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Article

Arcabas  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 26 February 1937, in Madrid.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, decorative designer, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits. Stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Eduardo Arroyo was educated at the Lycée Français in Madrid and then at the School of Journalism. At the age of 21, he left Franco's Spain for Paris, where he was to remain in exile for some 20 years. Although his original intention was to be a journalist rather than a painter, he saw painting as the most accessible and effective medium for his main aim, which was political militancy. He taught himself to paint, but this was made easier by the fact that it was not so much any possible aesthetic dimension to the work that interested him, but rather its immediate intelligibility and the power of the image. He brought together a mixture of techniques to create the effective image. Collage in its various forms was a constant feature of his style. In his early work, he often turned to what was then called 'Modification': that is, taking either a genuine picture from a second-hand shop, or a reproduction (as in the case of a work by Goya, Velázquez or Miró), and superimposing pictorial additions to alter the meaning, generally with the aim of being controversial and often humorous as well. He rapidly became a master of minimalist techniques, and soon began to exhibit at group shows. Some of these early shows were at the traditional exhibition centres, such as the Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui and the Salon de Mai. He was an influential member of the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, where he exhibited from 1960 onwards, and his exhibitions there between 1964 and 1969 (with Aillaud and Récalcati) triggered militant activity that led to a temporary change in the group's name....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born 1692, in Bologna; died 1776.

Painter, decorative designer, fresco artist, draughtsman, sculptor. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, figures, landscapes with figures. Stage sets, church decoration.

The year of Vittorio Bigari's death is questioned by some sources cited by Moser, which contend that he lived and worked in Russia until ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 27 November 1913, in Brussels; died 27 August 1986, in Nice, France.

Painter, decorative artist, sculptor. Landscapes. Stage sets.

Crèvecoeur exhibited in Brussels, Antwerp, Courtrai, Paris, Cairo, Alexandria, New York and Beirut, and won a number of prizes including the first prize awarded by the Académie Royale in Brussels. In addition to landscapes painted in a vigorous style he produced theatre sets and ornamental sculptures....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1920, in Paris; died 1 June 1999.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, engraver, lithographer, draughtsman, designer. Landscapes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Olivier Debré began exhibiting his paintings in 1941, which were still Expressionist in style, at the Galerie Aubry in Paris, where in 1943, he displayed one of his first abstract works. In 1948 he began to exhibit his works at the Paris Salons: initially at the Salon des Surindépendants, in 1949 at the Salon d'Automne and the Salon de Mai, where he continued to exhibit. In 1952 and 1953 he took part in the first and second Salons d'Octobre, which were organised by Charles Estienne. In 1954 he exhibited at the Salon Comparaisons for the first time; in 1955 his work appeared at the Lissone Prize exhibition in Italy; and in 1957 he showed his works at the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles for the first time. After this he began participating in more and more national and international collective exhibitions: he was invited to the Marzotto Prize in 1961, and to the Paris Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui for the first time in 1962. In 1964, he won first prize at the Menton Biennale; in 1965 he became a member of the committee at the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles; in 1967 he participated in the exhibition of contemporary painting in the European Pavilion at the International Exhibition in Montreal, and also ...

Article

Erté  

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1910 in France.

Born 1892, in St Petersburg; died 21 April 1990, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, stylist, decorative designer. Stage costumes and sets, designs for jewellery, furniture.

Art Deco.

The son of an admiral in the Imperial navy, Erté was a pupil of Ilya Repin in St Petersburg. He went to Paris at the age of eighteen, apparently attended the Académie Julian and was admitted to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Jean-Paul Laurens' workshop. He began his career in 1913 with the couturier Paul Poiret. From that year onwards, he designed stage costumes for Mata-Hari, Mistinguett and Gaby Deslys and in 1914 he worked for the journals ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, collage artist, decorative designer. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets.

Groups: Hundsgruppe (Dog’s group), Phantastischer Realismus group.

Ernst Fuchs enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1945. From 1946 to 1950, he was a pupil of Gütersloh, whom Salvador Dalí considered the most important painter of his time (after himself). In around 1950, he was one of the founders of the Viennese ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 2 August 1888, in Rome; died 5 June 1958, in Turin.

Painter. Stage sets, furniture.

Futurism.

In Rome, Ugo Giannattasio studied under the sculptor Ximenes and at the Accademia. He knew Paris well, as he had spent his childhood there, and in ...

Article

Bulgarian, 20th century, male.

Born 1 January 1932, in Assenovgrad.

Painter, sculptor, mosaicist, illustrator. Decorative panels, frescoes, stage sets, patterns (fabrics).

Ivan Kirkov studied at the national academy of fine arts in Sofia where he attended painting classes with Ilia Petrov and Kirk Tsonev, completing his training there in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Philadelphia; died 1975.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Stage sets.

Gabriel Kohn's father was an engraver, and he studied under him before being admitted at the Cooper Union in 1929 to study sculpture with Gaetano Cecere. He went on to learn modelling at the Institute of Design, while working for New York sculptors in the early 1930s. From ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1975 in France.

Born 5 July 1940, in Moscow.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), watercolourist, engraver, decorative designer, sculptor. Stage sets.

Yuri Kuper was the son of a violinist, and studied at the academy of fine art in Moscow from 1957 to 1963...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 January 1888, in Paris; died 26 March 1976, in Fréjus (Var).

Sculptor, ceramicist, fresco artist. Busts, funerary monuments, stage sets, wall decorations.

Baron Léon Albert Marie de Leyritz was a pupil of J.P. Aubé and from 1906 of Antonin Mercié at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He received the Prix Chenavard in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1971.

Born 20 April 1927, in Chisinau-Cris.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, designer, interior designer, scenographer. Stage sets, stage costumes, advertising art.

Ion Mitrici graduated from the N. Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts in Bucharest in 1954. He was a member of the Union of Plastic Artists of Romania ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Montreal; died 1991.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, decorative designer. Stage sets, frescoes, posters, fabric designs, advertising art.

Groupe des Automatistes.

Jean-Paul Mousseau was initially a pupil of Brother Jérôme at the Collège Notre Dame in Montreal, then studied in the studio of Borduas ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1894, in Modena; died 1956, in Rome.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, scenographer. Figures, portraits, landscapes, interiors, still-lifes. Stage costumes and sets, marionettes, wall decorations, furniture.

Futurism, Dadaism.

Groups: Cercle et Carré, Abstraction-Création, Group 40.

Enrico Prampolini studied briefly with Diulio Cambellotti at the Accademia di Belle Arti in, Rome, but was expelled in 1913. He wrote his own manifesto, ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 12 May 1885, in Tempio Pausania, Sardinia; died 1961, in Milan.

Painter (gouache), illustrator, draughtsman, decorative designer, sculptor. Figures, portraits, urban landscapes. Murals, stage sets.

Futurism, Novecento Italiano.

Milanese School.

Mario Sironi was studying mathematics in Rome with the intention of becoming an engineer when he decided to enrol in the academy of fine art. He met Severini and Boccioni who introduced him to Balla. After 1914, he moved to Milan, his parents' home town. He was not only an artist but also a writer on art and an architect.Sironi's paintings depict a variety of subjects, often including faces, and seek to portray the wretchedness of the human condition in urban society. He was only briefly associated with Futurism, in 1915. Often using a collage technique applied to coloured paper, he produced works with broad contrasting planes 'on the modern myths of machines and speed' with titles like ...

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 18 August 1920, in Guadalajara (Jalisco).

Painter (mixed media/gouache), sculptor, engraver, decorative artist, draughtsman. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals. Stage sets.

Juan Soriano had no artistic training other than some instruction on 19th century Mexican and European art. When very young he apparently received advice from Roberto Montenegro and Jesús Reyes Ferreira. In 1935 he was appointed to teach in Mexico art school. He often visited Europe, especially Rome and Paris, where he lived....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 13 June 1924, in Toronto (Ontario); died 1990.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor, illustrator, engraver, decorative designer. Murals, stage costumes and sets.

Op Art.

Painters Eleven.

Harold Barling Town studied at the Western Technical Institute and the Ontario College of Art in Toronto ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Active from 1905 in France.

Born 12 February 1884, in Smolensk; died 14 May 1957, in Nogent-sur-Marne, France.

Painter, sculptor, designer. Religious subjects, figures, portraits. Stage sets, furniture.

Maria Vassileva began her studies in medicine in St Petersburg from 1902, but switched to the fine art academy. Having received a travel grant, she arrived in Paris in 1905. She went back there in 1907 and finally settled there. A Russian news correspondent, she was a student of Matisse at the same time. She then got to know Max Jacob, among others. It was perhaps as a result of the article on Matisse that she published in the ...