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Article

Chiara Stefani

In 

See Tadolini family

Article

Francisco Portela Sandoval

He was the son of the sculptor Francisco Bellver (1812–89), with whom he undertook his first studies until attending the Madrid Escuela Superior de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado. Ricardo soon started to submit to the Exposiciones Nacionales de Bellas Artes works on historical subjects, such as ...

Article

Gordon Campbell

Flemish sculptor and porcelain modeller. In 1746 he settled in Lunéville (France), where from 1752 he modelled figures for the Lunéville Porcelain Factory (see under Lunéville). He subsequently worked for the porcelain factories at Saint-Clément (1758), Ottweiler Factory (1765) and ...

Article

Sandra Sider

Folk art, or vernacular art (specific to a group or place), developed in Colonial America out of necessity when individual households produced most of the utilitarian objects required for daily life. Using traditional tools and techniques, many of these makers created pieces in which aesthetics came to play a substantial role, through form, ornamentation, or both. In some groups, notably the ...

Article

Clementine Schack von Wittenau

German sculptor. He entered the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich in 1887 and a year later went to the Akademie where he studied under Wilhelm von Rümann until 1892. In 1896 he took over Rümann’s teaching at the Akademie; he became an honorary professor in 1902 and was appointed full professor in ...

Article

Norwegian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1835, in Moss; died 18 December 1923, in Christiania (now Oslo).

Sculptor.

Carl Ludwig Jacobsen was influenced by the Danish Neo-Classical sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen. He worked for the King of Denmark.

Bergen: Helberg

Copenhagen: The Minister Due; Falsen; Collett...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Born 1888, in Câmpulung; died 1929, in Bucharest.

Sculptor. Busts, monuments.

Mataoanu studied in Bucharest and Paris. He executed busts and monuments in Neo-Classical style.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 October 1931, in Toutry.

Sculptor.

Merlier studied art at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris, where he was influenced by Ossip Zadkine. Abstract in style, Merlier developed a Neo-Classical approach to his sculpture, combining a Neo-Cubist structure with an Expressionist purpose. In his recent work, influenced by Lorjou's populism, the allusion to popular arts has led him to produce grotesque figures in multi-coloured wood with fragments of mirrors or metals inserted....

Article

John Wilton-Ely

Term coined in the 1880s to denote the last stage of the classical tradition in architecture, sculpture, painting and the decorative arts. Neo-classicism was the successor to Rococo in the second half of the 18th century and was itself superseded by various historicist styles in the first half of the 19th century. It formed an integral part of ...

Article

Harriet F. Senie

Objects created to remind viewers of specific individuals or events (see also Public monument). At its inception, the United States faced fundamental questions of what the new nation should commemorate and what forms would be appropriate for its new form of government: democracy. Primary subjects were presidents as well as military leaders and wars that functioned as expressions of national values. Often realized long after their subject had died or ended, monuments frequently reflected the time in which they were actually built. As societal values changed, so did the form and emphasis of monuments....

Article

Santos  

James Cordova and Claire Farago

Term that refers to handmade paintings and sculptures of Christian holy figures, crafted by artists from the Hispanic and Lusophone Americas. The term first came into widespread use in early 20th-century New Mexico among English-speaking art collectors to convey a sense of cultural authenticity. Throughout the Americas, the term ...

Article

Peter Springer

German sculptor. He enrolled at the Akademie, Dresden, at the age of 15, from 1845 training under Ernst Rietschel. He then studied (1851–2) at the Akademie in Berlin, where his tutors included Friedrich Drake, and again (1853–4) at the Dresden Akademie, partly as assistant to ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 11 January 1839, in Webster; died 8 December 1913, in Rome.

Sculptor. Animals. Monuments, busts.

Franklin Simmons sculpted equestrian monuments and war memorials. He is known for a neo-classical marble Penelope. He was decorated by King Umberto of Italy....

Article

Elise Madeleine Ciregna

Stonecarving throughout American history has been utilized for various purposes: utilitarian work such as paving, roofing and hitching posts; and ornamental work, such as architectural elements, gravestones and monuments, and sculpture. America’s first professional stonecarvers were mainly trained, skilled artisans from England and Scotland. These men were often called “statuaries” because they were capable of producing highly ornamental carving and sculpture, similar to the work of trained academic sculptors. There was little call for such highly decorative work in the colonies, but as urban centers gradually formed, stone masons found plenty of work in newly emerging cities such as Boston, Philadelphia and New York....

Article

Chiara Stefani

Italian family of sculptors. Petronio Tadolini (1727–1813) was a Bolognese sculptor, and his grandson (1) Adamo Tadolini worked in Bologna and then in Rome as a follower and protégé of Canova. Adamo had two sons, both sculptors: Scipione Tadolini (1822–92), who was a pupil of his father and who sculpted such works as ...