sculptor, pastellist, photographer and collector. He was a founder-member of the Impressionist group and the leader within it of the Realist tendency. He organized several of the group’s exhibitions, but after 1886 he showed his works very rarely and largely withdrew from the Parisian art world. As he was sufficiently wealthy, he was not constricted by the need to sell his work, and even his late pieces retain a vigour and a power to shock that is lacking in the contemporary productions of his Impressionist colleagues....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 July 1834, in Paris, France; died 26 September 1917, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, printmaker (monotypes, etchings, aquatints, lithographs), draughtsman, photographer. History painting, figures, nudes, portraits, genre scenes, interiors with figures, sporting subjects.

Japonisme.

Impressionist group.

Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas was born in Paris into a well-to-do banking family. His father, whose family originated from Breton nobility, was born in Naples and his Creole mother, Célestine Musson, was born in New Orleans. She died in 1847 when Degas was 13 years old. His grandfather (who had left France at the time of the French Revolution) and his father always signed their names ‘de Gas’, a usage that Edgar continued until about 1870. He only signed works when he sold or exhibited them, and after his death, the executors of his estate stamped red signatures on all the works in his studio. Degas rarely dated his works....

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Jean-Pierre de Bruyn

Belgian painter, sculptor, illustrator, and stage designer. He studied music at the Koninklijk Muziekconservatorium and sculpture at the Gewerbeschule, Ghent (after 1877). He visited Paris in 1887 and Italy in 1890, with a grant from the city of Ghent. He was deeply impressed by the masters of the Quattrocento, and was encouraged to take up painting after meeting Constantin Meunier (...

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Rodolphe Rapetti

French painter, printmaker, sculptor and ceramicist. His style developed from Impressionism through a brief cloisonnist phase (in partnership with Emile Bernard) towards a highly personal brand of Symbolism, which sought within the tradition of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes to combine and contrast an idealized vision of primitive Polynesian culture with the sceptical pessimism of an educated European (...

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Peter J. Flagg

French painter, sculptor, designer and government official. He trained first as a sculptor and engraver, not taking up painting until 1883. While working at the shop of the wood-engraver Eugène Froment (1844–1900) he met Emile-Gustave Péduzzi (Cavallo-Péduzzi; 1851–1917) and Maximilien Luce. By ...

Article

Julius Kaplan

Belgian painter, illustrator, sculptor, designer, photographer and writer. He was one of the foremost Symbolist artists and active supporters of avant-garde art in late 19th-century Belgium. His wealthy family lived in Bruges from 1859 to 1864, moved to Brussels in 1865, where Khnopff remained until his death, and spent their summers at a country home in Fosset, in the Ardennes. Fosset inspired numerous landscapes that owe a strong debt to Barbizon-style realism (see ...

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in Germany.

Born 1 September 1938, in Copenhagen.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, performance artist, environmental artist. Landscapes.

Neo-Impressionism.

Fluxus, Nouveaux Fauves.

Per Kirkeby took a doctorate in geology and has participated in several scientific expeditions to Greenland, central America, central Asia and Ireland. In the 1960s, he was a member of the experimental art school in Copenhagen, which was close to the Fluxus group, and, in ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Korssun.

Painter.

Abraham Koslov lived in Paris with his brother, the sculptor Benederte. He painted scenes of Judaeo-Russian folklore in an Impressionist style. They both exhibited in the Salons des Indépendants and d'Automne.

Paris, 20 Oct 1997: The Road to the Village...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France from 1911.

Born 16 November 1885, in Warsaw.

Sculptor, painter.

Henri Kuna lived in Paris from 1911, where he exhibited at the Salon d'Automne. He was influenced by Impressionism, and then by Maillol's art and ancient and Asiatic sculptures. He worked using marble and ebony in smooth, solid forms. In ...

Article

Ellen W. Lee

French painter and sculptor. He was born into a cultivated family of artistic inclination and independent means. He first studied with his mother, the printmaker and painter Laure Lacombe (1834–1924), and received further guidance from the French painters Georges Bertrand (1849–1929), Alfred Roll and Henri Gervex, who were family friends. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 8 June 1876, in Altona.

Painter, engraver, sculptor.

Willi Otto Max Lange trained at the Düsseldorf Academy of Fine Arts, and at the Académie René Prinet in Paris. He painted Impressionist-style harbour scenes and seascapes.

Hamburg (Kunsthalle)

Hanover (Kestner-Mus.)

Article

Wojciech Włodarczyk

Polish sculptor and ceramicist. He began studying sculpture in 1885, initially at private schools in Warsaw and then between 1891 and 1896 in Paris at the studios of Antonin Mercié, Alexandre Falguière and Jean-Léon Gérôme. Laszczka exhibited in Poland and abroad from 1889. From 1899 to 1935...

Article

Michèle Lavallée

French painter, illustrator, and sculptor. He went to Paris in 1878 to study under the painter Emile Bin until 1885, when he entered the atelier of Alexandre Cabanel. From 1883 onwards, he exhibited landscapes, genre scenes, and portraits (those of women and children being particularly popular) in oil and pastel at the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français....

Article

Lepla  

Polish, 19th century, male.

Sculptor.

Lepla was an Impressionist sculptor. His composite scenes and statuettes are ingenious in the way they include the surrounding atmosphere.